JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations

M. Seligsohn,

Diplomé of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Paris, France; now New York City.

Contributions:
MEM – Thirteenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet; the meaning of the name is "water," the primitive shape of the letter resembling waves (see Alphabet). "Mem" has two forms: one for the beginning or middle of a word (מ), and one for the...
MENAHEM BEN ELIAKIM – German scholar of the fourteenth century; a native of Bingen. He was the author of "'Aruk Goren," a dictionary of the Talmud, with German translations of all the difficult words, particularly those taken from Arabic and Greek....
MENAHEM ELIEZER BEN LEVI – Lithuanian Talmudist; born at Wilna; died at Minsk Dec. 23, 1816. After studying Talmud under Solomon of Vilkomir he settled at Minsk, where he became head of the yeshibah. His "Ya'ir Ḳinno," a commentary on Ḳinnim, which he...
MENAHEM BEN ELIJAH – Turkish liturgist of the fifteenth century; a native of Kastoria. He composed the following piyyuṭim: (1) "Mah yaḳeru re'im be-ḳum ashmoret," a "petiḥah"; (2) "Me'on ehyeh asher ehyeh," a "tokaḥah"; both giving in acrostic the...
MENAHEM BEN MACHIR – German liturgist of the eleventh century; a native of Ratisbon. His grandfather, also called Menahem b. Machir, was a nephew of Gershom b. Judah, and he himself was a cousin of Isaac b. Judah, Rashi's teacher. He is quoted in...
MENAHEM MENDEL BEN BARUCH BENDET – Lithuanian Talmudist of the eighteenth century; born at Shklov; died in Palestine. He was a pupil of Elijah of Wilna, whose works he later helped to edit and publish. Elijah Gaon's commentaries on Proverbs, on the Shulḥan 'Aruk...
MENAHEM BEN PEREZ OF JOIGNY – French tosafist and Biblical commentator of the twelfth century. Zadoc Kahn ("R. E. J." iii. 7) identifies him with Menahem the Saint mentioned in Tos. Ḥul. 11b; and he conjectures that Menahem was killed at Bray-sur-Seine in...
MENAHEM BEN SIMEON – French Biblical commentator at the end of the twelfth century; a native of Posquières and a pupil of Joseph Ḳimḥi. The Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris (MS. No. 192, 1-2), contains Menahem's commentary to the books of Jeremiah and...
MENAHEM OF TIKTIN (MaHaRaM TIKTIN; MENAHEM DAVID BEN ISAAC) – Polish rabbi and author of the sixteenth century; pupil of Moses Isserles. Menahem occupied himself with emending and annotating various texts; his notes on the halakot of Isaac Alfasi and Mordecai b. Hillel have been published...
MENAHEM-ZION BEN SOLOMON – Polish rabbi and preacher; died at Altona in 1681. He was at first rabbi of Vladislav, government of Suwalki, Russian Poland, and then dayyan at Cracow. He wrote a work entitled "Neḥamot Ẓiyyon" (Frankfort-on-the-Main, 1677), a...
MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN – Words written by a mysterious hand on the wall of Belshazzar's palace, and interpreted by Daniel as predicting the doom of the king and his dynasty. The incident is described as follows: Once when King Belshazzar was banqueting...
MERAB – The elder of Saul's two daughters (I Sam. xiv. 49; xviii. 17, 19). Saul formally offered Merab's hand to David with the condition that the latter should distinguish himself in the warwith the Philistines. David did so, but Saul...
MERARI, MOSES MENAHEM – Poet and chief rabbi of Venice in the seventeenth century. He was one of the rabbis who signed the decision in regard to the stores in Ferrara. A Hebrew poem ("Shir") of his is found in the "Ḥanukkat ha-Bayit" of Moses Ḥefeẓ...
MERIBAH – 1. A place in Rephidim in the wilderness; called also "Massah and Meribah, because of the chiding of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the Lord" (Ex. xvii. 7). It is certainly this Meribah which is alluded to in...
MERON – City of Galilee, situated on a mountain, three miles northwest of Safed and four miles south of Giscala, with which city it is almost always mentioned in the Talmud. One of the passages is: "One may eat olives [the product of...
MESHULLAM BEN DAVID – German tosafist of the twelfth or of the first half of the thirteenth century. He was the son of the tosafist and liturgist David ben Kalonymus of Münzenburg, and he corresponded with R. Baruch ("Mordekai," Ket.ii. 149), with...
MESHULLAM BEN ISRAEL – Talmudic scholar of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; author of "Mar'eh Meḳom ha-Dinim" (Cracow, 1647), an alphabetical index to the Shulḥan 'Aruk. Fürst ("Bibl. Jud." ii. 369) records that he was known also as "Phoebus,"...
MESHULLAM BEN KALONYMUS BEN TODROS – French scholar of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries; nasi of Narbonne. Meshullam sided with Judah al-Fakhkhar in his attacks on the works of Maimonides and the philosophers. Nevertheless, he blamed Al-Fakhkhar for the...
MESHULLAM BEN MACHIR (DON BONET CRESCAS DE LUNEL) – French scholar; settled at Perpignan, where he died in 1306. Abba Mari, who was a relative of Meshullam, lamented the latter's death in a letter of condolence which he sent to the community of Perpignan ("Minḥat Ḳena'ot," MS. No...
MESHULLAM BEN NATHAN OF MELUN – French tosafist; born at Narbonne about 1120. He was a member of the rabbinical college of Narbonne and, with Abraham ben Isaac, ab bet din, and other rabbis, was one of the signatories of a responsum issued there about 1150...
MESHULLAM PHOEBUS BEN ISRAEL SAMUEL – Chief rabbi of Cracow; born about 1547; died at Cracow Oct. 17, 1617. Meshullam is first known as the head of a flourishing yeshibah at Brest-Litovsk, one of his pupils being Joel Sirḳes. The year of his arrival at Cracow is not...
MEYUḤAS – Oriental Jewish family which gave several rabbinical writers to Jerusalem and Constantinople.Abraham ben Samuel Meyuḥas: Rabbi in Turkey in the eighteenth century; author of "Sedeh ha-Areẓ," in three parts, the first two being...
MEYUḤAS – Oriental Jewish family which gave several rabbinical writers to Jerusalem and Constantinople.Abraham ben Samuel Meyuḥas: Rabbi in Turkey in the eighteenth century; author of "Sedeh ha-Areẓ," in three parts, the first two being...
MICAH – 1. Prophet; author of the sixth book in the collection known as "The Twelve Minor Prophets" (Mic. i. 1). The name of the prophet appears to be a shortened form of , "Micaiah" (= "Who is like Yhwh?"), and is so written in Jer....
MICAH – 1. Prophet; author of the sixth book in the collection known as "The Twelve Minor Prophets" (Mic. i. 1). The name of the prophet appears to be a shortened form of , "Micaiah" (= "Who is like Yhwh?"), and is so written in Jer....