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Schulim Ochser, Ph.D.

(Office Editor), Rabbi, New York City.

Contributions:
YIẒḤAḲ BEN MARYON – Palestinian amora of the third century; contemporary of Eleazar ben Pedat (Yer. Suk. 53a). He transmitted some haggadic maxims in the names of Ḥanina (Eccl. R. ix. 12) and Jose ben Ḥanina (Pesiḳ. 99a). With reference to Gen. ii....
YIẒḤAḲ BAR NAḤMAN – Palestinian amora of the third century; a friend of Jacob bar Idi, together with whom he officiated as poor-law commissioner (Yer. Sheḳ. 49a). The two friends often engaged in halakic controversies (Yer. Shab. 14d). Yiẓḥaḳ twice...
YIẒḤAḲ NAPPAḤA – Palestinian amora of the third and fourth centuries. He is found under the name "Nappaḥa" only in the Babylonian Talmud, not in the Palestinian. As a haggadist he stands in the foremost rank of his contemporaries. In the...
YIẒḤAḲ BEN PARNAK – Palestinian amora of uncertain period. He is named as the author of an apocryphal work entitled , which describes the events that take place at the death of a human being. When a man is dying three angels come to his bedside—the...
YIẒḤAḲ BAR REDIFA – Palestinian amora of the fourth century; the transmitter of the haggadah of R. Ammi (Lev. R. xii., beginning; Ex. R. xlii., end; Yer. Sheḳ. 48a; Ex. R. iii. to Ex. iii. 14). He once requested the amora Jeremiah to decide a...
YIẒḤAḲ BEN SAMUEL BEN MARTA – Babylonian amora of the third and fourth centuries. He was a pupil of R. Naḥman, to whom he directed questions relating to sacrifice (Men. 81a) and to differentiation between sanctified and unsanctified things (Ḥul. 35a). In the...
YIẒḤAḲ BEN ṬABLAI – Palestinian amora of the fourth century; a contemporary of Jacob ben Zabdai and Ḥelbo, together with both of whom he was called upon to decide a question of religious law (Yer. Niddah 50a). When asked whether the law of Demai...
YIẒḤAḲ BEN ZE'ERA – Palestinian amora of the fourth century. He interpreted the word in Ps. xix. 6, in connection with Gen. xviii. 11, as signifying that the descending sun resembles a drop of blood not larger than a mustard-seed (Lev. R. xxxi. 9)....
ZADOK – 1. A priest, perhaps the high priest during the reign of David. He was the son of Ahitub (II Sam. viii. 17), but the attempt to trace his genealogy back to Eleazar, the third son of Aaron, as opposed to Abiathar, his...
ZADOK GAON – Gaon of Sura from 820 to 821. On the basis of a responsum quoted in the "Sha'are Ẓedeḳ" (iv. 311, No. 2), Weiss refers to him as follows in his "Dor": "If a case was brought before him and he found the defendant guilty, but was...
ZE'IRI – Amora of the third century; born in Babylonia. He sojourned for a long time in Alexandria, and later went to Palestine, where he became a pupil of Rabbi Johanan. In the name of Ḥanina b. Ḥama he transmitted the maxim that he who...
ẒEMAḤ BEN ḤAYYIM – Gaon of Sura from 889 to 895. He was the stepbrother and successor of Nahshon ben Zadok, and has become known especially through the reply which he madeto the inquiry of the Kairwanites regarding Eldad ha-Dani. This responsum,...
ẒEMAḤ BEN KAFNAI – Gaon of Pumbedita from 936 to 938, at the time when Saadia had been reinstated in the gaonate of Sura after his excommunication. Nothing is known concerning his life or his works.Bibliography: Letter of Sherira, in Neubauer's...
ZENOBIA SEPTIMIA – Empress of Palmyra; regent (from 267 to 273) for her minor son Vollabathus, who had been appointed imperator by the emperor Aurelian. Zenobia appears to have been friendly to the Jews; and according to some accounts, which,...
ZIDON (SIDON) – 1. Eldest son of Canaan (Gen. x. 15; I Chron. i. 13).2. According to Strabo (xvi. 2), the oldest city of Canaan; situated twenty miles south of Beirut. Its territory extended from the slopes of the Lebanon to the coast, and was...
ZIKLAG – Simeonitic town which, after the union of the tribes of Simeon and Judah, became Judean; first mentioned in the account of the territory and borders of the individual tribes (Josh. xv. 31, xix. 5). In the early part of the regal...
ZIONIDES – The songs of Zion, i.e., the lyrical hymns which express the longing of the Jewish nation to see the hill of Zion and the city of Jerusalem shine again in all their former glory, date back to the time immediately after the...
ZIPPORAH – Biblical Data: Daughter of Jethro and wife of Moses. According to the Bible,Moses met the daughters of Jethro when they were being driven away from a well by shepherds; he assisted them, and was invited into the house of Jethro,...
ZUṬRA, MAR, I. – Exilarch from 401 to 409. He was the successor of Mar Kahana and a contemporary of R. Ashi, whose enactments he had to follow in spite of his exalted position. He was obliged to leave Nehardea and take up his residence in Sura,...
ZUṬRA, MAR, II. – Exilarch; born about 496; died about 520; ruled from 512 to 520. He was the son of Huna, who was appointed exilarch under Firuz; and he was born at the time when Mazdak endeavored to introduce communism in all Persia. The...
ZUṬRA, MAR, BAR MAR ZUṬRA – Palestinian scholar. On the day of his birth his father was crucified, and his mother fled with him to Palestine, where he was later appointed archipherecite (see Archipherecites). According to Brüll, he was active in causing...