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M. Seligsohn,

Diplomé of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Paris, France; now New York City.

Contributions:
LATTES (LATTAS) – Family that includes many scholars among its members. The name frequently occurs with the prefix "De" ( , ), and seems to have originated in Lattes, a little town near Béziers, France (Steinschneider, "Cat. Bodl." No....
LEATHER – Biblical Data: Skins of animals were employed for clothing as soon as man felt the need of covering his body to protect himself against cold and rain. With the advance of civilization such clothing was everywhere replaced by...
LEBANON – Name of a range of mountains in Syria. In prose, with the exception of IIChron. ii. 8 (Hebr.), the name is always written with the article, while in poetry it occurs as often without as with the article. The name (= "white") is...
LERMA, JUDAH BEN SAMUEL – Spanish Talmudist; flourished in the middle of the sixteenth century. He was the author of "Leḥem Yehudah," a commentary on Pirḳe Abot, and of "Derush 'al ha-Neshamah," a treatise on the soul, published together under the former...
LEVI – Biblical Data: Third son of Jacob by Leah and one of the twelve Patriarchs of the tribes of Israel; born at Padan-aram (Gen. xxix. 34, xxxv. 23; I Chron. ii. 1). The name is derived from (= "to be joined"; "Now this time will my...
LEVI, ABRAHAM – German traveler; born at Horn, in the principality of Lippe, in 1702; died at Amsterdam Feb. 1, 1785. At the age of five he was sent to Brog, near Lemgo, for the sake of his studies, and he stayed there till 1714, when he...
LEVI BEN GERSHON – French philosopher, exegete, mathematician, and physician; born at Bagnols in 1288; died April 20, 1344. Abraham Zacuto ("Yuḥasin," ed. Filipowski, p. 224) states that Levi died at Perpignan in 1370; but the exact date of his...
LEVI ISAAC BEN MEÏR – Russian rabbi of the first half of the nineteenth century. After having been rabbi at Selichow and Pinsk, Levi Isaac was called to the rabbinate of Berdychev, where he wrote "Ḳedushshat Lewi" (Berdychev, 1816), the first part of...
LEVI BEN LAḤMA – Palestinian haggadist of the third century. He seems to have been a pupil of Simeon ben Laḳish, whose haggadot he transmitted (Ber. 5a); but he transmitted some haggadot of Ḥama b. Ḥanina also (R. H. 29b; Zeb. 53b). Ta'an. 16a...
LEVI BEN SHEM-ṬOB – Portuguese convert; lived at the end of the fifteenth century; notorious for his hostility to his former coreligionists. According to Abraham b. Solomon of Torrutiel (Neubauer, "M. J. C." i. 113-114), it was Levi b. ShemṬob...
LEVI, SIMḤAH ARYEH BEN EPHRAIM FISCHEL – Russian Hebraist and author of the nineteenth century; born at Hrubieszow, government of Warsaw. He wrote a double commentary on Job, preceded by a preface and two poems (Lemberg, 1833); and "Dibre Purim" (Zolkiev, 1834), an...
LEVIN, HIRSCHEL BEN ARYEH LÖB – German rabbi; born at Rzeszow, Galicia, in 1721; died at Berlin Aug. 26, 1800. His father (known also as Saul Levin) was rabbi at Amsterdam; and on his mother's side Hirschel was a nephew of JacobEmden. Although he occupied...
LEVIN, JACOB – Galician Hebraist; born at Brody in 1844. In 1865 he became coeditor with Werber on the Hebrew paper "'Ibri Anoki," in which he published a series of articles on the position of the Jews in Russia before Alexander II. In 1880 he...
LEVIN, JOSHUA HöSCHEL BEN ELIJAH ZEEB – Lithuanian Talmudist and author; born at Wilna July 22, 1818; died at Paris Nov. 15, 1883. After studying Talmud and rabbinics under Elijah Kalischer, Levin settled in Volozhin, where he lectured on Talmud and wrote several...
LEWYSOHN, ABRAHAM – Hebraist and rabbi of Peiskretscham, Upper Silesia; born Dec. 6, 1805; died Feb. 14, 1860. He left a large number of manuscripts—several hundred sermons in Hebrew and German, novellæ on the Talmud, verses, a German work on...
LICHTENSTADT (LASH) – Bohemian Talmudist; lived at Prague in the first half of the nineteenth century. He was the author of "Shesh ha-Ma'arakah," a commentary on the six Mishnaic orders, each order having a separate title as follows: (1) "Derek...
LICHTSTEIN, ABRAHAM JEKUTHIEL SALMAN BEN MOSES JOSEPH – Rabbi of Plonsk, government of Warsaw, in the eighteenth century. He was the author of a work entitled "Zera' Abraham" (Dyhernfurth, 1811), a commentary on the Sifre, followed by Biblical and Talmudical indexes, and accompanied...
LIPMANN-MÜLHAUSEN, YOM-ṬOB BEN SOLOMON – His Attainments. Austrian controversialist, Talmudist, and cabalist of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. According to Bishop Bodecker of Brandenburg, who wrote a refutation of Lipmann's "Niẓẓaḥon," Lipmann lived at Cracow....
LIPSCHÜTZ (LÜPSCHÜTZ, LIPSCHITZ, LIBSCHITZ) – Name of a family of Polish and German rabbis; derived from "Liebeschitz," name of a town in Bohemia.Aryeh Löb Lipschütz: Austrian rabbi and author; lived in the second half of the eighteenth and in the first half of the...
LISKER, ABRAHAM BEN ḤAYYIM – Russian rabbi of the seventeenth century; native of Brest-Litovsk. After studying in the yeshibot of Lublin and Cracow, Lisker was called to the rabbinate of Rossiena, in the government of Kovno. He was the author of "Be'er...
LIVER – A glandular organ situated, in man, to the right beneath the diaphragm and above the stomach. In six passages of the Bible in which the liver is mentioned the expression is met with in reference to the part of the organ which...
LÖB ARYEH BEN MEÏR – Lithuanian rabbi; lived in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. His notes on Rashi and on Elijah Mizraḥi's commentaries on the Pentateuch were published, under the title "Ḥiddushe Maharsha" (Hanover, 1716), with Samuel...
LÖB ARYEH BEN TOBIAH – Lithuanian Talmudic scholar and printer; died at Wilna Oct. 24, 1812. He enjoyed great consideration in Wilna on account of his learning and of the assistance rendered by him to Talmudic students. He was the first (in...
LÖB BEN BARUCH BENDET – Rabbi of Byelostok, Russia, in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; author of "Sha'agat Aryeh" (Byelostok, 1805), novellæ on the treatise Makkot. The author quotes frequently his father's "Ner Tamid" (Grodno, 1789); and in...
LÖB HA-LEVI OF BRODY – Galician rabbi of the beginning of the nineteenth century; held office first at Podhajce, then at Brody. Among his contemporaries was Ephraim Zalman Margaliot, chief rabbi of Brody, in whose "Bet Efrayim" occurs a responsum of...