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M. Seligsohn,

Diplomé of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Paris, France; now New York City.

Contributions:
HADID – City mentioned with Lod and Ono (Ezra ii. 33; Neh. vii. 37; xi. 34, 35). From the last-given passage it would seem that Hadid was a Benjamite town, though it is not given in the list in Joshua (xviii. 21-28). An "Adida"...
ḤADIDA, ABRAHAM BEN JUDAH – Spanish Talmudist of the fifteenth century. He was the author of a commentary (unpublished) to Ecclesiastes, Esther, and the Haggadah ("Cat. De Rossi," No. 177). He is quoted in the Responsa of Joseph di Trani (i., No....
HADLAI – An Ephraimite; father of Amasa, who was one of the chiefs of his tribe in the time of Pekah (II Chron. xxviii. 12).E. G. H. M. Sel.
HADORAM – 1. Son of Joktan; progenitor of one of the Arabian tribes (Gen. x. 27; I Chron. i. 21). 2. Son of Tou, King of Hamath; sent by his father to congratulate David after his victory over Hadadezer, bearing presents in gold, silver,...
HAGAB – Family of Nethinim, which returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel (Ezra ii. 46). In I Esd. v. 30 the name is given as "Agaba."E. G. H. M. Sel.
HAGABA, HAGABAH – Family of Nethinim, which came back from captivity with Zerubbabel (Ezra ii. 45; Neh. vii. 48). In I Esd. v. 29 the name is given as "Graba."E. G. H. M. Sel.
HAGAR, HAGRIM – Names used by Jewish medieval writers to designate Hungary and the Hungarians. The expression "Ereẓ Hagar" occurs in Rashi on Yoma 11a, in a responsum of the French tosafist Isaac b. Abraham (died about 1200), and in the...
HAGARENES, HAGARITES – A nomadic people dwelling in the east of Palestine, against whom the tribe of Reuben was victorious in the time of Saul, seizing their tents and taking possession of their territory throughout the east of Gilead (I Chron. v....
HAGGERI – Father of Mibhar, one of David's chosen warriors (I Chron. xi. 38 [R. V. "Hagri"]). In the parallel list, II Sam. xxiii., the words "ben Hagri" (the son of Hagri) are changed to "Bani ha-Gadi" (Bani, the Gadite).E. G. H. M....
HAGGI – Second son of Gad and progenitor of the Haggites (Gen. xlvi. 16; Num. xxvi. 15). The name is the same for individual and for family.E. G. H. M. Sel.
HAIDA, MOSES BEN JOSEPH – German mathematician; lived at Hamburg in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He was a grandson of Samuel Haida, author of "Ziḳḳuḳin de-Nura." He was the author of "Sefer Ma'aseh Ḥarash we-Ḥosheb," an arithmetic, written...
HAIL – Frozen rain falling in pellets of various sizes and shapes. The Hebrew words for "hail" are: , the most usual term: (Ezek. xiii. 11, 13; xxxviii. 22); and (Ps. lxxviii. 47), the meaning of which is only conjectural. Hailstones...
HAKKOZ – 1. A priest, chief of the seventh course, appointed by David (I Chron. xxiv. 10). In this passage the ח is considered by the Septuagint to be the definite article, the name being "Ḳoẓ." 2. Progenitor of a post-exilic priestly...
HALBERSTADT, ABRAHAM, BEN MENKI – German Hebraist and Talmudic scholar; died at Halberstadt about 1780. His "Pene Abraham" (unpublished), a treatise on the most difficult halakot of the Talmud, shows him to have been an authority in Talmudic matters. Besides...
HALBERSTADT, MORDECAI – German rabbi; born at Halberstadt at the beginning of the eighteenth century; died at Düsseldorf about 1770. After studying at Frankfort-on-the-Main under Jacob ha-Kohen (1730), Halberstadt became teacher in the rabbinical...
HALÉVY (ḤALFAN), ÉLIE – French Hebrew poet and author; born at Fürth in 1760; died at Paris Nov. 5, 1826; father of Fromenthal and Léon Halévy. At an early age Halévy went to Paris, where he became cantor. His knowledge of the Talmud and his poetical...
ḤALFAN, URI SHERAGA PHOEBUS BEN ELIEZER MANNELES – Rabbi of Ungarisch-Brod, Moravia, in the first half of the eighteenth century. He was the author of a work entitled "Dat Esh," containing responsa and a commentary on the laws of Kilayim in Maimonides' code (Berlin, 1743). The...
ḤALFON, ABRAHAM BEN RAPHAEL – Rabbi of Tripoli, North Africa; died about 1803. He was the author of a work entitled "Ḥayye Abraham," a treatise on the ritual laws of Oraḥ Ḥayyim. and Yorch De'ah (Leghorn, 1826).Bibliography: Nepi-Ghirondi, Toledot Gedole...
HALTERN, JOSEPH – One of the Meassefim; died in Berlin Sept. 5, 1818 (1817, according to Philippson in "Allg. Zeit. des Jud." ii. 216). He wrote "Esther," a Hebrew adaptation of Racine's drama of the same name.Bibliography: Zeitlin, Bibl. Hebr....
HAM – Biblical Data: Second son of Noah (Gen. v. 32); mentioned second in the table of the nations (Gen. x. 6), where his descendants are given. In Gen. ix. 24 he appears as the youngest of Noah's sons, who treated his father with...
HAMADAN – Persian city; 160 miles west-southwest of Teheran. Hamadan is generally identified with the ancient Ecbatana, the Achmetha of the Bible, capital of Media Magna. It seems that the Jews settled there soon after its foundation and...
HAMAN THE AGAGITE – Biblical Data: Son of Hammedatha; chief minister of King Ahasuerus (Esth.iii.1-2). As his name indicates, Haman was a descendant of Agag, the king of the Amalekites. On account of his attempt to exterminate the Jews in the...
HAMAN THE AGAGITE – Biblical Data: Son of Hammedatha; chief minister of King Ahasuerus (Esth.iii.1-2). As his name indicates, Haman was a descendant of Agag, the king of the Amalekites. On account of his attempt to exterminate the Jews in the...
HAMATH – A city and district on the northern frontier of Palestine (Num. xiii. 22, xxxiv. 8; I Kings viii. 65; and elsewhere), situated at the foot of Mount Hermon (Josh. xiii. 5; Judges iii. 3). It is once called = "the great Hamath"...
HAMBURGER (HAMBURG), JACOB BEN MORDECAI WIENER – Chief rabbi of Prague; died Nov. 12, 1753. Hamburger was one of the rabbis who in 1725 signed the address to the Polish Jews warning them against the Shabbethaians. He was the author of a work entitled "Ḳol Ḳol Ya'aḳob,"...