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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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JÜDISCHE MONATSSCHRIFT – See Periodicals
JÜDISCHE PRESSE, DIE – Organ für die Gesammt-Interessen des Judenthums: Weekly periodical published in Berlin since 1869. Its editors have been S. Enoch and Israel Hildesheimer and his son Hirsch Hildesheimer. At various times I. Holländer, S. Meyer,...
JÜDISCHE SCHULBOTE, DER – See Periodicals.
JÜDISCHE TURNZEITUNG – A Jewish monthly; published in Berlin by Herman Jalowicz as the official organ of the Jüdischer Turnverein Bar Kochba. The first number appeared July, 1900. Its object is to advance the physical education of the Jewish race by...
JÜDISCHE VOLKSBLATT, DAS – See Periodicals.
JÜDISCHE VOLKSSCHULE – See Periodicals.
JÜDISCHE VOLKSZEITUNG – See Periodicals.
JÜDISCHE WELTBLATT, DAS – See Periodicals.
JÜDISCHE ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR WISSENSCHAFT UND LEBEN – Quarterly publication issued in Breslau from 1862 to 1873 (11 vols.) by Abraham Geiger. It was originally Geiger's intention to call it "Zeitschrift Biblischer und Jüdischer Wissenschaft," and he was partly led to issue the...
JÜDISCHES CENTRALBLATT – See Periodicals.
JÜDISCHHEIT – Medieval German expression for the Jewish community of a certain locality or of a whole country. Thus the gilds of Speyer in 1352, readmitting the Jews after their expulsion in 1349, speak of them as "Jüdischheit, die bi uns zu...
JUDITH, BOOK OF – Title. An Apocryphal book in sixteen chapters. The book receives its title from the name of its principal character, Judith ( = "Jewess"; in the Greek transliteration, Ἰουδείθ), a name found also in Gen. xxvi. 34 (comp. the...
JUDITH, MADAME – French actress; born in Paris Jan. 30, 1827. She began her theatrical career at the Théâtre des Folies-Dramatiques in 1842, where her melodious voice and graceful bearing won her the heart of the public, to whom she was known as...
JUDITH MONTEFIORE COLLEGE – Theological seminary founded in 1869 by Sir Moses Montefiore in honor of his wife, Lady Judith Montefiore, at Ramsgate. Kent, England, near his residence, East Cliff Lodge. It mainly took the form of a bet ha-midrash attended by...
JUDITH OF WORMS – See Worms.
JUIVERIE – See Ghetto.
JULIAN THE APOSTATE (FLAVIUS CLAUDIUS JULIANUS) – Roman emperor; born Nov. 17, 331; reigned from Nov., 361, till June, 363.The recognition of Christianity as the religion of the state by Constantine the Great, uncle of Julian, about the year 312 had resulted in an increase of...
JULIAN OF TOLEDO – Primate of Spain; born in Toledo (where he was also baptized); died in 690. He was the first of the long list of ecclesiastical princes who were of the Jewish race and who opposed and persecuted their former coreligionists. That...
JULIANUS – Leader of a Samaritan rebellion at Nablus in 530 against the Romans; son of Samaron or Sabarona or, according to another reading, Sahir. Julianus took the title of king or emperor, and wore a diadem and other insignia of...
JULIANUS B. TIBERIANUS – See Luliani ben Tabrin.
JÜLICH – City of Rhenish Prussia, near Aix-la-Chapelle, situated on the Ruhr. In 1227 Emperor Frederick II. conferred upon Count Wilhelm of Jülich the right to dispose, without any interference on the part of the crown, of any Jews who...
JULIUS III. (GIOVANNI MARIA DEL MONTE) – Two hundred and twenty-eighth pope; born at Rome 1487; elected pope Feb. 8, 1550;died March 22, 1555. Personally he was favorably inclined toward the Jews. He attached to his person a Jewish physician named Theodoro de...
JULIUS ARCHELAUS – Son of Chelcias ("Ant." xix. 9, § 1; xx. 7, § 1 [without "Julius"]), and, to judge from his name, a Hellenized Jew, probably of a rich and noble family. He was chosen by King Agrippa I. as husband for his first daughter,...
JULIUS, HENRIETTE – See Julius, NiKolaus Heinrich.
JULIUS, NIKOLAUS HEINRICH – German physician and prison-reformer; born at Altona, Germany, Oct. 3, 1783; died at Hamburg Aug. 20, 1862. He received his early education at Hamburg and at the Graue Kloster at Berlin. He studied medicine at Heidelberg and...