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M. Seligsohn,

Diplomé of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Paris, France; now New York City.

Contributions:
SACKHEIM, ABRAHAM BEN JOSEPH – Lithuanian scholar and Talmudist; died at Wilna June 26, 1872. He was well versed in rabbinics, as may be seen from his "Yad ha-Ḥazaḳah," a casuistic commentary on the Pesaḥ Haggadah (Wilna, 1835; the editor's name appears in...
SACRIFICE – The act of offering to a deity for the purpose of doing homage, winning favor, or securing pardon; that which is offered or consecrated. The late generic term for "sacrifice" in Hebrew is , the verb being , used in connection...
SAHULAH, ISAAC BEN SOLOMON IBN ABI – Spanish scholar and Hebrew poet of the thirteenth century; born, as some believe, at Guadalajara in 1244. Geiger, in "Melo Chofnajim," German part,p. 62, gives the name as Segullah. According to Abraham Zacuto ("Yuḥasin," ed....
SALEM – Name of a place, first mentioned in connection with Abraham's return from the battle with Chedorlaomer, when Melchizedek, King of Salem, went to meet him (Gen. xiv. 18). Josephus ("Ant." i. 10, § 2; "B. J." vi. 10), the three...
SALKIND, SOLOMON BEN BARUCH – Lithuanian Hebrew poet; teacher in the rabbinical seminary, Wilna; died there March 14, 1868. He was the author of: "Shirim li-Shelomoh" (Wilna, 1842), a collection of poems, most of which are adaptations from other languages;...
SALKINSON, ISAAC EDWARD – Russian Hebraist; convert to Christianity; born at Wilna; died at Vienna June 5, 1883. According to some, Salkinson was the son of Solomon Salkind. As a youth, he set out for America with the intention of entering a rabbinical...
SALT – Biblical Data: A condiment for food. From earliest times salt was indispensable to the Israelites for flavoring food. Having a copious supply in their own country, they could obtain it with little trouble. The Dead or "Salt" Sea...
SAMARIA – The Name. City of Palestine; capital of the kingdom of Israel. It was built by Omri, in the seventh year of his reign, on the mountain Shomeron (Samaria); he had bought this mountain for two talents of silver from Shemer, after...
SAMBATION, SANBATION, SABBATION (SAMBAṬYON) – Earliest Mention. In rabbinical literature the river across which the ten tribes were transported by Shalmaneser, King of Assyria, and about which so many legends subsequently accumulated that it was considered by some scholars...
SAMEGAH (SAMIGAH), JOSEPH BEN BENJAMIN – Turkish Talmudist and cabalist of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; born at Salonica; died June 6, 1629, at Venice, where he was rabbi and head of the yeshibah. It appears from Isaac Ḥayyim Cantarini's "Paḥad Yiẓḥaḳ" (p....
SAMUEL BEN JOSEPH JOSKE – Polish Talmudist of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; born at Lublin. He was the first known rabbi of Jung-Bunzlau, and was the author of "Leḥem Rab" (Prague, 1609), supplementing the Shulḥan 'Aruk, Oraḥ Ḥayyim, and...
SAMUEL BEN KALONYMUS HE-ḤASID OF SPEYER – Tosafist, liturgical poet, and philosopher of the twelfth century; surnamed also "the Prophet" (Solomon Luria, Responsa, No. 29). He seems to have lived in Spain and in France. He is quoted in the tosafot to Yebamot (6lb) and...
SAMUEL ẒARFATI – Court physician to the popes Alexander VI. and Julius II.; died about 1519. The name "Ẓarfati" indicates that Samuel was a native of France, and as he was probably from southern France he is called by Burchard "the Spanish...
SANCHO – Family name of frequent occurrence among Oriental Spanish Jews, and borne by several writers.Abraham ben Ephraim Sancho: Turkish physician and Hebrew poet; lived at Constantinople in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Sancho...
SANCHO – Family name of frequent occurrence among Oriental Spanish Jews, and borne by several writers.Abraham ben Ephraim Sancho: Turkish physician and Hebrew poet; lived at Constantinople in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Sancho...
SANDALS – Biblical Data: In the warm countries of the East shoes are not such an indispensable part of clothing as in the colder northern countries. Still, people do not go barefoot in mountainous Palestine, especially during the damp...
SAR SHALOM BEN BOAZ – Gaon of Sura, where he died about 859 or 864, having held the gaonate for ten years. He succeeded Kohen Ẓedeḳ I., and was in turn succeeded by Naṭronai b. Hilai. He left more than 100 responsa, a great many of which are to be...
SARKO (ZARḲO, ZARIḲ), JOSEPH BEN JUDAH – Italian grammarian and Hebrew poet of the first half of the fifteenth century. According to Carmoly ("Histoire des Médecins Juifs," p. 129), he was a native of Naples and one of the teachers of Judah Messer Leon. He was the...
SASON, AARON BEN JOSEPH – Rabbi of Salonica in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; died shortly before 1626. He was a pupil of Mordecai Matalon, and in his turn was the teacher of Ḥayyim Shabbethai. He was the author of various works both rabbinic...
SASON, JACOB BEN ISRAEL – Palestinian Talmudist; flourished at Safed at the end of the seventeenth century; a pupil of Isaac Alfandari. He was the author of "Bene Ya'aḳob" (Constantinople, 1714), consisting of a commentary on a part of Isaac b. Abba...
SASON, JOSEPH BEN JACOB – Editor and, perhaps, author; lived in the sixteenth century. He edited the "Maḥazor Sefardi" (Venice, 1584); and a Jewish calendar for the period 1585-1639 was printed the same year at Sason's expense. The author of "Shemen...
SASPORTAS – Spanish family of rabbis and scholars, the earliest known members of which lived at Oran, Algeria, at the end of the sixteenth century. The name seems to indicate that the family originally came from a place called Seisportas (=...
SAUL – Karaite leader; son and successor of Anan ben David; died about 780. He is styled by the later Karaites "nasi" (prince) and "rosh hagolah" (exilarch). Saul's activity was comparatively unimportant. He is mentioned by Solomon b....
SCHAIKEWITZ, NAHUM MEÏR (SHOMER) – Russian Judæo-German novelist and play-wright; born at Nesvizh, government of Minsk, Dec. 18, 1849. Schaikewitz distinguished himself as a clever story-teller even as a boy. His first literary efforts took the form of short...
SCHERSCHEWSKI, JUDAH JÜDEL BEN BENJAMIN – Lithuanian Talmudist and Hebraist; born in 1804; died at Kovno Sept. 20, 1866. After having studied Talmud and rabbinics under Jacob Meïr Yalovker, Scherschewski was employed in one of the business establishments in Wilna,...