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Gerson B. Levi,

New York City.

Contributions:
AHASUERUS – Biblical Data: 1. Persian king, identical with Xerxes (486-465 B.C.). The Book of Esther deals only with one period of his reign. It tells us that he ruled over one hundred and twenty-seven provinces—"from India, even unto...
AHAVA – A river—possibly a canal or branch of the Euphrates—upon the banks of which Ezra halted his expedition on its march from Babylon to Jerusalem (Ezra, viii. 15-31), to fast and to humble themselves before the Lord. From the...
AHIAM – Son of Sharar the Hararite. He was one of the thirty mighty men of David (II Sam. xxiii. 33). In I Chron. xi. 35, he is called "the son of Sacar." G. B. L.
AHIEZER – 1. Son of Ammishaddai, chief of the tribe of Dan in the second year after the Exodus (Num. i. 12), who brought his offering to the dedication of the Tabernacle on the tenth day (Num. vii. 66-71). 2. Chief of the men who came to...
AHIJAH, AHIAH, AHIJAHU – Etymology of the name uncertain. 1. Youngest son of Jerahmeel; or it is possible to take the name as that of his first wife; Atarah, the second, being given in the next verse (I Chron. ii. 25). 2. A Benjamite chief (I Chron....
AHIJAH, AHIAH, AHIJAHU – Etymology of the name uncertain. 1. Youngest son of Jerahmeel; or it is possible to take the name as that of his first wife; Atarah, the second, being given in the next verse (I Chron. ii. 25). 2. A Benjamite chief (I Chron....
AHIKAM – Son of Shaphan, the scribe, and father of Gedaliah. He was sent by King Josiah to consult Huldah, the prophetess, about the book of the Law. Later, in the reign of Jehoiakim, he protected Jeremiah from the hands of the enraged...
AHIMAAZ – 1. Father of Ahinoam, wife of Saul (I Sam. xiv. 50). 2. Commissary-general of Solomon in Naphtali, who married Basmath, the daughter of Solomon (I Kings iv. 15). 3. Son of Zadok, who, with Jonathan, the son of Abiathar, brought...
AHIRAM – Son of Benjamin (Num. xxvi. 38; called Ehi in Gen. xlvi. 21). In the corresponding list of I Chron. viii. 1 he appears as Aharah. His family is referred to as that of the Ahiramites (Num. xxvi. 38). G. B. L.
AHLAB – A city which Asher failed to conquer (Judges, i. 31). Perhaps this is identical with the later Gush Halab, which is the same as Gischala (see Neubauer, "G. T." p. 230). G. B. L.
AIN – 1. A city given to the Levites in the tribes of Judah and Simeon (Josh. xv. 32, xix. 7, xxi. 16; Neh. xi. 29). The Septuagint reading connects Ain and Rimmon and gives them as one; although the context of I Chron. iv. 32 is in...
AIN KADES – A well near the Arabah, first seen by Rowlands in 1842. He identified it with the Kadesh Barnea of the Bible. It was not seen again by Europeans till 1881, when it was visited by Trumbull, who has shown conclusively that Ain...
AKKUB – 1. Son of Elioenai, of the Judean royal family (I Chron. iii. 24). 2. A Levite, porter at the east gate of the Temple (I Chron. ix. 17; Neh. xi. 19, xii. 25). Children of Akkub are found (Ezra, ii. 42, 45; Neh. vii. 45) in the...
ALABASTER – The Alabaster of the ancients was the stalagmitic variety of carbonate of lime, and differed from what now is commonly known as Alabaster, which is sulphate of lime. From this material vases were made to hold unguents (see Matt....
ALAMETH – Son of Becher and grandson of Benjamin (I Chron. vii. 8). G. B. L.
ALEMETH – 1. Son of Jehoadah, in the genealogy of Benjamin (I Chron. viii. 36). In I Chron. ix. 42 he is called the son of Jarah. 2. For Alemeth in I Chron. vi. 45 [A. V. 60] see Almon. G. B. L.
ALGUM – A tree, the identity of which is uncertain. Jastrow, "Dict." s.v., suggests that it may be coral-wood; others, that it may be brazil-wood (so Kimḥi) or red sandal-wood. The name "Almug" (I Kings, x. 11) is said by some...
ALLON – 1. Son of Jedaiah, in the genealogy of Simon (I Chron. iv. 37). 2. One of those who returned with Zerubbabel (I Esd. v. 34),perhaps the same as Amon of Neh. vii. 59, Ami of Ezra, ii. 57. (While R. V. has "Allon," the Greek and...
ALLON BACHUTH – Biblical Data: An oak near Bethel, at the foot of which Deborah, the nurse of Rebekah, was buried (Gen. xxxv. 8). In Judges, iv. 5 a tree is referred to as the "palm-tree of Deborah," which has been identified by some with the...
ALMON – A city in the territory of Benjamin given to the priests (Josh. xxi. 18); now called 'Almit. Found also in the corresponding list of I Chron. vi. 45 [A. V. 60], but there called Alemeth.G. B. L.
ALMON DIBLATAIM – A stopping-place in Moab in the Israelites' journey from Egypt (Num. xxxiii. 46, 47). Called Beth Diblataim in Jer. xlviii. 22. G. B. L.
AMAN – 1. This name is found only in the Apocrypha, Tobit, xiv. 10. He is there mentioned as the persecutor of Achiacharus, but even in that passage the reading is not certain, the versions giving Nadab, Accab, and Adam as possible...
AMANA – 1. River rising in Anti-Lebanon and flowing through Damascus, the modern Nahr Barada (II Kings, v. 12, where there is a variant, Abana; see Abana). 2. Mountainous district of the Lebanon from which the Amana river rises (Cant....
AMARIAH – 1. The great-grandfather of the prophet Zephaniah (Zeph. i.) 2. The son of Azariah, who was high priest-in Solomon's temple (I Chron. v. 37). According to Ezra, vii. 3, he was an ancestor of his. In I Esd. viii. 2, and II Esd....
AMASA – Biblical Data: 1. According to II Sam. xvii. 25, the son of Ithra, an Israelite; I Chron. ii. 17 calls his father Jether, the Ishmaelite. He was a nephew of David and cousin of Absalom, who made him chief of the army that rose...