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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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LASSALLE, FERDINAND – The founder of Social Democracy; born in Breslau, Germany, April 11, 1825; died Aug. 31, 1864, in Geneva. His father, Heymann Lassel, was a prosperous silk-merchant, and desired his son to pursue a similar calling. Lassalle even...
LASSAR-COHN – See Cohn, Lassar.
LASSAR, OSKAR E. – German dermatologist and hygienist; born at Hamburg Jan. 11, 1849. He received his education at a gymnasium at Hamburg and at the universities of Heidelberg, Göttingen, Strasburg, and Würzburg (M.D. 1873). He served through the...
LASSEN, EDUARD – Danish conductor and dramatic composer; born at Copenhagen April 13, 1830; died at Weimar Jan. 15, 1904. His father was president of the Jewish Consistor of Belgium. In his twelfth year he entered the Conservatoire at Brussels,...
LASSON, ADOLF – German philosophical writer; born at Alt-Strelitz, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, March 12, 1832; educated at the Gymnasium Carolinum, Neu-Strelitz, and the University of Berlin (1848-52; classical philology and law). In 1858 he became...
LASZ, SAMUEL – Hungarian scientist; born Dec. 18, 1859, at Szergeny; studied at Papa, Sopron, and Budapest. In 1882 he received an appointment at the state meteorologic institute, where he made researches into climatology, zoology, and...
LÁSZLÓ, PHILIP – Hungarian portrait-painter; born June 1, 1869, at Budapest. As a highly talented student of the Model Drawing School of Budapest, he received for five years a stipend from the state, which enabled him to study portraiture at...
LATERAN COUNCILS – Councils of the Church held at Rome in the papal palace on Lateran Hill, whence their title. Those affecting Jewish history are the third (1179) and fourth (1215). At the former or third Lateran Council the Church law with...
LATTEINER, JOSEPH – Judæo-German playwright; born at Jassy, Rumania, in 1853. After studying Talmud in the yeshibah there, Latteiner, at the age of seventeen, devoted himself to the study of modern languages. In 1876 the quarrel which broke out...
LATTES (LATTAS) – Family that includes many scholars among its members. The name frequently occurs with the prefix "De" ( , ), and seems to have originated in Lattes, a little town near Béziers, France (Steinschneider, "Cat. Bodl." No....
LAUB, FERDINAND – Austrian violinist; born at Prague Jan. 19, 1832; died March 17, 1875, at Gries, near Bozen, Tyrol. He received his early musical education from his father, and when a young boy displayed a remarkable talent for music which...
LAUBHÜTTE, DIE – See Periodicals.
LAUCHHEIMER, CHARLES HENRY – American naval officer; born at Baltimore, Md., Sept. 22, 1859. In 1881 he graduated from the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis; in 1884 he took the degree of LL.B. at Columbia University. He attained the rank of first...
LAURENCE, RICHARD – English Christian Hebraist; born in Bath 1760; died in Dublin 1838. He was made regius professor of Hebrew and canon of Christ Church, Oxford, in 1814, and Archbishop of Cashel, Ireland, in 1822. His chief contribution to...
LAURIN – See Damascus Affair.
LAUTENBURG, SIGMUND – Theatrical manager; born at Budapest Sept. 11, 1852. In consequence of the poverty of his parents, he was obliged to interrupt his studies at the "Realschule" at the age of twelve to enter a banking-house. He neglected his...
LAUTERBACH, EDWARD – American lawyer; born in New York city Aug. 13, 1844; graduated from the College of the City of New York in 1864; admitted to the bar two years later. He was a member of the New York Constitutional Convention in 1864 and...
LAUTERBACH, SELIG – Galician writer; born at Drohobicz Jan. 25, 1826; known as the author of the following works: "Minḥat Kohen," in two volumes (Drohobicz, 1882), the first discussing the proper names of the Old Testament, the second the Jewish...
LAVATER, JOHN CASPAR – See Mendelssohn, Moses.
LAVER – Laver and Basin.(In the possession of Maurice Herrmann, New York.) Obverse of a Bar Kokba Coin, Bearing a Laver.(After Madden.) Laver Consisting of Ewer and Basin.(In the possession of B. L. Cohen, London.) Laver Consisting of...
LAW, CIVIL – That system of jurisprudence established by the people of a state or nation for their government as citizens as distinguished from criminal law, which defines crimes and their punishment, and from ecclesiastical law, which...
LAW, CODIFICATION OF – Definition. A unified and coordinated body of law superseding all previous laws within its scope, or the reenactment of existing law in a systematic and improved form. There are few Jewish codes under the first head, but many...
LAW OF THE LAND – See Conflict of Laws.
LAW, THE ORAL – See Oral Law.
LAW, READING FROM THE – The custom of reading portions of the Pentateuch at the synagogue on Sabbath and holy days and at other stated times of the year; an institution which made Judaism one of the most powerful factors of instruction and education in...