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Gerson B. Levi,

New York City.

Contributions:
CALITAS – A Levite who had married a foreign wife, but, at the solicitation of Ezra, repudiated her (I Esd. ix. 23). Ezra x. 23 gives "Kelaiah," a glossator, however, giving the collateral form "Kelita." He is perhaps identical with the...
CALLIRRHOE – Hot springs on the western side of the Dead Sea, near the Zerka Maim (Buhl, "Geographie des Alten Palästina," p. 123; Smith, "Historical Geography of Palestine," p. 571). Josephus describes the springs ("Ant." xvii. 6, § 2) as...
CAMPHIRE – A shrub growing to a height of between eight and ten feet, and bearing cream-colored and very fragrant flowers. The botanical name of the plant is Lawsonia alba. In ancient times it grew very plentifully near En-gedi (Song of...
CANNEH – A city mentioned in the long list of the contributors to Tyrian greatness and commercial power (Ezek. xxvii. 23). The name occurs in no other passage. Cornill takes it to be the "Calneh" of Amos vi. 2; and one manuscript has...
CARCAS – One of the seven chamberlains serving Ahasuerus and ordered by him to bring Queen Vashti into the royal presence (Esth. i. 10). The Septuagint gives a different name—ΘαραΒὰ. The Targum allegorizes five of the names, but leaves...
CARMANIANS – A people mentioned in II Esd. xv. 30. The Carmanians are represented as joining battle with the "nations of the dragons of Arabia." The dragons gain the upper hand, but are themselves defeated later (xv. 33). This has been taken...
CARMI – 1. A son of Reuben who came to Egypt with Jacob (Gen. xlvi. 9; Ex. vi. 14; I Chron. v. 3). Also the name of a family of which Carmi was the head (Num. xxvi. 6). 2. A Judahite (I Chron. ii. 6), son of Zabdi, according to Josh....
CART – A translation of ('agalah). The cart was generally drawn by two oxen, or sometimes by cows, harnessed with cords (Isa. v. 18). It was used to convey the sacred utensils of the tabernacle (Num. vii 3-8). The Philistines returned...
CASIPHIA – The residence of the Nethinim, who were under the leadership of Iddo (Ezra viii. 17). Ezra sent them a message from Ahava, which resulted in their joining his forces at that place. The exact site of Casiphia is uncertain.J. Jr....
CASSIA – The term given as the translation for "ḳiddah" (Ex. xxx. 24; Ezek. xxvii. 19) and "ḳeẓi'ot" (Ps. xlv. 9). Ancient commentators agree in identifying the two. Onkelos to Ex. xxx. 24 renders "ḳiddah" by "ḳeẓi'ah"; Rashi does the...
CATHUA – Name of a family of Nethinim returning from Babylon with Zerubbabel (I Esd. v. 30). In the order of enumeration they correspond to Giddel in Ezra ii. 47 and Neh. vii. 49.E. G. H. G. B. L.
CAUL – Biblical Data: Nowadays applied to the membrane surrounding the human fetus; used also in other senses. In the Bible:1. A rendering of the Hebrew , the second on the list of toilet articles worn by the women of Jerusalem (Isa....
CEDAR – A tree of the pine family frequently mentioned in the Old Testament, where the "cedar of Lebanon" is generally meant. The cedar-tree grows best in a high, dry, and sandy region, and it found these requirements in the northern...
CEDRON – 1. Name of the brook Kidron as given in John xviii. 1. Near the stream was the garden in which Jesus was taken by the officials after he had been betrayed by Judas (see Kidron).2. A place mentioned in connection with Jamnia (the...
CHABRIS – Son of Gothoniel, and one of the three governors of Bethulia, a city besieged by Holofernes. Toward the end of the siege, which had entailed much suffering upon the Israelites, Chabris and his colleagues had agreed to hold out...
CHALPHI – Father of Judas. The latter was one of the two captains who remained when all the others under Jonathan had fled at the battle of the plain of Nasor (I Macc. xi. 70). Josephus refers to Chalphi, but calls him "Chapsios."J. Jr....
CHAMBERLAIN – The English rendering of . This Hebrew word is also translated "officer" (Gen. xxxvii. 36; II Kings viii. 6). If "chamberlain" is to be used at all, it must be taken in a very broad sense. The chamberlain is sometimes a mere...
CHARACA – A city about 750 stadia distant from Caspis. It was the seat of the Jews called "Tubieni." Judas Maccabeus went to this place after his conquest of Caspis (II Macc. xii. 17).E. G. H. G. B. L.
CHARGER – A rendering of two Hebrew words and a Greek one: (1) (ḳa'arah), occurring in the list of the donations of the chiefs of the tribes on the day of the dedication of the Tabernacle (Num. vii. 13 et seq.). Elsewhere the word is...
CHELUBAI – This is probably another form of the name Caleb. It occurs in I Chron. ii. 9.E. G. H.G. B. L.
CHEPHIRAH – City belonging originally to the Gibeonites (Josh. ix. 17), but which, in the apportionment of the land, fell to the lot of Benjamin (Josh. xviii. 26). Men of this city returned with Zerubbabel from the captivity in Babylon...
CHERAN – A name occurring in the genealogy of Seir the Horite (Gen. xxxvi. 26), and in the corresponding list in I Chron. i. 41. Dillmann (commentary on Gen. xxxvi. 26) suggests that it comes from "kar" (a lamb). The names in the lists...
CHERITH – The name of a brook or wadi near the Jordan, where Elijah, in the time of drought and famine, was told to hide himself, and there findwater and food (I Kings xvii. 3, 5). When the brook dried up he was sent to Zarephath. In the...
CHESALON – A border town of Judah (Josh. xv. 10), also known as "Mount Jearim." It lies in a directly west of Jerusalem, at a distance of twelve miles, and is the modern Kesla (Buhl, "Geographie des Alten Palästina," pp. 91, 166).E. G. H....
CHESED – A son of Nahor and Milcah (Gen. xxii.22). From the name the term "Casdim" (Chaldeans) is clearly derived.E. G. H. G. B. L.