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M. Seligsohn,

Diplomé of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Paris, France; now New York City.

Contributions:
JOSHUA BEN MORDECAI FALK HAKOHEN – American Talmudist; born at Brest-Kuyavsk, government of Warsaw, in 1799; died at Keokuk, Iowa, in 1864. While still a young man he settled in Kurnik, Prussia, and consequently he sometimes called himself "Joshua of Kurnik." In...
JOTAPATA – City in Galilee to the north of Sepphoris, strongly fortified by Josephus (Josephus, "Vita," § 37). In the Mishnah ('Ar. ix. 6, 32a) this city is called , styled "the Ancient," and is supposed to have been fortified by Joshua....
JUDAH – Biblical Data: The fourth son of Jacob and Leah; born in Padan-aram (Gen. xxix. 35). It is he who suggests the sale of Joseph to the Ishmaelite traders. He becomes surety for Benjamin, and prevails upon his father to let him go...
JUDAH ARYEH BEN ẒEBI HIRSCH – French Hebraist; flourished in the beginning of the eighteenth century; born in Krotoschin, Germany. He lived at Avignon and Carpentras, and is generally called after the latter town. He was the author of: "Ohole Yehudah"...
JUDAH BEN ASHER – German Talmudist; later, rabbi of Toledo, Spain; born in western Germany June 30, 1270; died at Toledo July 4, 1349; brother of Jacob ben Asher ("Ba'al ha-Ṭurim"). These dates are deduced from the evidence furnished by Judah's...
JUDAH BEN ELI – Karaite grammarian and liturgical poet; died at Jerusalem, where he was rosh yeshibah,in 932. He was the author of a grammatical work entitled "Me'or 'Enayim," in which he divided the Hebrew nouns into thirty-five classes (see...
JUDAH BEN ENOCH – Chief rabbi and preacher of Pfersee, Bavaria; lived at the end of the seventeenth century. His sermons for the festivals of Passover, Pentecost, and Tabernacles were published with those of his father, Enoch ben Abraham, under...
JUDAH LÖB BEN SIMEON – Rabbi and physician; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main about the middle of the seventeenth century; died at Mayence in 1714. He studied medicine and philosophy in Padua, where in 1674 he obtained the degree of doctor of medicine and...
JUDAS THE GALILEAN – Leader of a popular revolt against the Romans at the time when the first census was taken in Judea, in which revolt he perished and his followers were dispersed (Acts v. 37); born at Gamala in Gaulonitis (Josephus, "Ant." xviii....
ḲALA'I, BARUCH BEN SOLOMON – Rabbi of Sardokupis (Serai Keui?), Asia Minor; flourished at the beginning of the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Maḳor Baruk" (Smyrna, 1659), responsa arranged in the order of the four Ṭurim. This work was published...
ḲALA'I, SAMUEL BEN JOSEPH – Karaite scholar of Chufut-Kale, Crimea; died Feb. 17, 1754. He was the author of a work entitled "Me'il Shemuel," a commentary on Aaron ben Joseph's "Ha-Mibḥar." Ḳala'i did not live to finish the work, and it was completed...
KALISCHER, JEHIEL MICHAEL BEN ARYEH – Polish rabbi of the seventeenth century; died in 1713 at an advanced age. The name "Kalischer" indicates either that he was born in Kalisch, Poland, or that he acted as rabbi there. He was the author of: "Sha'are Ẓiyyon"...
KALISCHER, JUDAH LÖB BEN MOSES – German Talmudist; died April 18, 1822, at Lissa, where he was dayyan. Kalischer was the head of the yeshibah of Lissa for more than fifty years, during which time he had a great number of pupils. He wrote "Ha-Yad ha-Ḥazaḳah"...
KALISKER, ABRAHAM BEN ALEXANDER HA-KOHEN – Rabbi of Kaliska, Prussia, in the eighteenth century. Kalisker studied successively under Elijah Wilna and Bär of Meseritz, becoming a fervent leader of the Ḥasidic party. After the death of Bär of Meseritz, Kalisker settled...
ḲAMẒA – Two persons who, according to a Talmudic legend (Giṭ. 55b-56a), were the cause of the destruction of Jerusalem. A certain man, having prepared a banquet, sent an invitation by his servant to his friend Ḳamẓa. The servant, by a...
ḲARA, ABRAHAM BEN ABIGDOR – Bohemian chief rabbi, rosh yeshibah, and liturgist; died at Prague Oct. 7, 1542. He wrote a super-commentary on Rashi to the Pentateuch, mentioned by David Gans ("Ẓemaḥ Dawid," p. 44a); and glosses to the "Ṭur Oraḥ Ḥayyim" (see...
ḲARMION (ḲIRMION) – One of the four principal rivers of Palestine (Yer. Kil. ix. 5; Yer. Ket. xii. 3; B. B. 74b). Owing to its small tributaries, its water is turbid and consequently unfit for sacrificial use (Parah viii. 10; comp. Tos. to B. B....
ḲAṬṬINA – Babylonian amora of the second generation (3d cent.); known both as halakist and as haggadist. He was a pupil of Rab (Abba Arika); and his halakot are frequently mentioned in the Babylonian Talmud, as transmitted either by...
KATZENELLENBOGEN – An old, widely ramified family counting many rabbis among its members, who were and are still found in Italy, Poland, Germany, Alsace, and also in America. It derived its name from the locality of Katzenelnbogen in the Prussian...
KATZENELLENBOGEN – An old, widely ramified family counting many rabbis among its members, who were and are still found in Italy, Poland, Germany, Alsace, and also in America. It derived its name from the locality of Katzenelnbogen in the Prussian...
KAUDERS, SAMUEL JUDAH LÖB BEN DAVID – Bohemian rabbi; born at Prague about 1762; died there May 6, 1838. After having finished his studies in that city, he devoted his time to Talmudics without holding a rabbinical position. About 1810 he was called to Kaladei as...
KENAZ – 1. Son of Eliphaz, and grandson of Esau; one of the dukes of Edom (Gen. xxxvi. 11, 16, 42). His clan, called "the Kenizzite" ( ), is mentioned once only, after the Kenites (Gen. xv. 19). 2. A descendant of Judah, and father of...
KETURAH – Abraham's second wife, whom he married after the death of Sarah (Gen. xxv. 1; I Chron. i. 32). She was the ancestress of sixteen tribes, among which were Arabian and Midianite ones. In I Chron. i. 32 Keturah is called "the...
KEY – In Biblical times the key, as its Hebrew name indicates ("mafteaḥ" = "the opener"), was used chiefly to open the door which was locked by means of a bolt ("beriaḥ"). This bolt, like that used in the Orient to-day, had a number...
KHAIBAR – Fortified town of Arabia in the district of Hejaz, and four days' journey northwest of the city of Medina. In the time of Mohammed, the name "Khaibar" was borne by a whole province, which was inhabited by various Jewish tribes;...