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M. Seligsohn,

Diplomé of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Paris, France; now New York City.

Contributions:
GORDON, LEON (JUDAH LÖB BEN ASHER) – Accused of Treason. Leon Gordon.Russian Hebrew writer and poet; born at Wilna Dec. 7, 1831; died at St. Petersburg Sept. 16, 1892. He graduated in 1853 from the rabbinical seminary of Wilna, becoming teacher of Hebrew in the...
GRACIAN – A prominent Spanish Jewish family descended from Judah ben Barzilai, the members of which, are known to have lived chiefly at Barcelona from the thirteenth to the sixteenth century. Most of the members used the name "Ḥen"; one...
GRACIAN, SHEALTIEL (ḤEN) – Rabbi of Barcelona; flourished in the beginning of the thirteenth century. During the lifetime of R. Nissim Gerondi, Shealtiel Gracian was rabbi of Fraga, Spain. Owing to his great learning, he was nominated rabbi at Alcala, and...
GRACIAN, SOLOMON BEN MOSES (ḤEN) – Talmudist of Barcelona; lived at the end of the thirteenth and beginning of the fourteenth centuries; died in 1307. He was one of the synod that signed with R. Solomon b. Adret the decree of excommunication against Maimonides'...
GRACIAN, ZERAHIAH BEN ISAAC BEN SHEALTIEL (ḤEN) – Physician, philosopher, translator, Hebraist; flourished about the end of the thirteenth century; born either at Barcelona or at Toledo. Confounded with Zerahiah b. Isaac ha-Levi Saladin, a translator. Zerahiah went to Rome...
GRAPE – The fruit of the grape-vine. The general Hebrew term for ripe grapes when not in clusters is (Gen. xl. 10-11), and of grapes in clusters, (Num. xiii. 23). There are other terms for different kinds of grapes and for grapes in...
GREGORY BAR HEBRÆUS – Jacobite Syrian historian, physician, philosopher, and theologian; born at Malatia, Asiatic Turkey, 1226; died at Maragha, Persia, 1286. Gregory first studied medicine under his father, Aaron, a Jewish physician who embraced...
GUMPERZ, AARON SOLOMON – German scholar and physician; born Dec. 10, 1723; died 1769. In March, 1751, Gumperz graduated as M.D. from the University of Frankfort-on-the-Oder, his dissertation being "Ueber die Temperamente." He was the first Prussian Jew...
GUNI – 1. A son of Naphtali (Gen. xlvi. 24; I Chron. vii. 13), and founder of the family of the Gunites (Num. xxvi. 48). In Hebrew, "Guni" is used for the individual and for the family. 2. A descendant of Gad, and the father of Abdiel,...
GÜNZBURG, BENJAMIN WOLF – Polish physician; Talmudic scholar of the eighteenth century. Contrary to the custom of the Polish Talmudists of that time, Günzburg turned his mind to the study of secular sciences. He studied medicine in the University of...
GÜNZBURG, GABRIEL JACOB BEN NAPHTALIHIRZ – Lithuanian financier and philanthropist; born at Wilna about 1793; died at Simferopol, Crimea, May 2, 1853. After Günzburg had been married at Vitebsk, he settled at Kamenetz-Podolsk. But his business was distributed over many...
GÜUNZBURG, JOSEPH YOZEL BEN GABRIEL JACOB – Russian financier and philanthropist; born 1812; died at Paris Jan. 12, 1878. Having acquired great wealth during the Crimean war, Günzburg established a banking firm at St. Petersburg. There he began to labor on behalf of the...
GÜNZBURG, MORDECAI AARON BEN JUDAH ASHER – Russian Hebrew writer; born at Salanty, government of Kovno, Dec. 3, 1795; died at Wilna Nov. 5, 1846. Having studied Hebrew and Talmud under his father, he continued their study at Shavly, until 1816, under his father-in-law....
GÜNZBURG-ULMA, SIMON BEN ELIEZER – German scholar; communal worker; born at Günzburg, Bavaria, 1506; died at Burgau Jan. 9, 1585. He was the first who adopted and transmitted to his descendants the name "Günzburg" as a family name. He was a rich merchant, and...
HAAS, SOLOMON BEN JEKUTHIEL – Moravian rabbi of the first half of the nineteenth century. Haas was successively dayyan at Holleschau and rabbi of Strassnitz, Moravia. He was the author of "Kerem Shelomoh," novellæ on the Shulḥan 'Aruk, Oraḥ Ḥayyim, Yoreh...
HABAIAH – Head of a family of priests who returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel; not being able to prove their genealogy, they were excluded from the priesthood (Ezra ii. 61; Neh. vii. 63). In I Esd. v. 38 the name is given as "Obdia."E....
HABAZINIAH – The head of a family of Rechabites. His grandson Jaazaniah was a chief of the Rechabites in the time of Jeremiah (Jer. xxxv. 3).E. G. H. M. Sel.
ḤABIB, JOSEPH IBN – Spanish Talmudist; flourished in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Like his predecessor, R. Nissim b. Reuben (RaN), Ibn Ḥabib wrotea commentary on the halakot of Isaac Alfasi, entitled "Nimmuḳe Yosef," published with the...
ḤABIB, LEVI BEN JACOB IBN – Rabbi of Jerusalem; born at Zamora, Spain, about 1480; died at Jerusalem about 1545. Under King Manuel of Portugal, and when about seventeen, he was compelled to submit to baptism, but at the first opportunity fled to Salonica,...
HACHILAH, HILL OF – A hill in the wooded country of the wilderness of Ziph, where David hid himself from Saul (I Sam. xxiii. 19; xxvi. 1, 3).E. G. H. M. Sel.
HACHMONI, THE SON OF – 1. Jashobeam, one of David's mighty men (I Chron. xi. 11). 2. Jehiel, tutor of David's children (ib. xxvii.32). The former, however, occurs in the English Authorized Version as "an Hachmonite." In the parallel list of II Sam....
HADAD – Name of several Idumean kings, the meaning of which is "a loud noise." It was primitively the name of an Aramean divinity and formed a part of various Aramean theophorous names, as "Hadadrimmon" and "Hadadezer." The name was...
HADADEZER – Son of Rehob, and King of Aram-zobah, who, while he was on his way to establish his dominion on the Euphrates, was defeated by David, suffering great loss in chariots, horses, and men (II Sam. viii. 3-12; I Chron. xviii. 3, 4; I...
HADASSI, JUDAH BEN ELIJAH HAABEL – Contents of the "Eshkol." Karaite scholar, controversialist, and liturgist; flourished at Constantinople in the middle of the twelfth century. Regarding the name "ha-Abel," which signifies "mourner for Zion," see Abele Zion....
ḤADDAD, ISAAC – Talmudic scholar of Gerba (an island near Tunis), where he died in 1755. He was a pupil of Ẓemaḥ ha-Kohen, and was the author of two works, "Toledot Yiẓḥaḳ," novellæ on Haggadah and Midrashim (Leghorn, 1761), and "Ḳarne Re'em,"...