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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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LÖB OF SHPOLA – Early Ḥasidic rabbi; died at an advanced age Oct. 4, 1810. It is said that he was a poor "melammed" or teacher in his younger days, and that he did not assume the title of rabbi because, unlike other "ẓaddiḳim" of that period,...
LÖB (ARYEH) BEN ZACHARIAH – Polish rabbi; born at Cracow about 1620; died there 1671. When a young man he was called as rabbi to Vienna, where he officiated for a few years. Thence he went to Przemysl, Galicia, and in 1665 he became rabbi at his native...
LOBATO – Marano family, several of whose members lived at Amsterdam. The best-known members of the family are:Diego Gomez Lobato (called also Abraham Cohen Lobato): Portuguese Marano; born at Lisbon, where he was living in 1599; cousin...
LOBATTO, REHUEL – Dutch mathematician; born at Amsterdam June 6, 1797; died at Delft Feb. 9, 1866. He sprang from a Portuguese Marano family which had gone to Holland in 1604. From his mother, a Da Costa, he acquired a complete knowledge of the...
LÖBEL, ARTHUR – Austrian physician; born at Roman, Rumania, May 15, 1857; educated at the gymnasium of Czernowitz and the universities of Vienna and Paris (M.D., Vienna, 1883). During the year 1884 he served as assistant at the General...
LÖBEL, HIRSCHEL – See Levin, Hirschel.
LÖBELE OF PROSSNITZ – See Prossnitz, Löbele.
LOBO, MOSES JESHURUN – Spanish poet; lived at Amsterdam in the seventeenth century. He was one of the poets who celebrated the martyrdom of Abraham Nuñez Bernal in 1655; and his elegies form a part of the "Elogios" (Amsterdam, 1655). Daniel de Barrios...
LOCK – See Key.
LOCUST – Of all the insects the locust is most frequently mentioned in the Old Testament. It occurs under the following nine names, which probably denote different species; but there is no certain clue by which the exact species intended...
LODÈVE – Small town in the department of Hèrault, France. A Jewish community was founded here as early as the fifth century. It was under the jurisdiction of the bishop, to whom it paid an annual tax. In 1095 Bishop Bernard, in...
LODZ (LODZI) – City in the government of Piotrkow, Russian Poland, about 90 miles west of Warsaw. As late as 1821 it was only a village of 800 inhabitants, when the manufacture of woolens was first introduced there by Germans Later,...
LOEB, ISIDORE – French scholar; born at Sulzmatt (Soultzmatt), Upper Alsace, Nov. 1, 1839; died at Paris, June 3, 1892. The son of Rabbi Seligmann Loeb of Sulzmatt, he was educated in Bible and Talmud by his father. After having followed the...
LOEB, JACQUES – American biologist; born in Germany April 7, 1859; educated at the universities of Berlin, Munich, and Strasburg (M. D. 1884). He took a postgraduate course at the universities of Strasburg and Berlin, and in 1886 became...
LOEB, LOUIS – American artist; born at Cleveland, Ohio, Nov. 7, 1866. At the age of thirteen he was apprenticed to a lithographer in his native city, and in 1885 went to New York, where he studied in the night-schools of the Art Students'...
LOEB, MORRIS – American chemist; born at Cincinnati, Ohio, May 23, 1863; son of Solomon Loeb; educated at the New York College of Pharmacy and at the universities of Harvard, Berlin, Heidelberg, and Leipsic. In 1888 he became private assistant...
LOEWE, LOUIS – English Orientalist and theologian; born at Zülz, Prussian Silesia, 1809; died in London 1888. He was educated at the yeshibot of Lissa, Nikolsburg, Presburg, and at the University of Berlin. Stopping at Hamburg on his way to...
LOEWE, LUDWIG – German manufacturer, philanthropist, and member of the Reichstag; born at Heiligenstadt Nov. 27, 1837; died at Berlin Sept. 11, 1886. The son of a poor teacher, he attended the gymnasium in his native city, and then went to...
LOEWENTHAL, EDUARD – German writer and editor; born March 12, 1836, at Ernsbach, Württemberg; educated at the high school at Stuttgart and at the University of Tübingen, where he studied jurisprudence and philosophy (Ph. D. 1859). He founded at...
LOEWY, EMANUEL – Austrian archeologist; born at Vienna Sept. 1, 1857; educated at the gymnasium and university of his native city (Ph.D. 1882). He is now (1904) professor of archeology at the University of Rome.Loewy is the author of:...
LOEWY, MAURICE – Astronomer; born at Vienna, Austria, April 15, 1833. A descendant of a Hungarian family, he received his education at his native city, where he was employed at the observatory. In 1860 he was called to the Paris Observatory as...
LOGIC – The science of correct thinking; the science of the principles governing the comparative and constructive faculties in the pursuit and use of truth. Although, judging from the principles that were propounded by the Tannaim for...
LOGOS, THE – See Memra; Philo; Wisdom.
LOLLI, DAVID – Italian physician; born at Göritz 1825; died at Triest 1884; son of Samuel Vita Lolli; studied medicine at Padua and Vienna. On the outbreak of the Italian war for liberation he abandoned his studies, hastened to Padua to join...
LOLLI, EUDE – Italian rabbi; born at Göritz Aug. 23, 1826; educated at the lyceum of his native town and at the rabbinical college of Padua, graduating thence in 1854. In 1865 he was appointed professor at the same college which positionhe...