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M. Seligsohn,

Diplomé of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Paris, France; now New York City.

Contributions:
ZAMOSZ, ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC HA-KOHEN – Polish rabbi and anti-Shabbethaian of the eighteenth century; rabbi of Tarly. He was very prominent in persecuting the Shabbethaians who had established themselves in Podolia, and on this subject he corresponded with Jacob Emden...
ZAMOSZ, ISRAEL BEN MOSES HA-LEVI – Polish Talmudist and mathematician; born at Buberki about 1700; died at Brody April 20, 1772. He was appointed one of the lecturers in the yeshibah of Zamosz, but at the same time he occupied himself with the study of secular...
ZAMOSZ, JOSEPH BEN JACOB ISAAC – Polish rabbi of the eighteenth century; rabbi of Zamosz. He was the author of "Mishnat Ḥakamim" (Lemberg, 1792), an analytical work on the commandments, based on the ancient authorities and showing which laws were derived from...
ZAMOSZ, ẒEBI HIRSCH BEN BENJAMIN – German rabbi; born in 1740; died at Altona in 1807. He was rabbi of several communities, including Brody and Glogau, and from 1803 until his death he held the rabbinate of the three communities of Altona, Hamburg, and Wandsbeck....
ZAMZAM – A sacred well in the mosque of Mecca; identified by Islamitic legend with the spring from which Hagar and Ishmael drank (Gen. xvi. 14; see Abraham ibn Ezra's commentary ad loc. and Hagar in Arabic Literature). Some Mohammedan...
ẒARIFA – Name of a goddess mentioned in a single passage of the Talmud ('Ab. Zarah 12a) as having been worshiped at Ashkelon. Kohut, Levy, and other Jewish lexicographers identify her with Serapis; but the Hebrew spelling would seem to...
ZAUSMER, JACOB DAVID BEN ISAAC – Polish Masorite of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; rabbi of Zausmer, near Cracow; died before 1644. He was the author of the "Perush ha-Massorah" and of the "Ṭa'ame ha-Massorah" (Lublin, 1616); the former work...
ZAUSMER, JACOB BEN SAMUEL – Polish rabbi and preacher; flourished at Zausmer in the seventeenth century. He was the author of the "Bet Ya'aḳob." (Dyhernfurth, 1696), a work containing 174 responsa. In the preface he says that he wrote also "Toledot...
ZEBEDEE – Father of the apostles James and John, and husband of Salome; a native of Galilee and a fisherman by calling (Matt. iv. 21, xxvii. 56; Mark xv. 40). It seems from the mention of his boat and hired servants (ib. i. 20) that...
ZEBID – 1. Babylonian amora of the fourth century; a contemporary of Abaye, whose halakot he transmitted, and of whom he was perhaps a pupil (Ber. 46b; Soṭah 32b; et passim), Zebid also transmitted the halakot of Raba and R. Naḥman (B....
ZECHARIAH BEN ABḲILUS (Amphikalos) – Palestinian scholar and one of the leaders of the Zealots; lived in Jerusalem at the time of the destruction of the Second Temple. According to the Talmud, the authority which he enjoyed among the rabbis of Jerusalem was the...
ZECHARIAH BEN JEHOIADA – Biblical Data: A reforming priest who lived under King Joash of Judah. He reproved the idolaters, announcing God's judgment against them; and a conspiracy was formed against him that resulted in his being stoned in the court of...
ZECHARIAH HA-KOHEN – Greek or Turkish Biblical commentator and liturgical poet of the fifteenth century; maternal grandfather of Menahem ben Moses Tamar. According to the latter ("Tanḥumot El," ch. x.), Zechariah wrote a pamphlet("ḳonṭres") in which...
ZECHARIAH MENDEL BEN ARYEH LÖB – Polish Talmudist of the eighteenth century; a native of Cracow, and in later life chief rabbi and head of the yeshibah at Belz, Galicia. He was the author of "Be'er Heṭeb," a well-known commentary on the Shulḥan 'Aruk, Yoreh...
ZECHARIAH MENDEL BEN ARYEH LÖB – Galician and German preacher and scholar; born at Podhaice in the early part of the eighteenth century; died at Frankfort-on-the-Oder Dec. 20, 1791. He was of the same family as Solomon Luria and Moses Isserles, who traced their...
ZECHARIAH BEN SOLOMON ZEBSIL – German Talmudist of the sixteenth century; rabbi of the Ashkenazic community at Jerusalem, where he died. He was the father-in-law of Joseph Caro, who speaks of him as of one well versed in rabbinics (Joseph Caro, "Abḳat Rokel,"...
ZEDEKIAH BEN BENJAMIN – Italian Talmudist and liturgist; lived in Rome in the thirteenth century; died after 1280; elder cousin of Zedekiah b. Abraham Anaw, by whom he is often quoted in the "Shibbole ha-Leḳeṭ." Zedekiah b. Benjamin was a pupil of Meïr...
ẒE'ENAH U-RE'ENAH – Judæ-German paraphrase of the Pentateuch, the Hafṭarot, and the Five Megillot, written by Jacob b. Isaac of Janow, who flourished in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The work is enriched with many haggadot taken either...
ZEITLIN, JOSHUA – Russian rabbinical scholar and philanthropist; born at Shklov in 1742; died at Kherson Aug. 18, 1822. He was a pupil of the casuist Aryeh Loeb, the author of "Sha'agat Aryeh"; and, being an expert in political economy, he stood...
ZEITLIN, JOSHUA B. AARON – Russian scholar and philanthropist; born at Kiev Oct. 10, 1823; died at Dresden Jan. 11, 1888. While he was still young his parents removed to Chernobyl, where he associated with the Ḥasidim, later devoting himself to the study...
ZEITLIN, WILLIAM – Russian scholar and bibliographer; born at Homel, government of Moghilef, about the middle of the nineteenth century. He is known especially as the author of "Ḳiryat Sefer," or "Bibliotheca Hebraica Post-Mendelssohniana"...
ZELAZOWSKA, CATHERINE – Polish convert to Judaism; born in 1460; martyred at Cracow in 1540. She was the widow of an alderman of Cracow; and at the time when, influenced by the Bible, Polish Christendom was divided into different sects, she followed...
ZELOPHEHAD – Biblical Data: A Manassite who in one passage is called the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the grandson of Manasseh (Num. xxvi. 29-33), and in another is set down as the second son of Manasseh (I Chron. vii. 15). The...
ZELOPHEHAD – Biblical Data: A Manassite who in one passage is called the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the grandson of Manasseh (Num. xxvi. 29-33), and in another is set down as the second son of Manasseh (I Chron. vii. 15). The...
ẒEMAḤ, JACOB BEN ḤAYYIM – Portuguese cabalist and physician; died at Jerusalem in the second half of the seventeenth century. He received a medical training in his native country as a Marano, but fled about 1619 to Safed and devoted himself to the Talmud...