JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations

M. Seligsohn,

Diplomé of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Paris, France; now New York City.

Contributions:
GERSHOM – First-born son of Moses and Zipporah (Ex. ii. 22, xviii. 3). The circumcision of a child of Moses described in Ex. iv. 25 is evidently that of Gershom, but the Midrash refers it to Eliezer. As to the Gershom mentioned in Judges...
GERSHON (CHRISTIAN) BEN MEÏR OF BIBERBACH – Jewish convert; born at Reckling-hausen, Prussia, Aug. 1, 1569; drowned at Dröhelm Sept. 25, 1627. After teaching Hebrew and Talmud for many years in different German towns, Gershon was baptized at Halberstadt Oct. 9, 1600. He...
GERSHON BEN SOLOMON BEN ASHER – French Talmudist; flourished at Béziers in the twelfth century. He was the author of a casuistic work entitled "Sefer ha-Shalmon," finished by his son Samuel. Isaac b. Sheshet quotes this work in his Responsa (No. 170), but he...
GESELLSCHAFT DER HEBRÄISCHEN LITTERATUR-FREUNDE – Society for promoting study of the Hebrew language, called in Hebrew "Ḥebrat Doreshe Leshon 'Eber." It was founded at Königsberg in 1783 by Isaac Euchel and Mendel Bresslau, two young Hebrew scholars, for the study of the...
GESHAN – One of the sons of Jahdai, of the family of Caleb (I Chron. ii. 47).E. G. H. M. Sel.
GESHEM THE ARABIAN – Ally of Sanballat and Tobiah and adversary of Nehemiah (Neh. ii. 19, vi. 1). In Neh. vi. 6 he is called "Gashmu," which is probably more correct, as an Arab tribe named "Gushamu" is known (Cook, "Aramaic Glossary," s.v. ). When...
GESHUR, GESHURITES – Geshur was a territory in the northern part of Bashan, adjoining the province of Argob (Deut. iii. 14) and the kingdom of Aram or Syria (II Sam. xv. 8; I Chron. ii. 23). It was allotted to the half-tribe of Manasseh, which...
GHAZZATI, NATHAN BENJAMIN BEN ELISHA HA-LEVI – Shabbethaian prophet; born at Jerusalem 1644; died at Sofia 1680. After studying Talmud and Cabala in his native town under Jacob Ḥagis, he settled at Gaza, whence his name "Ghazzati." The fact of his father being a German Jew...
GHIRONDI – Italian family of Padua, the founder of which settled there toward the end of the sixteenth century. The name indicates that he was a native of Gerona in Spain. He was also called "Ẓarfati" (the Frenchman), either because Gerona...
GIANTS – Aborigines. —Biblical Data: Word derived from the Greek γίγας (in LXX.), denoting a man of extraordinary stature; in the English versions the rendering for three Hebrew words: (1) "Nefilim" (see Fall of Angels), Gen. vi. 4a, an...
GIHON – 1. The second river of Eden, surrounding the whole land of Cush or Ethiopia (Gen. ii. 13). Its identification has been a matter of dispute among Biblical exegetes and critics. Josephus (" Ant. " i. 1, § 3) identifies Gihon with...
GIKATILLA, JOSEPH B. ABRAHAM – Spanish cabalist; born at Medinaceli, Old Castile, 1248; died at Peñafiel after 1305. Gikatilla was for some time a pupil of the cabalist Abraham Abulafia, by whom he is highly praised; his cabalistic knowledge became so...
GIRGASHITES – One of the nations which possessed the land of Canaan before the Israelitish conquest. In Hebrew the name occurs only in the singular and with the definite article. In Gen. x. 16 and I Chron. i. 14 "the Girgashite" is mentioned...
GIRZITES – A tribe rich in cattle and apparel; with the Geshurites and the Amalekites it occupied the land between the south of Palestine and Egypt (I Sam. xxvii. 8, 9).E. G. H.M. Sel.
GITTITH – A musical instrument mentioned in Ps. viii. 1, lxxxi. 1, lxxxiv. 1. The word is explained by Gesenius ("Thesaurus," s. v. ) as meaning "striking instrument," but it is now generally held to denote a zither. Rashi, following the...
GLOGAU, JEHIEL MICHAEL BEN UZZIEL – German rabbi; lived at Halberstadt in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He was the author of "Nezer ha-Ḳodesh," glosses on "Bereshit Rabbah" (Jessnitz, 1719). A long responsum, addressed to Ẓebi Hirsch Ashkenazi and...
GLOGAUER, ABIGDOR BEN SIMḤAH HA-LEVI – German Hebrew scholar of the eighteenth century. He published "Dabar Ṭob," an elementary Hebrew grammar with paradigms, printed with Moses ibn Ḥabib's "Marpe Lashon" (Prague, 1783); "Iggerot," Mendelssohn's letters (Vienna,...
GLOGAUER, JUDAH BEN ḤANINA SELIG – German Talmudist of the beginning of the eighteenth century. He was the author of a work entitled "Ḳol Yehudah," a collection of notes on the Talmud by various rabbis of his time, with some remarks of his own. (Amsterdam, 1729,...
GLOGAUER, MEïR BEN EZEKIEL – Bohemian Talmudist; died at Prague in 1829. He wrote: "Dibre Meir," novellæ, on the Talmudic treatises Giṭṭin, Shabbat, Rosh ha-Shanah, and Baba Meẓi'a (Prague, 1810); "Sbemen ha-Ma'or," commentary on the Shulḥan 'Aruk, Oraḥ...
GLOGAUER, MOSES BEN ẒEBI HIRSCH – German scholar; lived at Hamburg in the eighteenth century. He was the author of a work entitled "Ḥebel le-Haḥayot," a collection of ethical essays, puzzles, and charades (Altona, 1803).Bibliography: Fürst, Bibl. Jud. i. 336.D....
GOLD – One of the precious metals. There are six Hebrew words which denote "gold," four of which occur in Job (xxviii. 15-17): (1) , the most common term, used on account of the yellow color; it is generally accompanied by epithets, as...
GOLOMB, HIRSCH NISSAN – Russian Hebraist and writer on music; born at Podzelve, government of Wilna, Dec. 15, 1853. He studied in the yeshibah of Wilkomir, and received a good musical training at Wilna. At the beginning of his literary career he was a...
GOLYATOVSKI, JOANNIKI – Little-Russian cleric and anti-Jewish writer; died 1688. After having studied in the Kiev-Mogilian College, Golyatovski took holy orders, and was later appointed rector of the Little-Russian schools. He declared himself the...
GOMER – 1. Eldest son of Japheth, and father of Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah (Gen. x. 2, 3; I Chron. i. 5, 6). In Yoma 10a and Yer. Meg. i. 9 "Gomer" is explained to be the same as which stands either for ("Cimmerii") or for...
GOOSE – According to the Talmudists the domestic and the wild goose are two different species which should not be crossed (B. Ḳ. 55a; Bek. 8a). They are distinguished by the following criteria: The domestic goose has a longer beak than...