JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations

Schulim Ochser, Ph.D.

(Office Editor), Rabbi, New York City.

Contributions:
REGENBOGEN, BARTHEL – German meistersinger of the latter part of the thirteenth century; lived as a smith at Mayence. He was remarkable for his intense hatred of the Jews, and endeavored to convert them by interweaving Christian dogmas in his poetry,...
REHFUSS, CARL – German educationist; born in 1792 at Altdorf-im-Breisgau; died in 1842 at Heidelberg. From 1809 to 1816 he occupied the position of teacher in schools at Gailingen, on the Lake of Constance, at Basel, and at Bühl, near Rastadt....
REPHIDIM – Place on the edge of the desert of Sin, where the children of Israel encamped after crossing that desert. The people suffered there from lack of water; they complained, and Moses smote water from the rock. Moses named the place...
RESH KALLAH – The highest officer, except the president, in the academies of Sura and Pumbedita. In each of the two schools there were seven "reshe kallah," who sat in the first row (called "daraḳamma"), facing the gaon. According to the...
REZIN – Last king of the Damascene dynasty; slain in 732 B.C. With Pekah, King of Israel, he planned a campaign against Ahaz, King of Judah (734; II. Kings xvi. 5; Isa. vii. 1-8). The two kings feared Tiglath-pileser, King of Assyria;...
RIQUETTI, JOSEPH SHALLIṬ BEN ELIEZER – Scholar of the seventeenth century. He spent his youth at Safed, and subsequently settled at Verona. There in 1646 he published Gerondi's book "Yiḥus ha-Ẓaddiḳim." He then published at Amsterdam a map of Palestine under the...
ROBBIO, MORDECAI – Talmudist of the seventeenth century; lived probably in northern Italy. Under the title "Shemen ha-Mor" he wrote responsato the four ritual codices, with an appendix consisting of "exhortations" to his son (Leghorn,...
RÖDELHEIM – Prussian town near Frankfort-on-the-Main. A Jewish community existed there probably as early as the middle of the thirteenth century, for it appears from the municipal archives that the legal status of the Jews was determined as...
ROEDELSHEIM, ELEAZAR SUSSMANN B. ISAAC – Dutch scholar, probably of German descent; lived in the first half of the eighteenth century. He was the author of the following works: "Mohar Yisrael," comprising a Hebrew grammar and a Dutch-Hebrew and Hebrew-Dutch dictionary,...
ROFE, DANIEL B. SAMUEL B. DANIEL HA-DAYYAN – Italian physician of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries; lived at Pisa and Perugia. He devoted much time to the study of the Arabic writers on medicine, especially Ibn Sina. His "Eben Pinnah" (Paris MSS. No. 307) was copied...
ROFE, DANIEL B. SOLOMON – Italian physician and scholar of the fifteenth century; born at Fano. References to him occur under date of 1430, 1448, and 1470. He was the author of: a super-commentary on Ibn Ezra, which work was formerly in the possession of...
ROME – Early Settlement in Rome. Capital in ancient times of the Roman republic and empire; in modern times, of the papal dominions and of the kingdom of Italy. Jews have lived in Rome for over 2,000 years, longer than in any other...
ROMI, DANIEL B. JEHIEL – Scholar and poet of the tenth and eleventh centuries; probably a brother of R. Nathan, author of the "'Aruk." He wrote a commentary on the treatise Zera'im and a "yoẓer" in twenty-two verses for the Sabbath Ḥanukkah, in which he...
ROSEN, JOSEPH B. ISAAC – Ab bet din and, subsequently, rabbi in Russia; born in the first half of the nineteenth century at Horodok, near Pinsk; died Jan. 12, 1885 (Ṭebet 25). His father destined him for a commercial career, but the youth preferred to...
ROSENTHAL, ELIEZER (LAZAR) – German bibliographer and owner of a famous collection of books at Hanover; born April 13, 1794, at Nasielsk, in the government of Plock, Russia; died Aug. 7, 1868, at Hanover. His library became known in Germany as early as the...
ROTHENBURG – Early Mention. Town of Middle Franconia, Bavaria, situated on the Tauber, 41 miles west of Nuremberg. Jews must have been settled there as early as the beginning of the twelfth century, since a Jew of Rothenburg is mentioned in...
SABA – A word derived from the root , "to be white, old"; used in the Talmud with various meanings:(a) It designates an old man or old woman in general, as in the saying "an old man ["saba"] in the house means ruin, but an old woman...
SABINUS – 1. Roman procurator; treasurer of Augustus. After Varus had returned to Antioch, between Easter and Pentecost of the year 4 B.C., Sabinus arrived at Cæsarea, having been sent by Augustus to make an inventory of the estate left...
SACHS, MICHAEL JEHIEL – German rabbi; born at Glogau Sept. 3, 1808; died in Berlin Jan. 31, 1864. He was educated in the University of Berlin, taking the degree of Ph.D. in 1836. In the same year he was called to Prague, where he officiated as preacher...
SAHL BEN MAẒLIAḤ HA-KOHEN AL-MU'ALLIM ABU AL-SARI – Karaite philosopher and writer; born at Jerusalem 910. He belonged to the Rechabites, and was one of the apostles of the Karaites who traveled extensively to win new adherents for Karaism and thereby strengthen the failing faith...
SAMMTER, ASHER – German rabbi; born at Derenburg, near Halberstadt, Jan. 1, 1807; died at Berlin Feb. 5, 1887. From 1837 to 1854 he was rabbi and preacher in Liegnitz, Prussian Silesia, where he introduced German preaching and confirmation; from...
SAMUEL (SANWEL) BEN AARON BENJAMIN – Scribe at Worms in the seventeenth century. After the fire of 1689 (Lewysohn, "Nafshot Ẓaddiḳim," p. 73, Frankfort-on-the-Main, 1855) he left Worms and settled in Hamburg. He was the author of "Ḥidah Mezuḳḳaḳah u-Ẓerufah," a...
SAMUEL BEN ABBA – Palestinian amora of the latter half of the third century. Although a pupil of Johanan, he did not receive ordination (Yer. Bik. 65c). He declined to permit Hela and Jacob to do him honor by rising before him (ib.). He appears...
SAMUEL BEN ABBAHU – Babylonian amora of the fourth century. He engaged in a ritual controversy with R. Aḥai in regard to the use of the Circassian goat as food. Samuel was disposed to permit it to be eaten, but R. Aḥai opposed him. Finally it...
SAMUEL IBN ABUN B. YAḤYA – Arabo-Jewish poet of the eleventh century; great-grandfather of Samuel ibn Nazar and a contemporary of Moses ibn Ezra. A poem of his with the acrostic was edited from the fourth section of the Oran Maḥzor by Luzzatto in "Kerem...