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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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IGNORANCE OF THE LAW – Through the institution of Hatra'ah, warning by the witnesses before the crime was committed was made by the Rabbis a prerequisite to the infliction of punishment for all criminal acts (Sanh. 8b). The warning once given, the...
IḲRIṬI (V06p559001.jpg), SHEMARIAH B. ELIJAH OF NEGROPONT – Italian philosopher and Biblical exegete; contemporary of Dante and Immanuel; born probably at Rome about 1275, the descendant of a long line of Roman Jews. His father, in his youth, went as rabbi to Crete, whence his surname,...
IL PROGRESSO LADINO – See Periodicals.
ILIOWIZI, HENRY – American rabbi and author; born in Choinick, in the government of Minsk, Russia, Jan. 2, 1850. His father was affiliated with the Ḥasidim. Iliowizi was educated at first in the local ḥeder, afterward at the yeshibah of Vietka,...
'ILISH – Babylonian scholar of the fourth century (fourth amoraic generation); contemporary of Raba (B. M. 96a). He and the daughters of R. Naḥman were kidnaped. One day while 'Ilish was sitting in the company of a fellow captive who...
ILIYER MANASSEH – See Manasseh, Iliyer.
ILLEGITIMACY – The state of being born out of lawful wedlock; in Jewish law, the state of being born of any of the marriages prohibited in the Bible and for which the punishment is excision ("karet"; Yeb. 49a; Maimonides, "Yad," Issure Biah,...
ILLESCOS, JACOB DI – Bible commentator, probably of Italian origin; lived in the fourteenth century. He was the author of "Imre No'am," an allegorical, cabalistic, and grammatical commentary on the Pentateuch, with explanatory notes on the obscure...