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BONAVOGLIO (ḤEFEZ), MOSES, OF MESSINA – Sicilian physician; born at the end of the fourteenth century; died 1447. Renowned for his learning and eloquence, he was deputed in 1428 by seventeen Jewish communities of Sicily to wait on King Alfonso V. for the purpose of...
BONDAGE – See Slaves and Slavery.
BONDAVI (EN) – Translator; brother of Samuel of Marseilles; lived at Tarascon in the first half of the fourteenth century. Bondavi assisted his brother in revising the Hebrew translation, by Jacob ben Machir, of Abu Mohammed Jabir ibn Aflaḥ's...
BONDAVIN, BONJUDES – Physician; lived at the end of the fourteenth century and the beginning of the fifteenth. He practised medicine at Marseilles from 1381 to 1389, and in 1390 went to Sardinia, settling at Alghero. In addition to his medical...
BONDI, ABRAHAM BEN YOM-ṬOB – Bohemian Talmudist; died 1787 at Prague. His posthumous work, "Zera' Abraham" (Seed of Abraham), essays on various treatises of the Talmud and on the post-Talmudic writers who treat of marital questions, was published by his son...
BONDI, ELIJAH BEN SELIG – Austrian preacher; born at Prague at the end of the eighteenth century; died there about 1860. He studied Talmud at Presburg under the direction of Meshullam Tismenitz, and later at Alt-Ofen with Moses Münz. In 1826 he was...
BONDI, JONAS – American rabbi; born at Dresden, Saxony, July 9, 1804; died at New York March 11, 1874. He was educated at the University of Prague and in the theological circles of that city. He was president of the synagogue of his native...
BONDI, MORDECAI – German author; lived at Dresden in the first quarter of the nineteenth century. He wrote, together with his brother Simon Bondi, the "Or Ester," a Hebrew dictionary of the Latin words occurring in the Talmud, Targumim and...
BONDI, NEHEMIAH – See Bondi, Abraham b. Yom-Ṭob.
BONDI, PHILIP – Austrian rabbi; born at Jinoschitz, Bohemia, Feb. 26, 1830. After having received a good education at home under the care of his father (Samuel), Bondi entered the gymnasium at Prague in 1844, and studied Talmud and Rabbinica...
BONDI, SIMON – Lexicographer of the Talmud; lived at Dresden; died there Dec. 20, 1816. He wrote, together with his brother Mordecai, the "Or Ester" (Light of Esther), a Hebrew dictionary of the Latin words occurring in the Talmud, Targumim...
BONDMAID – See Slaves and Slavery.
BONDMAN – See Slaves and Slavery.
BONDOA – See Todros b. Moses Yom-Ṭob.
BONDS – See Deeds.
BÔNE (BONA) – Town in the province of Constantine, Algeria, called by the Romans "Hippo Regius." It had many Jewish inhabitants as early as the first centuries of the common era, as is attested by several epitaphs found in the environs of the...
BONENFANTE OF MILHAUD – French physician; lived in the fourteenth century. He was the author of a medical treatise entitled "Gabriel," still extant in manuscript (Günzburg, No. 316). Bonenfante translated also into Hebrew Arnold de Villeneuve's work,...
BONET, ABIGDOR B. MESHULLAM – See Abigdor, Abraham.
BONET, ABRAHAM PROPHIAT – See Bedersi, Jedaiah B. Abraham.
BONET, JACOB BEN DAVID BEN YOM-ṬOB (BONJORN) – Spanish astronomer; lived probably at Perpignan in the fourteenth century. He was the author of astronomical tables prepared at Perpignan in 1361. These tables, still extant in manuscript (Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, MS. No....
BONET DE LATES – Physician and astrologer; known chiefly as the inventor of an astronomical ring-dial by means of which solar and stellar altitudes can be measured and the time determined with great precision by night as well as by day; lived in...
BONET DE LUNEL, SEN – French author of the Middle Ages. He wrote a supercommentary on Ibn Ezra's Bible commentary, which is mentioned by Nathaniel Caspi in his commentary on the "Cuzari," written in 1387, and is still extant in manuscripts (among...
BONET B. MESHULLAM B. SOLOMON – See Abigdor, Abraham.
BONFED, SOLOMON BEN REUBEN – Rabbi at Saragossa, and poet; lived at the end of the fourteenth century and the beginning of the fifteenth. His diwan, still extant in manuscript (Neubauer, "Cat. Bodl. Hebr. MSS." No. 1984), is interesting intrinsically, as...
BONFILS, IMMANUEL BEN JACOB – Physician, mathematician, and astronomer; lived at Orange, France, and later at Tarascon, in the fourteenth century. He was the contemporary of the astronomer Levi ben Gerson of Bagnols. At one time Bonfils taught astronomy and...