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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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ABRAHAM REUBEN – See Hoshke, Reuben.
ABRAHAM SABA – A preacher in Castile, where he was born in the middle of the fifteenth century. He became a pupil of Isaac de Leon. At the time of the expulsion of the Jews from Spain he took refuge in Portugal, where he met with further...
ABRAHAM IBN SAHL – See Abu Isḥaḳ, Ibrahim ibn Sahl.
ABRAHAM SAMUEL – Talmudist, preacher, and liturgical poet; flourished about the middle of the sixteenth century. He was a pupil of Abraham Motal, rabbi of Salonica, and later became teacher and preacher at Istib (Rumelia). He died childless...
ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL – Physician in Barcelona about 1030; contemporary of Abraham ben Ḥiyyah. He was highly esteemed at the court of Count Berenger for his knowledge of medical science.M. K.
ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL BEN ALDEMAGH – Hebrew poet of the thirteenth century, some of whose verses are found in Hebrew translations of Maimonides' Arabic commentary on the Mishnah.Bibliography: Catalogue des Manuscrits Hébreux et Samaritains de la Bibliotheque...
ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL COHEN OF LASK – A Jewish ascetic who flourished at the end of the eighteenth century. He went to live at Jerusalem in 1785, but afterward traveled through Europe as an agent for the collection of donations for the Polish Jews in Palestine,...
ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL ḤASDAI – See Ḥasdai, Abraham ben Samuel.
ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL MEYUḤAS – See Meyuḥas, Abraham ben Samuel.
ABRAHAM SON OF SAMUEL THE PIOUS – An eminent Talmudic scholar and elegist, the brother of Judah the Pious (of the Ḳalonymus family); was born at Speyer about the second half of the twelfth century. He attained a very old age, for Rabbi Eliezer ben Nathan (RABN)...
ABRAHAM, SAMUEL, OF SOFIA – A Turkish Talmudist who flourished in the middle of the seventeenth century. In collaboration with Michael ben Moses ha-Kohen he wrote "Moreh Ẓedeḳ" (Teacher of Righteousness), which wasprinted in Salonica in 1655. This is in...
ABRAHAM SANCI – See Sanci (Sanchi) Abraham.
ABRAHAM BEN SAUL BRODA – See Broda, Abraham ben Saul.
ABRAHAN SCHRENZEL – See Rapoport, Abraham.
ABRAHAM HA-SEPHARDI – Hebrew poet and ritualist. He was rabbi at Arta in 1521. Though not a Karaite, he has been credited with the authorship of the seven poems of four lines each which precede the different sections of the Nineteenth Psalm, printed...
ABRAHAM BEN SHABBETHAI COHEN OF ZANTE – Physician and poet; born in Crete in 1670; died in 1729. He must have removed at an early period to Zante. He studied under Hezekiah Manoah Provençal, a physician of Verona. He was the author of a poetical paraphrase of the...
ABRAHAM SHALOM – See Shalom Abraham.
ABRAHAM SHALOM BEN ISAAC BEN JUDAH BEN SAMUEL – See Shalom, Abraham, ben Isaac ben Judah ben Samuel.
ABRAHAM SHAMSULI – See Shamsuli, Abraham.
ABRAHAM BEN SHEM-ṬOB – Medical writer; born in the middle of the thirteenth century, probably at Marseilles, where his father, Shem-Ṭob ben Isaac of Tortosa, practised medicine. He is author of a medical handbook ( ) in ninety-one paragraphs. Of this,...
ABRAHAM BEN SHEM-ṬOB BIBAGO – See Bibago, Abraham ben Shem-Ṭob.
ABRAHAM BEN SHERIRA – Gaon in Pumbedita; successor to Rabbi Joseph bar Abba, from 816 to 828. He was inclined to mysticism, and was reputed to have the ability for predicting future events by watching the motion of the branches of trees. He is quoted...
ABRAHAM SHMOILOVICH – A Lithuanian merchant known also as "The Honorable Sir Abraham, the Jew of Turisk," who flourished at the end of the sixteenth and the beginning of the seventeenth century. His name figures in the books of the Brest-Litovsk...
ABRAHAM SHOFEṬ (BEN SAMUEL) – A Karaite leader; lived in Poland at the end of the seventeenth century. He was a favorite of King John Sobieski (1674-96), and largely instrumental in the foundation of Karaite colonies in the neighborhood of Lemberg, Galicia....
ABRAHAM IBN SHOSHAN OF CAIRO – Rabbi in Cairo, Egypt, in the sixteenth century, who together with RaDBAZ (David ibn Abi Zimra), gave a decision on a point of ritual.Bibliography: Michael, Or ha-Ḥayyim, No. 234.J.