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M. Seligsohn,

Diplomé of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Paris, France; now New York City.

Contributions:
HUR – 1. Biblical Data: Man of Judah, the grandfather of Bezaleel, the chief artificer of the Tabernacle (Ex. xxxi. 2, xxxv. 30, xxxviii. 22). According to the fuller genealogy in I Chron. ii. 18-20, he was the first-born son of...
HUR – 1. Biblical Data: Man of Judah, the grandfather of Bezaleel, the chief artificer of the Tabernacle (Ex. xxxi. 2, xxxv. 30, xxxviii. 22). According to the fuller genealogy in I Chron. ii. 18-20, he was the first-born son of...
HUSHAI – Companion of David, generally called the Archite. When David was pursued by Absalom he sent Hushai to frustrate Absalom's plans. Hushai pretended adherence to the cause of Absalom, and his advice, preferred to that of...
ḤUYAYY IBN AKHṬAB – Chief of the Banu al-Nadir; executed at Medina March, 627. Ḥuyayy was a courageous warrior and the most inveterate enemy of Mohammed, so that Ibn Hisham, Mohammed's biographer, calls him "the enemy of Allah." He was also a...
IBN EZRA, SOLOMON BEN MOSES – Rabbi of Venice; flourished in the second half of the seventeenth century. He was a disciple of Joseph Escapa and wrote a preface to, and edited the second part of, the latter's "Rosh Yosef" (Smyrna, 1659). He also edited:...
IBN GHAYYAT, ISAAC BEN JUDAH – Spanish rabbi, Biblical commentator, philosopher, and liturgical poet; born at Lucena in 1038 (Graetz cites 1030); died at Cordova in 1089; buried at Lucena. According to some authorities he was the teacher of Isaac Alfasi;...
IBN GHAYYAT, JUDAH BEN ISAAC – Spanish Talmudist and Hebrew poet of the twelfth century. He was the author of a Hebrew translation, from the Arabic, of a casuistic dissertation of Isaac Alfasi on a passage of Shebu'ot. As a poet Judah ibn Ghayyat was held in...
IBN MALKAH, JUDAH BEN NISSIM – Spanish philosopher; flourished either in Spain or in Africa in the middle of the fourteenth century. He was imbued with Neoplatonic ideas, and he wrote from that standpoint an important philosophical work in Arabic in three...
IBN MATḲAH, JUDAH BEN SOLOMON HA-KOHEN – Spanish philosopher, astronomer, and mathematician; born at Toledo in 1215. On his mother's side he was the grandson of Ziza ibn Shushan. Although Ibn Matḳah was a pupil of Meïr Abulafia, an anti-Maimonist, and was greatly...
IBN MIGAS, ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC HA-LEVI – Spanish physician and rabbinical scholar; lived at Constantinople in the sixteenth century. He was court physician to Sulaiman the Great, and followed the latter's army into Syria. Several years after his return to...
IBN PULGAR, ISAAC BEN JOSEPH – Spanish philosopher, poet, and controversialist; flourished in the first half of the fourteenth century. Where he lived is not known, for though "Avilla" is given at the end of his translation of Al-Ghazali's "Maḳaṣid," the...
IBN SHU'AIB, BISHR (BASHAR) BEN PHINEHAS – Oriental mathematician; lived at the end of the tenth century. According to Hottinger ("Promptuarium," p. 96), the Arabic works of Ibn Shu'aib are often quoted by Arabic writers. In 997 the Jacobite Abu 'Ali 'Isa ibn Zara'ah...
IBN VERGA, JOSEPH – Turkish rabbi and historian; lived at Adrianople at the beginning of the sixteenth century; son of Solomon ibn Verga, author of "Shebeṭ Yehudah," who emigrated from Spain to Turkey as a Marano. Joseph was a pupil of Joseph Fasi,...
IBN VERGA, JUDAH – Spanish historian, cabalist, perhaps also mathematician, and astronomer, of the fifteenth century; born at Seville; martyred at Lisbon. He is supposed to have been the grandfather (by Carmoly, "Revue Orientale," ii. 98, the...
IBN VERGA, SOLOMON – Spanish historian and physician; lived in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. His relationship to Judah ibn Verga can not be determined; it is certain, however, that he was not the son of the latter, for he never refers to...
IBN WAḲAR, JOSEPH BEN ABRAHAM – Spanish cabalist and Talmudist; lived at Toledo in the fourteenth century. Moses Narboni, who began his commentary on the "Moreh" at Toledo in 1355, speaks of a discussion he had there with Ibn Waḳar (Commentary on the "Moreh,"...
IBN YA'ISH, BARUCH BEN ISAAC – Philosopher and translator of the fifteenth century; apparently a native of Spain, though he lived in Italy. Ibn Ya'ish, in addition to being a master of Hebrew, had a thorough knowledge of Arabic and Latin. His only original...
IBZAN – Judge of Israel for seven years after Jephthah; a native of Beth-lehem he had thirty sons and thirty daughters, and was buried in his native town (Judges xii. 8-10). As "Bethlehem" here is not followed by "Ephratah" or by...
IDDO – A seer ( ), or prophet ( ), whose prophecies were directed against Jeroboam (II Chron. ix. 29). In the Masoretic text his name occurs as (ketib) and (ḳeri). He is quoted also (ib.) as an authority on the lives of Solomon,...
IR-SHEMESH – A city of Dan, mentioned with Shaalabbin and Ajalon (Josh. xix. 41-42). Its parallel name in Judges (i 35, Hebr.) is "Har-Ḥeres" (the mountain of the sun). Some modern critics identify Ir-shemesh with Beth-shemesh, in Judah. See...
ISAAC – Member of the embassy sent in 797 by Charlemagne to Harun al-Rashid, calif at Bagdad, probably as interpreter for the ambassadors, who were the noblemen Sigismund and Landfried. Both died on their way back, and Isaac became the...
ISAAC BEN ASHER II. – Tosafist, apparently of the beginning of the thirteenth century. He is quoted by Mordecai b. Hillel (M. Ḳ No. 504), who adds that Isaac b. Asher died a martyr The same passage is also found in "Haggahot Maimuniyyot" ("Semaḥot,"...
ISAAC THE BLIND – French cabalist; flourished in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Isaac is considered the founder of the Cabala; or, rather, he transmuted the mysticism of the Geonim into the present form of the Cabala. He is therefore...
ISAAC BEN ELEAZAR HA-LEVI – German Talmudist and liturgical poet; flourished at Worms; died, according to Abraham Zacuto ("Yuḥasin ha-Shalem," p. 217), in 1070. Zunz says ("Literaturgesch." p. 155) that he died between 1070 and 1096. He was a pupil of R....
ISAAC BEN ELIAKIM OF POSEN – German moralist and author; lived in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. He was the author of "Leb Ṭob" (Prague, 1620), an ethical work in Judæo-German in twenty chapters. Its popularity may be judged from the fact that it...