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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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DESSAU, WOLF – See Wolf b. Joseph of Dessau.
DESSAUER, FERDINAND (DESSOIR, FERDINAND AUGUST) – German actor; son of Leopold Dessauer; born at Breslau Jan. 29, 1836; died in Dresden April 15, 1892. He was trained for the stage by Werner Mannheim, and made his début in 1852 as the Prince in "Dorf und Stadt." In the...
DESSAUER, GABRIEL L. – Hungarian rabbi and author; born at Neutra, Hungary, in 1805; died June 1, 1878. He became a pupil of R. Moses Sopher (Schreiber) at Presburg, and was for forty years rabbi at Balaton-Kojár, on the Plattensee, where he died. He...
DESSAUER, JOSEF – German composer; born at Prague May 28, 1798; died at Mödling, near Vienna, July 8, 1876; a pupil of Tomaczek (piano) and Dionys Weber (composition). In compliance with the wishes of his parents, Dessauer first devoted himself...
DESSAUER, JULIUS – Hungarian writer; son of Gabriel L. Dessauer; born at Neutra 1832. He was for some years rabbi at Ujpest. He has published the following works: "Die Fünf Bücher Moses. Nebst dem Raschi-Commentar, Punktirt, Leichtfasslich...
DESSAUER, LEOPOLD (DESSOIR, LUDWIG) – German actor; born at Posen Dec. 15, 1810; died Dec. 30, 1874, in Berlin. Dessauer, who was known during his stage career as "Dessoir," was the son of a Jewish merchant. He made his début in the theater of his native town in...
DESSAUER, MORITZ – German rabbi and author; son of Gabriel L. Dessauer; born at Balaton-Kojár, Hungary, May 24, 1842; died April 17, 1895, at Meiningen. He pursued his Talmudic studies at Vár-Palota and Stuhlweissenburg, and attended subsequently...
DESSOFF, FELIX OTTO – German conductor and composer; born Jan. 14, 1835, in Leipsic; died Oct. 28, 1891, at Frankfort-on-the-Main; studied with Moscheles, Plaidy (piano), Hauptmann (composition), and Reitz (instrumentation) at the Leipsic...
DESSOIR, FERDINAND – See Dessauer, Ferdinand.
DESSOIR, LUDWIG – See Dessauer, Leopold.
DETERMINISM – See Fatalism and Freewill.
DETMOLD – See Lippe.
DETMOLD, JOHANN HERMANN – German diplomat; born at Hanover July 24,1807; died there March 17, 1856. He was the son of Detmold, the court physician at Hanover, who, with his whole family, joined the Christian Church. Detmold received his education at the...
DETMOLD, SAMUEL – Austrian educator and translator; lived at the end of the eighteenth and in the first half of the nineteenth century. He was one of the collaborators on the German translation of the Bible which was published by a number of the...
DETROIT – Largest city in the state of Michigan. No authentic records of the settlement of Jews in the vicinity of Detroit, or in the state of Michigan, are found earlier than the middle of the nineteenth century. Even then the settlers...
DEUTERONOMIST – The name given by critics to the author of the discourses in Deuteronomy. See Deuteronomy.
DEUTERONOMY – The fifth book of the Pentateuch, called in Hebrew "Debarim" (Words), from the opening phrase "Eleh ha-debarim."; in Rabbinical Hebrew it is known also as "Mishneh Torah." The English appellation is derived from the name which...
DEUTERONOMY RABBAH – See Debarim Rabbah.
DEUTSCH, ALEXANDER – French financier; died April 18, 1889. He was head of the firm of A. Deutsch & Sons, of Paris, and was one of the most prominent financiers in that city, his firm taking the lead in the organization of the mineral-light...
DEUTSCH, ANTON – Hungarian journalist and politico-economic writer; born at Budapest Oct. 21, 1848. He studied in Budapest and Paris. Since 1870 he has worked with the "Pester Lloyd," the economic articles in which come from his pen. His most...
DEUTSCH, CAROLINE – German novelist; born at Namesto, a small Hungarian village, Feb. 23, 1846. Her father, a rabbi, was German in culture, and the German language and spirit prevailed in the family. While still very young, Caroline began to write...
DEUTSCH, DAVID – German rabbi; born at Zülz, Silesia, 1810; died at Sohrau, Silesia, July 31, 1873. He was brought up by his relative Menahem Deutsch, at Breslau. He studied Talmud under Mordecai Benet at Nikolsburg, and under Moses Sofer at...
DEUTSCH (AARON), DAVID – Hungarian rabbi and Talmudic author; born in Raudnitz, Bohemia, about 1812; died at Balassa-Gyarmath, Hungary, April 26, 1878. He received his early education under his grandfather, Joseph Deutsch, who was rabbi in Raudnitz, and...
DEUTSCH, DAVID B. MENAHEM MANDEL – Hungarian rabbi and Talmudist; born about 1760; died in 1830 at Novo Mesto (Waag-Neustadtl), Hungary. He officiated first at Szerdahely, and subsequently, after 1810, at Waag-Neustadtl. One of the most prominent Hungarian...
DEUTSCH, EMANUEL OSCAR MENAHEM – Orientalist; born at Neisse, in Silesia, Oct. 28, 1829; died at Alexandria, Egypt, May 12, 1873. His early training was conducted by his uncle, David Deutsch of Myslowitz, to whom he owed his wide acquaintance with Hebrew...