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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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KAZIMIERZ – See Cracow.
KEAN, EDMUND – English actor; born in London Nov. 4 (?), 1787; died at Richmond, near London, May 15, 1833. He was the natural son of Aaron Kean, a Jew (Stirling, "Old Drury Lane," ii. 131). Contemporary writers have alluded frequently to...
KECSKEMÉT – See Hungary.
KEDAR – One of the sons of Ishmael (Gen. xxv. 13; I Chron. i. 29). The name is also applied in Scripture to the tribe that sprang from him, and is likewise used for the Bedouins generally, whose characteristic traits are ascribed to...
ḲEDESHAH – The ḳedeshot were sacred prostitutes attached to the Temple as priestesses of Ashtoreth or Astarte. The worship of Ashtoreth was introduced by Solomon (I Kings xi. 5); and it is possible that the obscene rites connected...
ḲEDUSHSHAH – The third benediction of the 'Amidah is called "Holiness of the Name" (R. H. iv. 4), to distinguish it from "Holiness of the Day," the benediction which refers to the Sabbath or a festival; but "Ḳedushshah" in popular speech...
KEEFAR-NAHUN – See Capernaum.
KEFAR-SALAMA (CAPHAR-SALAMA) – Scene of Nicanor's unsuccessful attack upon Judas Maccabeus (I Macc. vii. 31; comp. Josephus, "Ant." xii. 10, § 4). The exact site is somewhat doubtful. There are several names of places in modern Palestine between Jaffa and...
ḲEHILLAH – See Community, Organization of.
KEILAH – 1. A city of Judah in the Shephelah, commonly identified with the modern Khurbat Kila, seven miles east of Eleutheropolis. The city is first mentioned in the Bible in the list of Judah's cities "in the valley" (Josh. xv. 44)....
KELIM – Treatise in the Mishnah and in the Tosefta, dealing chiefly with a more precise definition of the rules in Lev. xi. 32 et seq., Num. xix. 14 et seq., and xxxi. 20 et seq. The name "Kelim" is found in the Mishnah itself (Kelim...
KELLER, NAPHTALI – Austrian scholar; born at Tarnow, Galicia, Jan. 25, 1834; died at Rožnau, Moravia, Aug. 5, 1865; son of Israel Mendel Keller, a well-to-do innkeeper. Naphtali as a mere youth practised speaking Hebrew with his friend M....
KELLNER, LEON – Austrian scholar; born at Tarnow 1859. He studied Bible and Talmud up to the age of eighteen, then academic subjects at the Jewish Theological Seminary of Breslau and at the gymnasium of Bielitz, and subsequently Germanic...
KELMER MAGGID – See Moses Isaac of Chelm.
KELTER, ARTHUR – American athlete; born in New York city March 3, 1869; went to San Francisco, Cal., when nine years old. Kelter became a gymnast and also took up roller-skating as a profession. He holds the record for jumping on skates, which...
KEMPNER, FRIEDERIKE – German poet; born at Opatow, Posen, June 25, 1836; died at Friederikenhof Feb. 23, 1904. She early developed aninterest in general humanitarian questions and especially in hygiene, and urgently advocated the introduction of...
KEMPNER, GABRIEL – Polish jurist and author; born at Kalisz, Poland, July 4, 1855. After having finished his curriculum at Kalisz he studied law in the University of Warsaw, where he was graduated.Kempner has written lyric verses and translated...