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Schulim Ochser, Ph.D.

(Office Editor), Rabbi, New York City.

Contributions:
SAMUEL BEN ALEXANDER OF HALBERSTADT – German rabbi and scientist; perhaps a resident of Frankfort-on-the-Oder; died July 6, 1707. He was the author of "Peri Megadim," an alphabetical index to Shulḥan 'Aruk, Ḥoshen Mishpaṭ (Frankfort-on-the-Oder, 1691).Bibliography:...
SAMUEL BEN AMMI – Palestinian amora of the beginning of the fourth century. He is known through his controversies with other scholars. He contended, for instance, that II Chron. xiii. 17 should be interpreted as meaning that King Abijah of Judea...
SAMUEL BAR ASHER – Martyr; lived at Neuss, Rhenish Prussia, in the eleventh century. According to Salomon ben Simeon, he, with his two sons, was murdered on St. John's Day (June 24), 1096. Samuel and one of his sons were buried on the river-bank,...
SAMUEL IBN ḤAYYIM – Medieval liturgical poet; the time and place of his birth are unknown. He composed eighty-two liturgical poems, of which the four mentioned last by Zunz in his addenda are intended for the Simḥat Torah festival. Twice the author...
SAMUEL ḤAYYIM OF SALONICA – Maternal grandson of Samuel of Modena; lived in Salonica during the sixteenth century. He wrote "Bene Shemu'el," a collection of novellæ on Ṭur Ḥoshen Mishpaṭ, as well as on Hilkot Yom-Ṭob and Ta'arubot. Sixty-three responsa by...
SAMUEL BEN JONAH – Palestinian amora of the fourth century. He is perhaps identical with Samuel ben Inijah or Inia ( ). Samuel ben Jonah once gave an opinion concerning Samuel ben Naḥman's system of calculating the advent of the new moon (Pesiḳ....
SAMUEL BEN JOSE BEN BUN (ABUN) – Palestinian amora of the fourth century, in whose time the Jerusalem Talmud is said to have been arranged and completed by his father, Jose. Some of his sayings have been preserved in Yer. R. H. i. 5; Ber. i. 6; Soṭah ix. 5; and...
SAMUEL BEN JUDAH – Scholar and head of the Jewish community at Lemberg. He suffered martyrdom in a terrible form outside the city on the 8th of Iyyar (a Sabbath), 1667.Bibliography: Buber, Anshe Shem, p. 211.E. C. S. O.
SAMUEL BEN KALONYMUS HA-ḤAZZAN – Leader of the congregation at Erfurt in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. He is sometimes, but erroneously, referred to as Samuel de Aphota Dicti Dovlin. He wrote a number of piyyuṭim, including five for Sabbath weddings,...
SAMUEL HA-KOHEN DI PISA – Portuguese scholar of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. He wrote a commentary on the difficult passages in Ecclesiastes and the Book of Job, discussing in it the immortality of the soul and the question as to whether Job...
SAMUEL BEN MARTA – Palestinian amora of the third century. The word "mishkan," twice occurring in Ex. xxxviii. 21, is explained by him as having reference to the fact that the sanctuary was twice confiscated as a pledge ("mashkon"; i. e., the...
SAMUEL B. MEÏR (RaSHBaM) – French exegete of Ramerupt, near Troyes; born about 1085; died about 1174; grandson of Rashi on his mother's side, and eldest son of the family. He was a pupil of his grandfather, and was at first an adherent of haggadic...
SAMUEL BEN NAḤMAN (NAḤMANI) – Relations with Diocletian. Palestinian amora; born at the beginning of the third and died at the beginning of the fourth century. He was a pupil of R. Jonathan ben Eleazar (Pes. 24a) and one of the most famous haggadists of his...
SAMUEL HA-NASI – Exilarch in Bagdad, probably between 773 and 816. Until recently his existence was known only from a difficult passage in a manuscript, part of which is printed in the "Maẓref la-Ḥokmah." This states that the pious had taken the...
SAMUEL BEN NATHAN – Amora of the early part of the fourth century, He appears mostly as the transmitter of the sayings of Ḥama b. Ḥanina (Shab. 38a. note; Yer. Shab. 5d). On one occasion Ḥama b. Ḥanina transmits a tradition of Samuel concerning his...
SAMUEL BEN NATHAN – Liturgical poet of the fourteenth century; place of birth and residence unknown. He was the author of three prayers, and is sometimes mentioned in manuscripts by the name of Rabanu ( ).Bibliography: Zunz, Literaturgesch. p....
SAMUEL PHOEBUS BEN NATHAN FEITEL – Austrian historiographer; lived in Vienna in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. He was the author of "Ṭiṭ ha-Yawen," describing the horrible excesses perpetrated in the Cossacks' Uprising under Bogdan Chmielnicki in the...
SAMUEL SCHMELKA BEN ḤAYYIM SHAMMASH – Preacher and actuary of the rabbinate of Prague under Ephraim Solomon of Lencziza in the second half of the sixteenth century. He was the author of the following works: "Perush al ha-Masoret," a supplement to Elijah Levita's...
SAPHIR, JACOB – Rabbi and traveler of Rumanian descent; born in 1822 at Oshmiany, government of Wilna; died in Jerusalem 1886. While still a boy he went to Palestine with his parents, who settled at Safed; and at their death (in 1836) he...
SARAVAL – Family of scholars, of whom the following deserve special mention:Abraham b. Judah Löb Saraval: Flourished in the sixteenth century. He was the author of a commentary on the "Ma'amadot." The second edition of his commentary is...
SASSLOWER, JACOB KOPPEL BEN AARON – Russian Masorite of the seventeenth century; lived in Zaslav, government of Volhynia. He wrote "Naḥalat Ya'aḳob" (Sulzbach, 1686), on the accentuations of the Decalogue in Ex. xx. 1-18 for Sabbaths and Pentecost respectively,...
SAXON DUCHIES – The four Saxon duchies are those of Saxe-Altenburg, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Saxe-Meiningen, and Saxe-Weimar.Saxe-Altenburg: Duchy in Thuringia; an independent division of the German empire. It has a total population of 194,914, of...
SAXONY – Kingdom of the German empire. Jews are reported to have appeared in Saxony before the year 1000, in the train of the Lombards, settling principally in the cities of Merseburg, Naumburg, Torgau, and Meissen (B. Lindau, "Gesch....
SCHIFF – Family of Frankfort-on-the-Main, Germany. The earliest known member, Jacob Kohen Ẓedeḳ Schiff, who is mentioned on the tombstone of his son, Uri Phoebus, as having discharged the function of dayyan at Frankfort-on-the-Main, must...
SCHMIEDL, ADOLF – Austrian rabbi and scholar; born at Prossnitz, Moravia, Jan. 26, 1821. He held the office of rabbi at Gewitsch, Moravia, from 1846 to 1849, during which time he contributed to the journals "Kokebe Yiẓḥaḳ" and "Der Orient." In...