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M. Seligsohn,

Diplomé of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Paris, France; now New York City.

Contributions:
ṬAWWAH, ABRAHAM BEN JACOB IBN – Algerian Talmudist; flourished at Algiers in the sixteenth century. On his mother's side he was a grandson of Solomon b. Simeon Duran, and therefore a descendant of Naḥmanides and a great grandson of Simeon b. Ẓemaḥ Duran I., to...
ṬAYYIB – Tunisian family, first known in the second half of the seventeenth century. The more prominent members are the following:Abraham ṭayyib: Grandson of Abraham b. Isaac ṭayyib (see below); lived at the end of the eighteenth...
TERAPHIM – Plural word of unknown derivation used in the Old Testament to denote the primitive Semitic house-gods whose cult had been handed down to historical times from the earlier period of nomadic wanderings. The translation of the...
TERNI, DANIEL BEN MOSES DAVID – Italian rabbi, poet, and Biblical commentator of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; a native of Ancona. After having taught for some time at Lugo, he was called to the rabbinate of Florence. He was the author of the...
TERNI, MATTATHIAH NISSIM BEN JACOB ISRAEL – Italian rabbi and poet; flourished in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. He was rabbi at Florence, Urbino, Pesaro, and Sinigaglia. He wrote: "Sefat Emet," halakic decisions (Leghorn, 1797); "Midbar ba-'Arabah," on the...
THOMASHEFSKI, BORIS – Judæo-German actor; born at Kiev May 30, 1866. He went to New York to seek work in 1881 and soon organized a Jewish troop which played in Turn Hall, Fourth street. Three years later he removed to Chicago, where he became a...
THUNDER – The sound that follows lightning. The proper Hebrew term for it is (Ps. lxxvii. 19 et passim; Job xxvi. 14; Isa. xxix. 6), but it is often rendered in the Bible by , plural (= "voice," "voices"), the singular being always...
TIBNI – One of the rulers of the kingdom of Israel during the interregnum between Zimri and Omri; son of Ginath. When Zimri, after a reign of seven days, had ended his life, the people of Israel were divided into two factions, one...
TIKTIN – A Silesian family of rabbis originating from Tiktin, a town in Poland.Abraham ben Gedaliah Tiktin: German rabbi; born at Schwersenz, Posen; died at Breslau Dec. 27, 1820. In 1811 he was appointed rabbi at Glogau, and five years...
TITHE – The tenth part of anything, appropriated as tax or sacrifice.—Biblical Data: Tithing one's possessions was a very ancient custom, existing as early as the time of the Patriarchs. Abraham gave Melchizedek "tithes of all" (Gen....
TITHE – The tenth part of anything, appropriated as tax or sacrifice.—Biblical Data: Tithing one's possessions was a very ancient custom, existing as early as the time of the Patriarchs. Abraham gave Melchizedek "tithes of all" (Gen....
TITHE – The tenth part of anything, appropriated as tax or sacrifice.—Biblical Data: Tithing one's possessions was a very ancient custom, existing as early as the time of the Patriarchs. Abraham gave Melchizedek "tithes of all" (Gen....
TOBIA BEN MOSES HA-ABEL – Epoch and Attainments. Karaite scholar, Biblical commentator, liturgical poet, and translator; flourished at Constantinople in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Fürst ("Gesch. des Karäert." ii. 198 et seq.) conjectures Tobia's...
TOBIAH BEN ELIEZER – A Bulgarian. Talmudist and poet of the eleventh century; author of the "Leḳaḥ Ṭob" or "Pesiḳta Zuṭarta," a midrashic commentary on the Pentateuch and the Five Megillot. Zunz ("G. V." pp. 293 et seq.) inferred from Tobiah's...
TOMASHOV, JACOB B. SIMEON – Polish rabbi of the seventeenth century. His father is styled "ha-Ḳadosh," a term generally given to a martyr, so that Simeon may have been martyred during the massacres instigated by Chmielnicki. Jacob was probably rabbi at...
TOSAFOT – Meaning of Name. Critical and explanatory glosses on the Talmud, printed, in almost all editions, on the outer margin and opposite Rashi's notes. The authors of the Tosafot are known as Tosafists ("ba'ale ha-tosafot"). For what...
TÖTBRIEF – Term applied in Germany to the edicts issued by the kings and emperors, to the papal bulls, and to the edicts of various ecclesiastical authorities, by which the Christians were exempted from paying their debts to Jews. The...
TRIWOSCH, JOSEPH ELIJAH – Russian Hebrew writer and poet; born at Wilna Jan. 18, 1856; settled at Grodno as a teacher of Hebrew and Russian. His literary activity began in 1873, in which year he published in "Ha-Lebanon" his first articles. Since then he...
TUR, NAPHTALI WOLF – Russian Hebraist; born at Wilna; died there May 29, 1885 (according to Zeitlin, June 8, 1884). Tur settled in Warsaw, where he taught Hebrew and several modern languages. He was a talented poet; but, owing to his untimely death,...
URI PHOEBUS BEN AARON HA-LEVI – Dutch printer; born at Amsterdam 1623; died there Jan. 27, 1715 (not at Zolkiev in 1713, as Steinschneider records); son of Aaron ha-Levi, ḥazzan at the Neweh Shalom Synagogue, Amsterdam, and grandson of Moses Uri ha-Levi,...
WAHB IBN MUNABBIH (Abu 'Abd Allah al-Ṣana'ani al-Dhimari) – Mohammedan traditionist of Dhimar (two days' journey from Sanaa) in Yemen; died at the age of ninety, in a year variously given by Arabic authorities as 725, 728, 732, and 737 C.E. On his father's side he was descended from...
WALDEN, AARON BEN ISAIAH NATHAN – Polish Talmudist, editor, and author; born at Warsaw about 1835. Walden, who is an ardent adherent of Ḥasidism, is known especially for his "Shem ha-Gedolim he-Ḥadash" (Warsaw, 1864), a work of the same nature as Azulai's "Shem...
WALLICH – German family which probably derived its name from the Hebrew transcription of "Falk" ( ). The earliest known members of it are Joseph b. Meïr Wallich, a physician, and Moses Joshua Wallich, both of whom lived at Worms in the...
WAR – Details. —Biblical Data: The earliest war recorded in the Old Testament is that of the Elamitic king Chedorlaomer and his allies against the five kings of Sodom and its adjacent cities (Gen. xiv. 1et seq.). The result of the...
WARS OF THE LORD, BOOK OF THE – A work mentioned in a single passage of the Old Testament (Num. xxi. 14) in connection with the geographical position of Arnon. The title suggests that the book contained songs celebrating the victories of the Israelites led by...