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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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CABALA – Name and Origin (Hebrew form Ḳabbalah [ , from = "to receive"; literally, "the received or traditional lore"]): The specific term for the esoteric or mystic doctrine concerning God and the universe, asserted to have come down as...
CABALLERIA, DE LA – Marano family of Aragon, Spain, widely ramified, and influential through its wealth and scholarship, especially in Saragossa. The family descended from D. Solomon ibn Labi de la Caballeria, who had nine sons. The eldest, Bonafos...
CABALLERIA, BONAFOS – Anti-Jewish writer of the fifteenth century; son of Solomon ibn Labi de la Caballeria of Saragossa; assumed the name of "Micer Pedro" on becoming a convert to Christianity. From early youth he devoted himself to the study of the...
CABRET – Spanish translator; lived in Spain toward the end of the fourteenth century. The surname "Cabret" or "Cabrit," borne by several persons, is derived, according to Gross ("Gallia Judaica," p. 474), from a Spanish locality, Cabreta...
CABUL – A city on the boundary-line of Asher (Josh. xix. 27), identical with the modern Kabul (Buhl, "Geographie," p. 221). Josephus ("Vita," § 43) refers to it as "the village of Chabolo situated in the confines of Ptolemais." The name...
CACERES – A family, members of which have lived in Portugal, Holland, England, Mexico, Surinam, the West Indies, and the United States. They came, probably, from the city of Caceres in Spain.The first reference to any person bearing the...
CADENET – Small village in the department of Vaucluse, France. Like all places situated along the river Durance, Cadenet had a Jewish community in the Middle Ages. A document of the year 1283 states that this community, together with...
CÆCILIUS OF CALACTE – Rhetorician, critic, and historian; flourished in the first century B.C. at Calacte, a town on the northern coast of Sicily. He was the first Jew noted for literary activity at Rome. Little is known of his life. He was born a...
CÆSAR, CAIUS JULIUS – Roman dictator, consul, and conqueror; born July 12, 100 B.C. (according to Mommsen, 102 B.C.); assassinated March 15, 44 B.C. Cæsar's attitude toward the Jews is manifest from the many enactments issued in their favor by him...
CÆSAREA – 1. Cæsarea by the Sea: Ancient city of Palestine; called in early times "Strato's Tower" (Στράτωνος πύργος, Josephus, "Ant." xiii. 11, § 2; xiv. 4, § 4; xv. 8, § 5; xix. 8, § 2; idem, "B. J." i. 3, § 4; i. 21, § 5; Strabo, xvi....
CAGE – A rendering for in Jer. v. 27; but it is doubtful whether this translation is accurate. The Hebrew word occurs only once more—viz., in Amos viii. 1—where it seems to be a basket, probably of wickerwork, or some other net-like...
CAGLIARI – Capital of the island of Sardinia. It had a Jewish community in early times. When a Christianized Jew named Peter placed images of saints in the synagogue of that city on Easter Monday, the day following his baptism, to the...
CAGLIARI, ABRAHAM DA – Rabbi at Cagliari, Sardinia, in the eighth century. He is mentioned by Antonio di Tharos, the historian of that epoch, and by Delotone, in his "Ritmo di Gialeto." The latter relates that Abraham interpreted many Phenician...
CAHAN, ABRAHAM – Russian-American novelist and labor leader; born in Podberezhye, government of Wilna, July 7, 1860. His grandfather was a rabbi and preacher in Vidz, government of Vitebsk; and his father was a teacher of Hebrew and Talmud. The...
CAHANA, DAVID – See Kahana, David.
CAHANA, ELIEZER – See Kahana, Eliezer b. Reuben.
CAHANA, JACOB ABRAHAM – See Kahana, Jacob b. Abraham.
CAHANA (RAB) – See Kahana (Rab).
CAHANA (BEN TAḤLIFA) – See Kahana b. Taḥlifa.
CAHEN, ALBERT – French composer; born at Paris Jan. 8, 1846; a pupil of Cæsar Franck (composition) and Mme. Szarvady (pianoforte). He made himself known to the musical world by thefollowing compositions: (1) "Jean le Précurseur," a Biblical...
CAHEN, CORALIE – French philanthropist; born at Nancy, 1832; died at Paris March 12, 1899; wife of Mayer Cahen, chief physician of the Northern Railroad Company. Losing her husband and her only daughter before 1870, she devoted herself...
CAHEN, ISIDORE – French scholar and journalist; born at Paris in 1826; died there March 6, 1902. After having brilliantly completed his education at the Collége Charlemagne, he entered the Ecole Normale in the section of philosophy, having for...
CAHEN, SAMUEL – French Hebraist and journalist; born at Metz Aug. 4, 1796; died at Paris Jan. 8, 1862. He was brought up at Mayence; pursuing a course of rabbinical studies and devoting, at the same time, much attention to modern languages and...
CAHN, ARNOLD – German physician; born at Worms April 11, 1858. After completing his course at the gymnasium, he studied medicine at the University of Strasburg, graduating thence in 1881. He was assistant physician at the hospital of the...
CAHUN, DAVID LÉON – French Orientalist and writer; born June 23, 1841, at Haguenau, Alsace; died at Paris March 30, 1900. Cahun's family, which came originally from Lorraine, destined him for a military career; but owing to family affairs he was...