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M. Seligsohn,

Diplomé of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Paris, France; now New York City.

Contributions:
MOSES ZEEB WOLF BEN ELIEZER – Lithuanian rabbi of the beginning of the nineteenth century; born at Grodno; died at Byelostok. He was at first head of the yeshibah at Grodno; then, in 1813, he was called to the rabbinate of Tiktin, where he remained until...
MUDAWWAR, ABU AL-BAYAN IBN AL – Karaite court physician to the last Egyptian Fatimite califs and later to Saladin, who pensioned him when he was sixty-three years old; born 1101; died at Cairo 1184. During the twenty years of his retirement his house was...
MUDAWWAR, ELIAS IBN AL- – Arabic poet and physician; lived at Ronda, probably in the first half of the twelfth century (the year 1184 which Jacobs gives in his "Sources," p. 179, as the date of death, refers to another physician of the same name). He was...
MUGNON, DAVID – Spanish scholar and author; died at Venice in 1629. He wrote a work in Spanish entitled "Tratado de la Oracion y Meditacion y Conocimento Proprio y del Dio" (Venice, 1654), a treatise on prayer and on the knowledge of oneself...
MUSA, ḤAYYIM IBN – Spanish controversialist, physician, and Biblical commentator; born at Bejar, not far from Salamanca, about 1390; died in 1460. According to Abraham Zacuto ("Yuḥasin," ed. Filipowski, p. 229), Ibn Musa was also a payṭan, but...
MUSA OF TIFLIS – Karaite founder of a new sect in the beginning of the ninth century; a native of Za'faran, a town of Persia; hence his name "Al-Za'farani." He later removed to Tiflis, after which city he was also called.Musa's sect is variously...
MUSA IBN ṬUBI (ABU 'IMRAN MUSA IBN ṬUBI AL-ISHBILI) – Spanish-Arabic poet; flourished in Seville in the first half of the fourteenth century. He was the author of an Arabic poem of didactic character, entitled "Al-Sab'aniyyah" (Neubauer, "Cat. Bodl. Hebr. MSS." No. 2095, 4). This...
NAAMAH – 1. Daughter of Lamech and Zillah and sister of Tubal-cain (Gen. iv. 22). According to Abba b. Kahana, Naamah was Noah's wife and was called "Naamah" (pleasant) because her conduct was pleasing to God. But the majority of the...
NAAMAN – 1. Biblical Data: Syrian general whose miraculous recovery from leprosy is told in II Kings v. The name, meaning "pleasantness," is held by Lagarde to represent Adonis, on the assumption that (Isa. xvii. 10) means "the plantings...
NAAMAN – 1. Biblical Data: Syrian general whose miraculous recovery from leprosy is told in II Kings v. The name, meaning "pleasantness," is held by Lagarde to represent Adonis, on the assumption that (Isa. xvii. 10) means "the plantings...
NAAMAN – 1. Biblical Data: Syrian general whose miraculous recovery from leprosy is told in II Kings v. The name, meaning "pleasantness," is held by Lagarde to represent Adonis, on the assumption that (Isa. xvii. 10) means "the plantings...
NABAL – Calebite noble who appears in one of the incidents which marked David's wanderings (I Sam. xxv.). Nabal was a man of great wealth and possessed numerous flocks; but he was of a niggardly and churlish disposition and was referred...
NABOTH – Jezreelite of the time of Ahab, King of Israel; owner of a small plot of ground near Jezreel (II Kings ix. 21, 25-26) and of a vineyard contiguous to Ahab's palace at Jezreel (I Kings xxi. 1); the Septuagint reads, "a vineyard...
NADAB – 1. Eldest son of Aaron and Elisheba; one of the leaders of the children of Israel who went with Moses to Sinai and "saw the God of Israel" (Ex. vi. 23; xxiv. 1, 9 et seq.; Num. iii. 2, xxvi. 60; I Chron. v. 29 [A. V. vi. 3],...
NAHASH – 1. King of the Ammonites. At the beginning of Saul's reign Nahash attacked Jabesh-gilead, and when the people of that place asked for terms of surrender he gave them the alternatives of having their right eyes thrust out or of...
NAHOR – 1. Son of Serug; father of Terah and, consequently, grandfather of Abraham. He is said to have lived one hundred and forty-eight years (Gen. xi. 22-25; I Chron. i. 26).2. Son of Terah and brother of Abraham and Haran. He married...
NAHSHON – Biblical Data: Son of Amminadab; descendant in the fifth generation from Judah and brother-in-law of Aaron (Ex. vi. 23; I Chron. ii. 4-10). Nahshon was appointed by Moses, upon God's command, as prince of the tribe of Judah, and...
NAHSHON – Biblical Data: Son of Amminadab; descendant in the fifth generation from Judah and brother-in-law of Aaron (Ex. vi. 23; I Chron. ii. 4-10). Nahshon was appointed by Moses, upon God's command, as prince of the tribe of Judah, and...
NAIL – 1. The finger nail. In Hebrew the corresponding word occurs only in the plural, (Deut. xxi. 12), the singular of which denotes the point of a stylus (Jer. xvii. 1). In the passage in question occurs in connection with the verb...
NAIOTH – Place in which David and Samuel took refuge when the former was pursued by Saul (I Sam. xix. 18 et seq., xx. 1). The meaning of the name as well as the nature of the place is doubtful: the "ketib" is , of disputed vocalization;...
NAJARA (NAJAR, NIJAR, NAGAR, NAGARA) – Oriental Jewish family, originally from Najera, a Spanish city of Navarre, on the River Najerilla. In the history of rabbinical literature Najaras are found at Algiers, Tunis, Damascus, Gaza, etc.David Najar: Rabbinical writer...
NAOMI – Wife of Elimelech and mother-in-law of Ruth. Naomi accompanied her husband and two sons into the land of Moab; but after the death of her husband and sons she returned to Bethlehem with her daughter-in-law Ruth, whom she vainly...
NAPHTALI HIRZ BEN JACOB GOSLAR – German rabbi and philosopher of the eighteenth century. After acting as dayyan at Halberstadt for some time, he settled at Amsterdam, where he began the study of philosophy. He wrote "Merome Sadeh," novellæ on the Talmud...
NATHAN BEN ISAAC HA-KOHEN HABABLI – Babylonian historian of the tenth century. He was the author of a history of the exilarchate that gives many interesting details in regard to the exilarchs, particularly his contemporary 'Uḳba. Extracts from this history were...
NATHAN JEDIDIAH BEN ELIEZER – Italian poet; born at Orvieto in 1607. In 1625, being then at Sienna, he paraphrased in Hebrew terza-rima three "widduyim": Baḥya's, beginning (following the Italian paraphrase in verse of his maternal grandfather, Johanan Judah...