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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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KIRJATH-ARBA – See Hebron.
KIRJATH-JEARIM – 1. A descendant of Caleb, the son of Hur (I Chron. ii. 50, 52, 53). 2. One of the towns of the Gibeonites (Josh. ix. 17), which belonged to the tribe of Judah (ib. xv. 60; Judges xviii. 12), on the border of Benjamin (Josh....
KIRJATH-SEPHER – City in the hill-country of Judah (Josh. xv. 49), situated to the south of Hebron (x. 38), on a prominence not very far from that city (ib. xv. 15). It was the former name of Debir (ib. xv. 15; Judges i. 11), and was also known...
KIRJATHAIM – 1. City on the Moabite plateau, assigned by Moses to Reuben; mentioned with Heshbon and Elealeh (Num. xxxii. 37) as well as with Kedemoth and other cities which had previously belonged to Sihon (Josh. xiii. 18-20). It is spoken...
ḲIRḲISANI, ABU YUSUF YA'ḲUB AL – Karaite dogmatist and exegete; flourished in the first half of the tenth century; a native of Circassia (whence the name of Ḳirḳisani). He seems to have traveled throughout the Orient, visiting the centers of Mohammedan...
KIRK-KILISSEH – City in Thrace, European Turkey, 102 miles north of Constantinople. The name signifies in Turkish "forty churches."Kirk-Kilisseh is an ancient Greek city, and it contained no Jews when Sultan Murad II. conquered it in 1436....
KIRSCHBAUM, ELIEZER SIMON – Austrian physician and writer; born at Sieniawa, Galicia, 1797; died at Cracow 1860. After studying philosophy and medicine in Berlin, he settled as a physician in Cracow, and as "Der Berliner Doctor"soon acquired an extensive...
KIRSTEIN, MORITZ – German physician; born at Filehne 1830; died in Berlin July 12, 1896. He studied at the Gymnasium zum Grauen Kloster, in Berlin, and later at the university of that city, obtaining his M.D. degree in 1855. The same year he went...
KISCH – Family of some distinction; migrated in the 16th century from Chiesch in Bohemia; the founder of the family lived in Prague in the eighteenth century, and the members are now spread throughout Europe. The most prominent members...
KISH – The father of Saul, the first king of Israel (I Sam. ix. 3, xii. 21, xiv. 51; I Chron. ix. 39, xii. 1, xxvi. 28). He was a wealthy and powerful Benjamite, the son of Ner (I Chron. viii. 33, ix. 39) and the grandson (I Sam. ix. 1...
KISHINEF (KISHINEV) – Russian city; capital of the government of Bessarabia; it has a population of 147,962 (1904), including about 50,000 Jews. The Jewish community of Kishinef has taken an important part in the commercial and industrial growth of...
KISHON – River in central Palestine; it rises to the south of Mount Gilboa, flows through the middle of the plain of Esdraelon, traverses a narrow pass north of Mount Carmel, descends into the plain of Acre, and enters the sea a little...
KISLEW – The ninth month of the Jewish calendar, corresponding to December. It has either twenty-nine or thirty days. In the Septuagint Kislew is called Xασελεῦ; in the Macedonian, 'Aπελ λαιοç; on Palmyrene inscriptions, and in...
KISS, JOSEPH – Hungarian poet; born Nov. 8, 1843, at Mezöcsat. Being obliged by the death of his mother and financial ruin of his father to give up his college studies, he engaged in teaching. As tutor in the country he had an opportunity to...
KISS AND KISSING – Biblical Instances. The custom of kissing is not found among savage races, among whom other forms of greeting, such as rubbing of noses, take its place. Among Orientals, who keep the sexes strictly separated, kissing on the...
KISSINGEN – Bavarian health-resort; it has a total population of 4,024, including 333 Jews. Jews lived in Kissingen as early as the thirteenth century, and they suffered greatly from persecutions under Rindfleisch in 1298 (Salfeld,...
KITE – See Vulture.