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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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KHIN, RACHEL MIRONOVNA – Russian authoress; born in White Russia in 1863; educated at the Women's gymnasium, Moscow; studied medicine at St. Petersburg and history and literature at Paris. Her novels and sketches first appeared in the "Vyestnik...
KHOLM (CHELM) – Russian district town in the government of Lublin. Its Jews are mentioned in various documents of 1550 to 1569. In the latter year the delegate from Kholm to the Diet of Lublin complained of the growing power of the Jews and...
KHORASAN – One of the five great divisions of Persia, bounded on the east by Afghanistan; on the north by Zakaspie, the transcaspian territory of Russia; and on the south by Kirwan. In ancient times it was the territory immediately east of...
KHUDAIDAD – See Judæo-Persian Literature.
KHURILKAR, JOSEPH DANIEL – BeniIsrael soldier; bahadur subahdar in the Anglo-Indian army. He enlisted in the Sixteenth Regiment Bengal Native Infantry, and was successively promoted to the ranks of jemidar (July 14, 1856), subahdar (Jan. 1, 1858), and...
KHURILKAR, SAMUEL EZEKIEL – Beni-Israel soldier; subahdar in the Anglo-Indian army. He enlisted in the Sixteenth Native Infantry of Bengal in 1790, and was made subahdar May 21, 1802. He was decorated with a bronze medal dated May 4, 1799, on one side of...
KIAMIL PASHA – Turkish official; born at Nicosia, Cyprus, in 1832. Educated on that island and in Egypt, he at the age of seventeen entered the service of the Egyptian government, afterward passing into that of Turkey, under which he has...
KIBROTH-HATTAAVAH – A station of the Israelites in the wilderness on the journey from Sinai to Kadesh (Num. xi. 34, xxxiii. 16). The name, which means "the graves of lust," was given to the place on account of its being the burial-ground of the...
KID – See Goat.
ḲIDDUSH – Ceremony and prayer by which the holiness of the Sabbath or of a festival is proclaimed. For the Sabbath the Scripture imposes this duty in the words: "Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy," which, according to Shab. 86a,...
ḲIDDUSH LEBANAH – See New-Moon.
ḲIDDUSH HA-SHEM – Terms denoting the highest positive and negative standards of Jewish ethics, the one indicating that everything within man's power should be done to glorify the name of God before the world, the other that everything should be...
ḲIDDUSHIN – Name of a treatise in the Mishnah, Tosefta, and the Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmuds; it is devoted chiefly to discussion of the various modes of betrothal and the conditions which must be fulfilled to make a marriage valid....
KIDNAPING – See Abduction.
KIDRON – A ravine on the east of Jerusalem, separating the city from the Mount of Olives (comp. II Sam. xv. 23, 30). Except in II Kings xxiii. 4, "Kidron" is always preceded by "Naḥal," which, like the Arabic "Wadi," has the double...
KIERA (ESTHER) – Jewish favorite of the sultana Baffa, who was the wife of Murad III. and the mother of Mohammed III. (not, as Graetz designates her, the mother of Mohammed IV.); died 1600. The widow of one Elias Chandali, Esther gained great...
KIEV – The mother of Russian cities"; situated on the right bank of the Dnieper, in the government of the same name. In 1902 it had a population of 249,830, including about 20,000 Jews.Settled Under the Chazars. It is difficult to...