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Gerson B. Levi,

New York City.

Contributions:
AARON'S TOMB – The burial-place of Aaron, which, according to Num. xx. 23-28, was Mount Hor, on the edge of the land of Edom. A later tradition, evidently of Mohammedan origin, refers to this hill as the one near Petra, called the Hill of...
ABADDON – In rabbinic and New Testament literature, the second department of Gehenna, the nether world; almost synonymous with Sheol (Midr. Konen; compare Joshua ben Levi in 'Er. 19a). In Rev. ix. 11 Abaddon is personified as the Angel of...
ABADIAS – Son of Jezelus, one of the sons of Joab, found in the list of those who returned with Ezra (I Esd. viii. 35). In the corresponding list of Ezra, viii. 9, he is called Obadiah, the son of Jehiel.G. B. L.
ABAGTHA – A chamberlain of Ahasuerus (Esth. i. 10). The name is probably of Persian origin.G. B. L.
ABANA – A river rising in the Anti-Libanus, flowing through Damascus, and disappearing in the Meadow lakes. Reference to it is found only once in the Bible (II Kings, v. 12), in the exclamation of Naaman, "Are not Abana and Pharpar,...
ABARIM – Biblical Data: A term applied to the edge of the Moabite plateau. From its most prominent headland, Mount Nebo, the western part of Judea was plainly visible (Jer. xxii. 20; Num. xxvii. 12, xxiii. 47; Deut. xxxii. 49, and see...
ABDA – 1. The father of Adoniram, the superintendent of the tax levied by Solomon (I Kings, iv. 6). 2. A Levite residing in Jerusalem (Neh. xi. 17), called Obadiah in the corresponding list of I Chron. ix. 16.Bibliography: Renan, in...
ABDEEL – Father of Shelemiah, who was one of the men ordered by King Jehoiakim to capture Jeremiah and his scribe Baruch (Jer. xxxvi. 26). The Septuagint omits the name. G. B. L.
ABDI – 1. Son of Malluch, a Levite descended from Merari (I Chron. vi. 44). 2. Father of Kish, a Levite, also of the family of Merari, but living in the time of Hezekiah (II Chron. xxix. 12). 3. One of the sons of Bene Elam who had...
ABDI HEBA – A king of Jerusalem about 1400 B.C., whose name (read by some, Ebed Ṭob) is recorded in the El-Amarna Tablets. From the letters sent by Abdi Heba to the Pharaoh of Egypt it appears that the former owed his kingship not to royal...
ABDIAS – Obadiah, the prophet (IV Esd. i. 39).G. B. L.
ABDIEL – Son of Guni, of the tribe of Gad (I Chron. v. 15). G. B. L.
ABDON – A city in the domain of Asher, given to the Levites, Bene Gershon (Josh. xxi. 30, and in the corresponding list of I Chron. vi. 74). Identified by Guérin with Abdeh, to the north of Acre.G. B. L.
ABEL-MAIM – A tract in Upper Galilee, now known as Abil-el-Ḳamḥ, taken by the Syrians under Ben-hadad (II Chron. xvi. 4). In the corresponding list of I Kings, xv. 20 it figures as Abel-beth-maachah, which town was taken by the Assyrians...
ABI AND AB IN PROPER NAMES – Abi and Ab are used both as the first element, as in Abijah, Abishur, Abinoam, Abner, and as the second element, as in Eliab, Joab, and Ahab. Theirexact meaning is still under dispute. Each of the foregoing proper names may be a...
ABIDA – A son of Midian, and grandson of Abraham and Keturah (Gen. xxv. 4, and in the genealogical list in I Chron. i. 33). G. B. L.
ABIDAN – A son of Gideoni, chief of the tribe of Benjamin after the Exodus (Num. i. 11, ii. 22, vii. 60, 65, x. 24). G. B. L.
ABIEL – 1. Father of Kish and Ner, and grandfather of Saul (I Sam. ix. 1, xiv. 51). Another account makes him the great-grandfather of Saul; Ner, by that account, being the father, instead of the brother, of Kish. The mistake is...
ABIEZER – 1. A clan of Manasseh, the most important member of which was Gideon, in whose time the seat of the clan was at Ophrah on the western side of the Jordan (Josh. xvii. 2; Judges, vi. 11, 24, 34, viii. 2; I Chron. vii. 18; Num....
ABIHAIL – 1. The father of Zuriel, a Levite of the family of Merari (Num. iii. 35). 2. Wife of Abishur (I Chron. ii. 29). 3. Son of Huri, a Gadite resident in Gilead (I Chron. v. 14). 4. Wife of Rehoboam and daughter of Eliab, the brother...
ABIHUD – A grandson of Benjamin, mentioned in the genealogical list of I Chron. viii. 3. G. B. L.
ABILENE – A village situated northwest of Sepphoris (Neubauer, "Géographie du Talmud," p. 259). According to Grätz ("Gesch. d. Jud." 2d ed., ii. 257), a district of Perea (Lev. R. xvii.; Pesiḳ. Wa-yeḥi, 66a). G. B. L.
ABIMAEL – Son of Joktan (Gen. x. 28); found also in the corresponding genealogical list of Shem's descendants in I Chron. i. 22. G. B. L.
ABIMELECH – 1. Son of Gideon (surnamed Jerubbaal), the great "judge" of Israel. By virtue of his father's dictatorship or semiroyalty, he claimed to rule over Ephraim. He was, however, merely the son of Gideon's concubine; and to make good...
ABIMELECH – 1. Son of Gideon (surnamed Jerubbaal), the great "judge" of Israel. By virtue of his father's dictatorship or semiroyalty, he claimed to rule over Ephraim. He was, however, merely the son of Gideon's concubine; and to make good...