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M. Seligsohn,

Diplomé of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Paris, France; now New York City.

Contributions:
ISAAC BEN ELIJAH SHENI (SHANI) – Turkish rabbi; lived at Constantinople in the first half of the sixteenth century. The name "Sheni" is followed by the letters , which Steinschneider ("Cat. Bodl." col. 1155) suggests should be read as , the initials of the...
ISAAC OF EVREUX – French rabbinical scholar and Biblical commentator; flourished in the thirteenth century. His authority was invoked by Mordecai (Giṭ. iv., No. 384; Ber. vi.), and by R. Perez in his glosses on the "Semaḳ" (No. 293). He is...
ISAAC BEN ḤAYYIM OF VOLOZHIN – Russian Talmudist; born at Volozhin, government of Wilna; died at Ivenitz, government of Minsk, June 16, 1849. Isaac was a distinguished Talmudist, owing to which fact he succeeded his father as headof the yeshibah of Volozhin....
ISAAC BEN JACOB HA-LABAN – Tosafist and liturgical poet; flourished at Prague in the twelfth century; the brother of the traveler Pethahiah of Regensburg. He was among the earliest of the tosafists ("ba'ale tosafot yeshanim"), a contemporary of R. Eleazar...
ISAAC HA-KOHEN OF OSTROG – Russian rabbi; lived in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. He was the author of a work entitled "Mattenot 'Ani," or "Ḳiẓẓur Mizraḥi," a compendium of Elijah Mizraḥi's commentary on Rashi, with notes (Prague,...
ISAAC BEN LEVI OF PROVENCE – French liturgical poet; flourished in the twelfth century. Among the piyyuṭim for New-Year's Day contained in the Maḥzor of Provence are some which indicate Isaac b. Levi as their author. Zunz ("Z. G." p. 466) supposes that...
ISAAC BEN LEVI BEN SAUL OF LUCENA – Spanish grammarian and liturgical poet; flourished in the first half of the eleventh century; a contemporary of Isaac Gikatilla and Isaac ibn Ḥalfon. Isaac is quoted under the name of "Isaac b. Saul" by Ibn Janaḥ in "Ha-Riḳmah"...
ISAAC BEN MORDECAI GERSHON – Talmudist of the fifteenth century. He was the author of "Shelom Ester," a commentary on the scroll of Esther (Constantinople, 15th cent.). Steinschneider, in Benjacob's "Oẓar ha-Sefarim" (p. 583, No. 679), attributes to the...
ISAAC BEN SAMUEL OF ACRE – Palestinian cabalist; flourished in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. According to Azulai ("Shem ha-Gedolim,"s.v.), he was a pupil of Naḥmanides. He was at Acre when that town was taken by Al-Malik al-Ashraf, and was...
ISAAC BEN SAMUEL HA-LEVI – Polish rabbi; born at Vladimir, government of Volhynia, Russia, about 1580; died before 1646. He was the elder brother and teacher of David b. Samuel ha-Levi, author of the "Ṭure Zabab." As a young man he became rabbi of Chelm,...
ISAAC BEN SAMUEL OF NARBONNE – French scholar; flourished in the first half of the twelfth century. He is quoted in an anonymous commentary to Chronicles, written at Narbonne before 1140, as having given the author verbal explanations of various verses—I...
ISAAC BEN SAMUEL HA-SEFARDI – Spanish Biblical exegete; flourished in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. From his commentary, which is written in Arabic, it seems that Isaac b. Samuel lived in Palestine; Steinschneider ("Hebr. Bibl." vi. 114) concluded that...
ISAAC BEN SAMUEL HA-ZAḲEN – French tosafist and Biblical commentator; flourished at Ramerupt and Dampierre in the twelfth century. He died, according to Grätz ("Gesch." vi. 210), about 1200; according to Gross ("Gallia Judaica," p. 161, and "R. E. J." vii....
ISAAC TYRNAU – Hungarian rabbi and ritualist; flourished in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. He was a pupil of Abraham Klausner of Vienna and of R. Shalom of Neustadt; one of his schoolfellows was Jacob Mölin (MaHaRiL). Grätz concluded...
ISAIAH BEN ABRAHAM – Polish rabbi of the seventeenth century; author of "Be'er Heṭeb," a commentary on Shulḥan 'Aruk, Oraḥ Ḥayyim, based upon the later casuists (Amsterdam, 1708). In the preface Isaiah asserts that he wrote a similar commentary to...
ISAIAH MENAHEM BEN ISAAC – Rabbi of Cracow; died Aug. 16, 1599. At first chief of the yeshibah of Szezebrscyn, government of Lublin, Poland, he was later called to the rabbinate of Vladimir, Volhynia. There he was one of the rabbis who signed the protest...
ISH-BOSHETH – Fourth and youngest son of Saul, and, as the sole male survivor in direct line of descent, his legitimate successor to the throne (II Sam. ii. 8 et seq.). His original name was "Esh-baal (= "man of ba'al" [then, Yhwh]; see I...
ISHMAEL – Biblical Data: Eldest son of Abraham by his concubine Hagar; born when Abraham was eighty-six years of age (Gen. xvi. 15, 16). God promised Abraham that His blessing should be upon Ishmael, who, He foretold, would beget twelve...
ISHMAEL BEN ḲIMḤIT (ḲAMḤIT [V06p650002.jpg]) – High priest under Agrippa I.; probably identical with Simon, son of Κάμιθος (or Κάμη), mentioned by Josephus ("Ant." xx. 1, §§ 3 et seq.). He is known as having had a hand so large that it could contain four cabs of flour (Yoma...
ISLAMI, 'ABD AL-ḤAḲḲ AḲ- – Jewish convert to Islam; lived at Ceuta, Morocco, in the first half of the fourteenth century. He wrote an Arabic work against the Jews in which the passages that he quotes from the Bible are given in Hebrew, transliterated in...
ISPAHAN – Traditional Founding. City in the district of Jabal, Persia, situated on the Zendarud. The Jews pretend to have founded Ispahan, saying that it was built by the captives whom Nebuchadnezzar transported thither after he had taken...
ISRAEL OF BAMBERG – Tosafist; flourished about the middle of the thirteenth century. He was a pupil of Samuel of Bamberg, to whose rabbinate he succeeded. Zunz ("Z. G." p. 40) supposes that Israel of Bamberg was the father of Jedidiah of Nuremberg,...
ISRAEL, ḤAYYIM ABRAHAM – Italian rabbi of the eighteenth century; lived at Candia and Ancona. He wrote: (1) "Bet Abraham" (Leghorn, 1786), a casuistical commentary on the Ṭur Ḥoshen Mishpaṭ and on the "Bet Yosef" thereto (at the end of the volume is a...
ISRAEL OF KREMS – Austrian rabbi; flourished in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. He was the great-grandfather of Israel ben Pethahiah Isserlein, who quotes him in his commentary on Rashi to the Pentateuch, section "Wayeḥi." Israel was the...
ISRAEL BEN MEÏR – Printer and author; lived at Prague in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He was the author of a work entitled "Hanhagot Yisrael," a treatise on the education of children, the first edition of which is anonymous...