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M. Seligsohn,

Diplomé of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Paris, France; now New York City.

Contributions:
MALKI, EZRA BEN RAPHAEL – Rabbi of Rhodes in the seventeenth century; brother-in-law of Hezekiah de Silva, the author of "Peri Ḥadash." Malki was the author of "Malki ba-Ḳodesh" (Salonica, 1749). This work contains novellæ on the laws of Passover given...
MANASSEH – 1. The elder of two sons born before the famine to Joseph and Osnath, daughter of the priest of Heliopolis (Gen. xli. 50-51, xlvi. 20). Biblical etymology, deriving his name from (= "to forget"), makes it signify "He who causes...
MANNA – Biblical Data: The miraculously supplied food on which the Israelites subsisted in the wilderness. Its name is said to have originated in the question ("What is it?" Ex. xvi. 15, R. V.; comp. Rashi ad loc.), asked by the...
MANNA – Biblical Data: The miraculously supplied food on which the Israelites subsisted in the wilderness. Its name is said to have originated in the question ("What is it?" Ex. xvi. 15, R. V.; comp. Rashi ad loc.), asked by the...
MARḤAB IBN AL-ḤARITH – Jewish Arabian warrior and poet; killed during Mohammed'sinvasion of Khaibar about 628. Marḥab, who was of Himyarite descent, distinguished himself by his bravery in defending one of the forts of Khaibar. He is represented in...
MARLI – Italian Talmudist and liturgist of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. According to S. D. Luzzatto, the name "Marli" means "of Arles" (Steinschneider, "Hebr. Bibl." iv. 97, v. 46). Marli was the head of the yeshibah of...
MATALON, JACOB BEN SOLOMON – Turkish rabbinical scholar; lived at Salonica in the sixteenth century. According to De Rossi ("Dizionario," i. 135) the name "Matalon" is the Hebrew equivalent of "one of Toulon," but Zunz (see Steinschneider, "Cat. Bodl." col....
MATALON, MORDECAI – Rabbi of Salonica in the sixteenth century; uncle of Jacob b. Solomon Matalon. Besides being a prominent Talmudist, Matalon was, according to his companion Samuel di Modena, who quotes him frequently in his responsa, well versed...
MATTHÄI (SIMEON), ADAM RUDOLF GEORG – German convert to Christianity; born at Fürth 1715; died at Nuremberg 1779. After having studied Talmud at Prague under his father, Jaidel, who was lecturer on Talmud in the bet ha-midrash, Matthäi, whose name was then Simeon,...
MATTITHIAH ḲARṬIN – Scholar of the fourteenth century. He translated into Hebrew verse the "Moreh Nebukim" of Maimonides in 1363 (comp. Wolf, "Bibl. Hebr." i., No. 1682). His work seems to have been lost, unless this Mattithiah is identical with...
MAẒLIAḤ BEN ELIJAH IBN ALBAẒAḲ – Italian Talmudist of the eleventh century. The surname, Ibn al-Baẓaḳ, the meaning of which is unknown, shows that Maẓliaḥ. came from a family of Eastern Jews. Maẓliaḥ knew Arabic well. After having been dayyan in Sicily, he went...
ME'ASHA – 1. Palestinian tanna, to whom one reference occurs in the Mishnah (Peah ii. 6), from which it appears that he lived in the time of Hillel's descendants (comp. Heilprin, "Seder ha-Dorot," ii.).2. Palestinian haggadist; grandson...
MEGIDDO – Capital of one of the Canaanitish kings conquered by Joshua; assigned to Manasseh (Josh. xii. 21, xvii. 11; I Chron. vii. 29). Its Canaanitish inhabitants were only put to tribute, not driven out (Josh. xvii. 12-13; Judges i....
MEINEK, MOSES SÄKEL – German scholar and editor; lived at Offenbach at the beginning of the eighteenth century. He published in 1715, under his own name, Naphtali Pappenheim's "Teutsche Apothek," and in 1717 a riddle in Judæo-German verse composed by...
MEÏR BEN BARUCH HA-LEVI – Rabbi at Vienna from 1360 to 1390; a native of Fulda (Isserlein, "Terumat ha-Deshen," No. 81). His authority was acknowledged not only throughout Germany, but even by the Spanish rabbis (Isaac b. Sheshet, Responsa, No. 278). He...
MEÏR CALW (CALVO; – Biblical commentator; the country and year of his birth are unknown. As he quotes Levi b. Gershon it may be assumed that he lived not earlier than the fifteenth century. Meïr Calw was the author of a commentary on the Pentateuch...
MEÏR BEN ELEAZAR – French liturgical poet of the first half of the thirteenth century. He wrote: (1) a series of poems to be recited on the seventh evening of Passover, some of which are arranged in alphabetical order; (2) a dirge beginning...
MEÏR BEN ELIAKIM – German liturgist; probably lived at Posen toward the end of the seventeenthcentury; author of "Meïr Elohim" (n.p., n.d.), a collection of Biblical passages to be recited on entering the synagogue, and ethical directions for...
MEÏR BEN ISAAC OF ORLEANS – French liturgical poet and, possibly, Biblical commentator of the end of the eleventh century. Meïr and his son Eleazar are quoted in the commentary to I Chron. (xxix. 11) wrongly ascribed to Rashi. He composed several piyyuṭim,...
MEÏR IBN JAIR – Italian (?) Talmudist and grammarian of the sixteenth century. His family name seems to have been "Meïri"; for he is always mentioned under the name of "Meïr le-Bet Meïr" (= "Meïr of the house of Meïr"). He is called "Ibn Jair"...
MEÏR ḲADOSH (MEÏR BEN JEHIEL BRODA) – Moravian Talmudist; born at Ungarisch-Brod in 1593. He is known for his "Megillat R. Meïr" (Cracow, 1632), in which he narrates an adventure which happened to him when he was fifteen years old, and on account of which he...
MEÏR HA-KOHEN – French scholar of the thirteenth century; born at Narbonne; died at Toledo, Spain, whither he had emigrated in 1263 (Israeli, "Yesod 'Olam," ii. 35, ed. Berlin, 1846). Meïr occupied himself particularly with the study of the...
MEÏR BEN LEVI – Austrian Talmudist and Biblical commentator of the beginning of the eighteenth century; a native of Zolkiev. Under the title "Liḳḳuṭe Shoshannim" (Jessnitz, 1722), he compiled the comments and novellæ of the Geonim on the...
MEISEL – Bohemian family which became famous chiefly through Mordecai Marcus b. Samuel Meisel, "primate" of Prague. The family seems to have come originally from Cracow, to whose community Mordecai Meisel bequeathed large sums for...
MELLI – Family of scholars and rabbis that derived its name from Melli, an Italian village in the province of Mantua. The family can be traced back to the fifteenth century.Eliezer Melli: Rabbi of Venice in the sixteenth century. He is...