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Wilhelm Bacher, Ph.D.

Professor, Jewish Theological Seminary, Budapest, Hungary.

Contributions:
SIMEON B. JAKIM – Palestinian amora of the third generation: pupil of R. Johanan, to whom he often addressed scholarly questions (Yer. 'Orlah i. 60d; Yer. B. B. 16b), and contemporary of R. Eliezer. He was a prominent teacher and was considered...
SIMEON B. JEHOZADAK – Palestinian amora of the first generation; probably the teacher of Johanan, who has transmitted several halakic sayings of his (R. H. 34b; Yoma 43b; 'Ab. Zarah 47a; Ned. 45a; Niddah 10b; Ta'an. 28b). Simeon lived to be very old,...
SIMEON B. JOSE B. LEḲONYA – Tanna of the fourth generation; contemporary of R. Judah ha-Nasi I. He was the brother-in-law of Eleazar b. Simeon, whose son he educated and instructed in the Torah (B. M. 85a). Only a few of his halakic sentences have been...
SIMEON BEN JOSEPH OF LUNEL – Talmudist of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. His Provençal name was En Duran. He was a native of Perpignan, and lived successively at Montpellier, at Lunel, and, after the banishment of the Jews in 1306, at Aix. He is...
SIMEON B. JUDAH – Tanna of the fourth generation; a native of Kefar 'Ikos (comp. on this name H. Hildesheimer, "Beiträge zur Geographie Palästinas," pp. 12, 81, Berlin, 1886). He is mentioned almost exclusively as a transmitter of the sentences...
SIMEON BEN JUDAH HA-NASI I. – One of the teachers during the transition period between the Tannaim and the Amoraim. He was the younger son of Judah, and although far more learned than his brother Gamaliel, his father had intended that he should become ḥakam...
SIMEON THE JUST – Confusion as to Identity. High priest. He is identical either with Simeon I. (310-291 or 300-270 B.C.), son of Onias I., and grandson of Jaddua, or with Simeon II. (219-199 B.C.), son of Onias II. Many statements concerning him...
SIMEON OF ḲIṬRON – Tanna of whom only one haggadic saying has been preserved. This is to the effect that it was on account of the bones of Joseph, which the Israelites brought with them out of Egypt, that the sea opened before them (Mek.,...
SIMEON B. LAḲISH – His Teachers. One of the two most prominent Palestinian amoraim of the second generation (the other being his brother-in-law and halakic opponent R. Johanan); born c. 200; died c. 275. Nothing is known of his ancestry except his...
SIMEON B. MENASYA – Tanna of the fourth generation, and contemporary of R. Judah ha-Nasi I., with whom he engaged in a halakic discussion (Beẓah 21a). He and Jose b. Meshullam formed a society called "Ḳehala Ḳaddisha" (the Holy Community), because...
SIMEON OF MIZPAH – Tanna of the first generation; contemporary of R. Gamaliel I., together with whom he went to the bet din in the hall of hewn stone in order to learn a decision regarding the corner of the field ("pe'ah"; Pe'ah ii. 6). He is said...
SIMEON BEN NANOS – Tanna of the second generation; contemporary of R. Ishmael and R. Akiba, with whom he often engaged in halakic discussions. He is often mentioned merely by the name "Ben Nanos." He acquired a high reputation on account of his...
SIMEON B. NETHANEEL – Tanna of the first generation; pupil of R. Johanan b. Zakkai (Ab. ii. 8), and son-in-law of R. Gamaliel I. (Tosef., 'Ab. Zarah, iii. 10). He belonged to a noble priestly family; and his teacher, R. Johanan b. Zakkai, praised him...
SIMEON HA-PAḲOLI – Tanna of the second generation; contemporary of R. Gamaliel II. at Jabneh. He arranged the eighteen benedictions of the daily prayer (Shemoneh 'Esreh) in the sequence in which they have been handed down (Ber. 28a). The name...
SIMEON B. PAZZI – Palestinian amora of the third generation. In Palestine he was called merely "Simon," this being the Greek form of his Hebrew name "Shim'on," but in Babylon he was generally called by his full name, Shim'on b. Pazzi. According...
SIMEON BEN HA-SEGAN – Tanna of the second generation. Some halakic sayings of his have been preserved in the Mishnah, all of which have been transmitted by Simeon ben Gamaliel (Sheḳ. viii. 5; Ket. ii. 8; Men. xi. 9). He is perhaps identical with...
SIMEON BEN SHEṬAḤ – Vicissitudes Under Alexander Jannæus. Teacher of the Law and president of the Sanhedrin during the reigns of Alexander Jannæus and his successor, Queen Alexandra (Salome). Simeon was a brother of the queen (Ber. 48a), and on...
SIMEON SHEZURI – Tanna of the second generation and pupil of R. Ṭarfon (Men. 31a; Tosef., Demai, v. 22). He was called "Shezuri" after his native place, Shizur, which is probably identical with Saijur, west of Kafr 'Anan (comp. Neubauer, "G. T."...
SIMEON OF SHIḲMONA – Tanna of the second generation and pupil of Akiba. He was anative of Shiḳmona, a locality in the vicinity of Mt. Carmel (see Neubauer, "G. T." p. 197). Only three sentences of his, exegetic ones, have been preserved. They were...
SIMEON B. ṬARFON – Tanna of the second generation. Four exegetic sentences by him have been preserved: (1) "Ex. xxii. 11, 'Then shall an oath of the Lord be between them,' means that the person taking the oath and the one who causes him to do so...
SIMEON OF TEMAN – Tanna of the second generation. He disputed with R. Akiba on a halakic sentence deduced from Ex. xxi. 18 (Tosef., Sanh. xii. 3; B. Ḳ. 90b). He was in collegial relations with R. Judah b. Baba (Beẓah 21a; Tosef., Beẓah, ii. 6)....
SIMEON B. YANNAI – Palestinian amora of the third century. He transmits a halakic saying of his father's which he had received from his sister, who had heard it uttered (Yer. Shab. 14b, 15d). Some of Simeon's haggadic explanations of Scriptural...
SIMEON B. ZABDAI (ZEBID) – Palestinian amora of the third century; teacher of the son of Assi (Yer. Shab. 9a). A few of his interpretations of Scriptural passages have been preserved. Referring to II Chron. xxx., he assigns as the reason for the postponed...
SIMḤAH B. SAMUEL OF VITRY – Compiles the Vitry Maḥzor. French Talmudist of the eleventh and twelfth centuries; died in 1105. He was a pupil of Rashi and the compiler of the Vitry Maḥzor ( ), which contains decisions and rules concerning religious practise,...
SIMḤAT TORAH – Name given to the second day of Shemini 'Aẓeret; it falls on the 23d of Tishri and closes the Feast of Sukkot. The name was not used until a relatively late time. In the Talmud (Meg. 31a),where the hafṭarah for this feast-day is...