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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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ELIADA – See Beeliada.
ELIAKIM – Name borne by three Biblical personages. 1. Son of Hilkiah; appointed successor of Shebna, the "treasurer" (R. V. "scribe," margin "secretary") of Hezekiah (Isa. xxii. 20 et seq.). The office to which he succeeded is described...
ELIAKIM – A Palestinian scholar of the third century. His name is connected with no halakot, and with a single haggadah only. He construes the Psalmist's saying (Ps. i. 6), "The Lord knoweth the way of the righteous; but the way of the...
ELIAKIM BEN ABRAHAM – Cabalist and grammarian; lived at London in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. His works are: "'Asarah Ma'amarot," a collection of ten essays; "Milḥamot Adonai," on philosophy and religion; "Binah la-'Ittim," on the...
ELIAKIM BEN ASHER SELIG – Polish Talmudic scholar; lived at Yampol in the eighteenth century. He was sent by the Polish Jews (1757) to Rome to defend them against the blood accusation, and presented a petition to Pope Benedict XIV., who commissioned...
ELIAKIM GOTTSCHALK OF ROTHENBURG – German Talmudist; lived in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. He was a descendant of Meïr of Rothenburg, and, according to Michael, the son of Raphael ben Eliakim of Rothenburg. If Michael is correct, Eliakim was identical...
ELIAKIM (GÖTZ) BEN JACOB – Galician cantor, teacher, and translator; born at Komarno; died at Amsterdam before 1709. He was the author of: "Leshon Limmudim," a guide to letter writing in Hebrew (Amsterdam, 1686); "Seliḥot," in Judæo-German, recited by the...
ELIAKIM (GÖTZ) BEN MEÏR – Polish Talmudist; flourished in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. In his youth, at Posen, he devoted himselfto the study of the Talmud, afterward accepting the position of rabbi in the neighboring community of...
ELIAKIM BEN MESHULLAM (HA-LEVI) – German Talmudist and payyeṭan; born about 1030; died at the end of the eleventh century in Speyer, Rhenish Bavaria. He studied at the yeshibot in Mayence and Worms, having Rashi as a fellow student. Eliakim himself founded a...
ELIAKIM BEN NAPHTALI – Italian ethical writer; lived in the fifteenth century; author of "Ṭob Shem. Ṭob," selections from the Talmud and Midrashim, treating of the retribution, the suffering in the tomb, and the resurrection. The work, divided into 11...
ELIAM – 1. One of David's heroes (II Sam. xxiii. 34); son of Ahithophel the Gilonite (comp. I Chron. xi. 36).2. Father of Bath-sheba (II Sam. xi. 3). In I Chron. iii. 5 the name occurs transposed as "Ammiel" is found in the Phenician...
ELIANO, VITTORIO – Jewish convert to Christianity; grandson of Elijah Levita; lived in Italy in the sixteenth century; became priest and canon. Well versed in Hebrew literature, he was appointed censor of Hebrew books, first at Cremona, afterward...
ELIAS CRETENSIS – See Delmedigo, Elijah.
ELIAS, JULIUS – German author; born at Hoya, Hanover, June 21, 1861. He was educated at Dorotheenstadt industrial school, Friedrich Werder gymnasium, and Munich University, taking his Ph.D. degree in 1888. He is the author of "Christian...
ELIAS LEVITA – See Levita, Elijah.
ELIAS, NEY – British consul-general at Meshed, Persia, and explorer; died in London May 31, 1897. At an early age he found his way to China, and in 1871 conceived the daring project of returning to Europe overland, across the entire...
ELIAS PASHA – See Cohen, Elias.
ELIAS, SAMUEL – English pugilist, popularly known as "Dutch Sam"; born April 4, 1775, in London; died July 3, 1816. After successful contests with Tom Jones (July 3, 1801), Caleb Baldwin (Aug. 7, 1804), and Britton of Bristol (April 27, 1805),...
ELIASBERG, BEZALEEL JUDAH – Russian Hebraist; born at Ivenitz 1800; died at Minsk 1847. Under the title "Marpe le-'Am," with a supplement entitled "Ḳonṭres Reshit Da'at," he translated from the Polish into Hebrew the medical work of Friedrich Pauliczki (2...
ELIASBERG, JONATHAN B. MORDECAI – Russian rabbi; born in Kovno 1850; died in Volkovisk, government of Grodno, Nov. 20, 1898. His first rabbinate was in Pumpian, government of Wilna, and he afterward became rabbi of Mariampol, government of Suwalki. Like his...
ELIASBERG, MORDECAI B. JOSEPH – Russian rabbi; born in Chaikishok, government of Grodno, Feb., 1817; died in Bausk, Courland, Dec. 11, 1889. His father-in-law, who had settled in Kovno as soon as Jews were permitted to dwell there, established him in that city...
ELIEZER – 1. Servant of Abraham; mentioned by name only in Gen. xv. 2, a passage which presents some difficulties. Eliezer is described by Abraham as (R. V. "possessor of my house") and as (R. V. "Dammesek-Eliezer"). According to Eduard...
ELIEZER – Palestinian amora of the fifth century; contemporary of Abdimi (Yer. 'Er. x. 26a) and of Berechiah II. (Gen. R. lxxvii. 3; Yalḳ., Gen. 132). Conjointly with Abba Mari and Mattaniah, he permitted Jews to bake bread on the Sabbath...
ELIEZER THE ASTRONOMER – German scholar of the sixteenth century; author of "Ge Ḥizzayon," an astrological compilation fromHebrew, Arabic, and Latin sources (Neubauer, "Cat. Bodl. Hebr. MSS." No. 2066). He quotes Abraham bar Ḥiyya ha-Nasi, Ibn Ezra,...
ELIEZER OF BEAUGENCY – French exegete of the twelfth century; born at Beaugency, capital of a canton in the department of Loiret; pupil of Samuel ben Meïr, the eminent grandson of Rashi. Eliezer was one of the most distinguished representatives of his...