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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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ELIEZER OF TOULOUSE – French tosafist; died about 1234. In his youth Eliezer was a tutor in the house of the wealthy scholar Hezekiah ben Reuben of Boppard. His tosafot on Beẓah are quoted by Zedekiah Anaw in his "Shibbole ha-Leḳeṭ,"and other...
ELIEZER OF TOUQUES – French tosafist; lived at Touques in the second half of the thirteenth century. He abridged the tosafot of Samson of Sens, Samuel of Evreux, and many others, and added thereto marginal notes of his own, entitled "Gilyon...
ELIEZER (ELEAZAR) B. ZADOK – 1. Tanna of the first century; disciple of Johanan the Horonite (Tosef., Suk. ii. 3; Yeb. 15b). He traced his descent from Shinhab or Senaah of the tribe of Benjamin ('Er. 41a; Ta'an. 12a). In his youth he saw the Temple in its...
ELIEZER BEN ZEEB WOLF – Russian rabbi; lived about the middle of the eighteenth century. He was the author of two works: (1) "Imre Shefer," containing sermons, Poryck, 1786; and (2) "Dammeseḳ Eli'ezer," containing novellæ on Talmud and Tosafot, ethical...
ELIHU – Name of several Biblical personages. It has two forms— and —and its meaning is "He is my God," i.e., "He remains my God and does not change," not as G. Hoffmann ("Hiob," 1891, p. 23) renders it: "He is my God," i.e., "My God is...
ELIJAH – Biblical Data: The name means "Yhwh is (my) God," and is a confession that its bearer defended Yhwh against the worshipers of Baal and of other gods. It has therefore been assumed that the prophet took this name himself...
ELIJAH, APOCALYPSE OF – See Apocalyptic Literature.
ELIJAH'S CHAIR – At every circumcision Elijah, "the angel of the covenant," as he is called in Malachi (iii. 1), is supposed to be seated at the right hand of the sandek, upon a chair richly carved and ornamented with embroideries ("kisse shel...
ELIJAH BEN ABRAHAM – Karaite scholar of the twelfth century. He was the author of a work entitled "Ḥaluḳḳot ha-Ḳara'im weha-Rabbanim," on the controversy between Karaites and Rabbinites (published by Pinsker in his "Liḳḳuṭe Ḳadmoniyyot," Supplement,...
ELIJAH B. ABRAHAM HA-LEVI – See Öttingen.
ELIJAH HA-'ADENI – Rabbi and payyeṭan cf Cochin, India; dates of birth and death unknown. He was a native of Aden, and was therefore called "Ha-'Adeni," that is to say, "the man of Aden." He wrote "Azharot," a piyyuṭ, on the 613 commandments,...
ELIJAH ALAMANNUS – Spanish physician and diplomat of the fifteenth century, and court physician of the Duke of Bourbon (probably Louis II. of France). Alfonso V., King of Aragon, confided to him a mission to Pope Martin V. He went to Rome in...
ELIJAH B. AZRIEL OF WILNA – Grammarian and author, died after 1748. He wrote: "Ma'aneh Eliyahu," rules for Hebrew reading, Frankfort-on-the-Main, 1704; "Miḳra Ḳodesh," rules of Hebrew grammar, Berlin, 1713; "Miktab me-Eliyahu," a commentary on the "Or...
ELIJAH BA'AL SHEM OF CHELM – Polish rabbi; born in 1550; died at Chelm. About 1565 he entered the yeshibah of Rabbi Solomon Luria of Lublin, and, after receiving the rabbinical ordination, became rabbi of Chelm, which position he held until his death....
ELIJAH HA-BABLI – See Tanna debe, Eliyahu.
ELIJAH BAḤUR – See Levita, Elijah.
ELIJAH BE'ER (FONTE) B. SHABBETHAI – Italian physician; born in Germany at the end of the fourteenth century. He settled in Italy, where the Senate accorded him citizen's rights in Viterbo, and, in 1405, in Rome; confirmed by Pope Innocent VII. Feb. 6, 1406. He was...
ELIJAH BEN BENJAMIN HA-LEVI – Turkish rabbi; flourished in Constantinople in the sixteenth century. He succeeded one of his teachers, Elijah Mizraḥi, as rabbi in Constantinople (1526). Elijah made the first collection of prayers for the Maḥzor Romania...
ELIJAH COHEN BEN MOSES BEN NISSIM – Oriental scholar of the second half of the thirteenth century. He translated an Arabic maḳamah, similar to the "Assemblies" of Ḥariri, into Hebrew under the title "Megillat ha-'Ofer." A manuscript copy is in the Bodleian...
ELIJAH B. ELIEZER – See Delmedigo, Elijah B. Eliezer.
ELIJAH BEN EZEKIEL – Rabbi of Byelgorai, Poland, in the eighteenth century. His father, Ezekiel, was rabbi of Ostrovtsi, Galicia, and he washimself a friend of Ḥayyim Rapoport, rabbi of Lemberg. He wrote: "Har ha-Karmel," responsa, arranged in the...
ELIJAH OF FERRARA – Italian Talmudist and traveler of the earlier part of the fifteenth century. He was engaged in 1437 as lecturer and teacher in Jerusalem, where he arrived after a stormy voyage, during which he lost his son and grandson. He...
ELIJAH GAON – See Elijah b. Solomon.
ELIJAH ḤAYYIM B. BENJAMIN – See Genazzano, Elijah Ḥayyim.
ELIJAH BEN ISAAC OF CARCASSONNE – French Talmudist; flourished in the first half of the thirteenth century; progenitor of the De Latas, or Lattes, family. He took the name of the city in which he was living, his son Jacob afterward adopting the name of "Lattes."...