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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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FAYYUMI, AL- – See Saadia ben Joseph Gaon.
FAYYUMI, NATHANAEL AL- – Talmudic scholar and philosopher; flourished in Yemen about the middle of the twelfth century. He wrote a philosophical work in Judæo-Arabic, called "Bustan al'Uḳul," which he divided into seven parts: (1) the unity of God, (2)...
FEAR OF GOD – The Hebrew equivalent of "religion." It is the mainspring of religion, morality, and wisdom, and is productive of material prosperity and well-being. Who fears God will refrain from doing the things that would be displeasing to...
FEAR OF MAN – Respect of parents is especially enjoined by both Scripture and Talmud (Ex. xx. 12; Deut. v. 16). The Talmud makes reverence for parents equal in importance to reverence for God (Ḳid. 30b), for parents are God's representatives...
FEASTS – See Festivals.
FEDER, TOBIAS GUTMANN – Polish poet and grammarian, born at Przedborz about 1760; died at Tarnopol, Galicia, 1817. He followed in turn the professions of preacher, proof-reader, cantor, and teacher (1780).Feder was an ardent admirer of Elijah Wilna,...
FEDERATION OF AMERICAN ZIONISTS – Zionist association organized in 1897 under the name of "Federation of Zionist Societies of Greater New York and Vicinity." It gradually expanded by absorbing societies outside New York, and on July 4, 1898, a convention was...
FEE – A payment for service done or to be done, usually for professional or special services, the amount being usually fixed by law or custom. The duties discharged by the Levites in connection with the service of the Tabernacle and,...
FEET, WASHING OF – Biblical Data: Since the Israelites, like all other Oriental peoples, wore sandals instead of shoes, and as they usually went barefoot in the house, frequent washing of the feet was a necessity. Hence among the Israelites it was...
FEILBOGEN, JOSEPH – Austrian rabbi; born 1784; died at Strassnitz, Moravia, March 3, 1869. He officiated as rabbi successively at Piesling, Pirnitz, Kanitz, Great Meseritz and Holleschau. He was considered one of the keenest Talmudists of Moravia,...
FEILCHENFELD, GABRIEL FABIAN – German rabbi and author; born at Schlichtingsheim, Silesia, June 18, 1827. He received his first training in rabbinical literature in Rawitsch, the home of his father, and continued his studies in Dresden under his...
FEINBERG, SOLOMON – Russian financier and philanthropist; born at Yurburg, near Kovno, in 1821; died at Königsberg, Prussia, May 21, 1893. He settled at Königsberg in 1866. At the out-break of the persecutions of the Jews in Russia in the year...
FEINSTEIN, ARYEH LÖB – Russian scholar; born at Damachev, near Brest-Litovsk, Dec. 6, 1821; died there Jan. 20, 1903. Feinstein studied the Talmud for many years, and afterward accepted the position of foreman with a firm at Brest. In his commercial...
FEIS, JACOB – German merchant and author; died on July 7, 1900, in London, where he had resided for many years. He devoted his literary attainments chiefly to rendering some of the English classics into German, including Tennyson's "In...
FEISTEL, LEVY – French army officer; born 1789; died 1855. After receiving a Talmudic training, he went to Mayence in 1806, and was admitted into the polytechnic school. He entered the army, and became a captain of artillery in 1813, and a...
FEIWEL (PHOEBUS), URI SHRAGA B. SOLOMON – Rabbi of Dubrovno, government of Mohilev, Russia, at the end of the eighteenth century and at the beginning of the nineteenth; married a daughter of Elijah Wilna. He is known only as the author of "Minḥat Shelomoh," notes on the...
FEKETE, JOSEPH – Hungarian journalist; born in Kecskemét Nov. 19, 1854; studied law at Berlin and Leipsic. At the latter city he founded the critical review "Deutsche Reichslaterne." In 1884 he went to Budapest, where, together with Josef...
FELBERMAN, LOUIS – Author and journalist; born in Hungary in 1861. In 1881 he went to England, and subsequently joined the staff of the society journal "Life" (then owned by his brother), of which he himself is now (1903) proprietor and editor....