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Gerson B. Levi,

New York City.

Contributions:
BAALATH – 1. A Danite city (Josh. xix. 44).2. A city built by Solomon mentioned in connection with Tadmor (I Kings ix. 18; II Chron. viii. 6). Its site has not been determined.J. Jr. G. B. L.
BAALATH BEER – A city in the possession of Simeon (Josh. xix. 8); but in the corresponding list of I Chron. iv. 33 called "Baal."J. Jr. G. B. L.
BAANA – 1. Son of Ahilud, one of the twelve commissariat officers of Solomon. He had charge of the districts Taanach and Megiddo (I Kings iv. 12).2. Son of Hushai, another of the commissariat officers of Solomon; placed over Asher and...
BAANAH – 1. Son of Rimmon the Beerothite, of Benjamin, who, with his brother Rechab, was an officer under Ishbosheth. He killed Ishbosheth and brought his head to David in the hope of obtaining a reward; but instead of this, he and his...
BABYLONISH GARMENT – Biblical Data: An article of dress mentioned in connection with the theft of Achan (Josh. vii. 21) during the spoil of the captured city of Jericho. The connection would indicate that the garment was one of considerable value....
BAKBUK, SONS OF – A family of Nethinim that returned with Zerubbabel (see Ezra ii. 51 and the corresponding list of Neh. vii. 53). The identification of these with "the sons of Acub" mentioned in I Esd. v. 31 (compare Ezra ii. 45) is doubtful.J....
BAKBUKIAH – A Levite who returned with Zerubbabel (Neh. xii. 9); "second among his brethren" (Neh. xi. 17). He was one of those that lived in Jerusalem, and was a porter of the storehouse at the gate (Neh. xii. 25). G. B. L.J. Jr....
BALANCE – The word is used for three Hebrew words: (1) "mo'znaim" (Jer. xxxii. 10; Job vi. 2; Ps. lxii. 9; Isa. xl. 12, 15; Lev. xix. 36; Job xxxi. 6; Prov. xi. 11, etc.). (2) "ḳaneh" (Isa. xlvi. 6), and (3) "peles" (Prov. xvi. 11). The...
BAMAH – This word, which ordinarily designates a "high place" (see High Places), is introduced in Ezek. xx. 29 as a generic name for an idolatrous place of worship for the purpose of playing upon the word, as though "Bamah" were...
BARUCH – 1. Son of Zabbai or Zaccai, who took part in strengthening the wall of Jerusalem in the time of Nehemiah (Neh. iii. 20).2. A priest who signed the covenant with Nehemiah (Neh. x. 7).3. A Judahite whose son Maaseiah was a...
BASHAN – The tract of country north of Gilead, the Yarmuk being the dividing-line. It stretches eastward along this southern limit as far as Salchah or Salecah (Deut. iii. 10), the modern Salkhat; thence northward to Hermon (Deut. iii....
BATH-RABBIM – A term found only once in the Bible (Cant. vii. 4), apparently as the name of a gate at or near Heshbon. The passage is obscure; but of the various emendations that have been proposed—by Grätz," Schir ha-Schirim" ("Rabbath...
BEAN, BÆAN – A tribe destroyed by Judas Maccabeus (I Macc. v. 4; Josephus, "Ant." xii. 8, § 1) on account of its persistent attacks upon the Jews.J. Jr. G. B. L.
BEBAI – 1. Name of a family, of whom, according to Ezra ii. 11 and I Esd. v. 13, 623 returned with Zerubbabel. According to Neh. vii. 16, their number was 628. Twenty-eight more came up with Ezra (Ezra viii. 11). Four of the Bene Bebai...
BECHER – 1. Son of Benjamin, mentioned in Gen. xlvi. 21 and in the genealogical list of I Chron. vii. 6, 8, but does not occur in the genealogies of Num. xxvi. 38 and I Chron. viii. 1. 2. Son of Ephraim and eponym of the Bachrites (Num....
BECHORATH – An ancestor of Saul, and son of Aphiah (I Sam. ix. 1).J. Jr. G. B. L.
BED – In early as in later times the Bed of the poor was the bare ground, and the bedclothes the simple gown worn during the day, which was wrapped about one at night (Ex. xxii. 25, 26; Deut. xxiv. 13). Hence a pledge of the "simlah"...
BEDAD – Father of Hadad, one of the early kings of Edom (Gen. xxxvi. 35, and corresponding list I Chron. i. 46).J. Jr. G. B. L.
BEDAN – 1. A judge mentioned by Samuel in his farewell address (I Sam. xii. 11) among the judges that delivered Israel from their enemies. Though referred to along with Jerubaal, Jephthah, and Samuel, the name "Bedan" is not found in...
BEELIADA – A son of David (I Chron. xiv. 7), who in II Sam. v. 16 and I Chron. iii. 8 is called "Eliada." This is due to an intentional change by the scribe, to whom the name "Baal" was hateful, and who therefore substituted "El" in its...
BEER – 1. A halting-place of the Israelites near Arnon, in Moab, where they stopped during their wanderings in the desert (Num. xxi. 16). On the finding of the well a song was composed (Num. xxi. 17, 18): one of the earliest poetic...
BEER ELIM – A Moabite town mentioned in the lament for Moab (Isa. xv. 8). It is probably to be identified with the Beer of the desert wanderings (Num. xxi. 16).J. Jr. G. B. L.
BEERA – An Asherite (I Chron. vii 37).J. Jr. G. B. L.
BEERAH – Biblical Data: A descendant of Reuben, and head of the tribe at the time it was taken into captivity by Tiglath-pileser (I Chron.v. 6).J. Jr. G. B. L.—In Rabbinical Literature: Beerah, the prince of the tribe of Reuben, is...
BEEROTH – One of the cities of the Gibeonites (Josh. ix. 17) which after the conquest fell to the lot of Benjamin (Josh. xviii. 25). This possession, however, seems to have been but temporary; for in II Sam. iv. 3 we find that the...