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M. Seligsohn,

Diplomé of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Paris, France; now New York City.

Contributions:
– Second son of Canaan (Gen. x. 15; I Chron. i. 13) and, apparently, the progenitor of the Hittites. Heth's descendants are called "children of Heth" ("bene Ḥet"), and, in Abraham's time, are said to have lived at Hebron. From...
HETHLON – Place referred to in Ezekiel (xlvii. 15, xlviii. 1); situated on the northern boundary of Israel as ideally projected by that prophet, who stated the place to be in the neighborhood of Hamath and Zedad. Furrer (in "Z. D. P. V."...
HEZEKIAH – 1. King of Judah (726-697 B.C.).—Biblical Data: Son of Ahaz and Abi or Abijah; ascended the throne at the age of twenty-five and reigned twenty-nine years (II Kings xviii. 1-2; II Chron. xxix. 1). Hezekiah was the opposite of...
HEZEKIAH – 1. King of Judah (726-697 B.C.).—Biblical Data: Son of Ahaz and Abi or Abijah; ascended the throne at the age of twenty-five and reigned twenty-nine years (II Kings xviii. 1-2; II Chron. xxix. 1). Hezekiah was the opposite of...
HEZEKIAH – 1. King of Judah (726-697 B.C.).—Biblical Data: Son of Ahaz and Abi or Abijah; ascended the throne at the age of twenty-five and reigned twenty-nine years (II Kings xviii. 1-2; II Chron. xxix. 1). Hezekiah was the opposite of...
HEZEKIAH BEN JACOB – German rabbi and tosafist; martyred at Bacharach in 1283. He was an uncle and teacher of Meïr of Rothenburg and a pupil of Abraham Hladik, the Bohemian Talmudist. He succeeded his father in the rabbinate of Magdeburg; but, as a...
HEZIR – 1. A priest, chief of the seventeenth monthly course in the service; appointed by David (I Chron. xxiv. 15). 2. A layman, one of the heads of the people, who signed the covenant with Nehemiah (Neh. x. 20).E. G. H. M....
HEZRO – A native of Carmel, one of David's heroes (II Sam. xxiii. 35, R. V.; I Chron. xi. 37). The "ḳeri," however, in the former place is "Hezrai" ( ), which, according to Kennicott ("Dissertation," pp. 207-208), is the original form...
HEZRON – 1. Son of Reuben and founder of the family of the Hezronites (Gen. xlvi. 9; Ex. vi. 14; Num. xxvi. 6). 2. Son of Pharez and grandson of Judah, who was the direct ancestor of David (Gen. xlvi. 12; Ruth iv. 18). He had by his...
HIEL – A Bethelite who rebuilt Jericho in the reign of Ahab (I Kings xvi. 34). The curse pronounced by Joshua (vi. 26) was fulfilled in Hiel, namely: "He laid the foundation thereof in Abiram his first-born, and set up the gates...
HILKIAH – 1. High priest in the reign of Josiah (II Kings xxii. 4 et seq.). It is probable that he was the Hilkiah ben Shallum who figures in the genealogy of high priests in I Chron. v. 39 (A. V. vi. 13), and that he was, consequently,...
HILLEL BEN ELIAKIM – Greek Talmudist of the eleventh and twelfth centuries. He was a pupil of Rashi, and is mentioned by Mordecai b. Hillel (Haggahot on Giṭ. No. 466). Hillel wrote a commentary to Sifra in which he often quotes Rashi and Isaac b....
HILLEL BEN NAPHTALI HERZ – Lithuanian rabbi; born at Brest-Litovsk in 1615; died at Zolkiev Jan. 3, 1690. After he had studied under Hirsh Darshan, Hillel went to Wilna, where from 1650 to 1651 he was a member of the rabbinical college. He stayed at Wilna...
HIPPOS – One of the cities of the Decapolis in Palestine, the site of which is uncertain. For the identifications of the ancient geographers see Pliny ("Hist. Naturalis," v. 14, xv. 18), Josephus ("Vita," § 65), and Eusebius...
HIRAH – An Adullamite, the friend of Judah, at whose house the latter stopped after the sale of Joseph (Gen. xxxviii. 1). Hirah accompanied Judah when he went to Timnah to superintend the shearing of his sheep (ib. verse 12). He was...
HIRAM, HURAM – 1.—Biblical Data: King of Tyre in the time of David and Solomon. After David had conquered Jerusalem, Hiram sent him cedar-wood and carpenters and masons so that he might build a house (II Sam. v. 11; I Chron. xiv. 1). Hiram was...
HIRAM, HURAM – 1.—Biblical Data: King of Tyre in the time of David and Solomon. After David had conquered Jerusalem, Hiram sent him cedar-wood and carpenters and masons so that he might build a house (II Sam. v. 11; I Chron. xiv. 1). Hiram was...
ḤISDA – Babylonian amora of the third generation; died in 620 of the Seleucidan era (= 308-309; Sherira Gaon, in Neubauer, "M. J. C." i. 30; in 300, according to Abraham ibn Daud, "Sefer ha-Ḳabbalah," in Neubauer, l.c. p. 58), at the...
HIVITES – One of the Canaanitic nations dispossessed by the children of Israel (Gen. x. 17; Ex. xxiii. 23, 28; et al.). In the Hebrew text the name occurs only in the singular; its meaning is, according to Gesenius, "the villager" (comp....
ḤIYYA GABRIEL – Turkish Talmudist; lived at Safed in the seventeenth century. Wolf ("Bibl. Hebr." iii., No. 595) and Fuuml;rst ("Bibl. Jud." i. 173) call him "Ḥiyya ben Gabriel." He was the author of a work called "Seder Zemannim," a calendar...
ḤIYYA B. GAMMADA – Palestinian amora of the fourth generation (3d and 4th cent.). His principal teacher was Jose b. Saul, in whose name Ḥiyya transmitted several halakot (M. Ḳ. 22a; R. H. 24a, 30a); but he was also a pupil of Jose b. Ḥanina (Soṭah...
ḤIYYA ḲARA – Palestinian scholar of the third and fourth centuries. He was a pupil of Samuel b. Naḥman, in whose name he asserted that since the destruction of the Temple neither good wine nor white earthenware could be obtained (Lam. R. iv....
ḤIYYA B. MERIA – Palestinian amora of the fourth generation (3d and 4th cent.). Ḥiyya is mentioned only in the Jerusalem Talmud; he was the pupil of R. Jonah and R. Jose (Yer. Sheb. vi. 1; Yer. Ket. ix. 1; Yer. Sanh. i. 2; et al.). Ḥiyya...
ḤIYYA ROFE – Rabbi of Safed; died in 1620. Having studied Talmud under Solomon Sagis and Cabala under Ḥayyim Vital, Ḥiyya was ordained in accordance with the old system ("semikah") reintroduced into Palestine by Jacob Berab. In 1612 Ḥiyya...
ḤIYYA BEN SOLOMON ḤABIB – Spanish Talmudist of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries; a native of Barcelona. He was a contemporary of Solomon Adret, but the assertion of Gross that Ḥiyya was Adret's pupil is without foundation, for Ḥiyya never refers...