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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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NAPHTALI B. ISAAC HA-KOHEN – Polish-German rabbi; born in Ostrov, Poland, 1649; died at Constantinople 1719. His father was rabbi of Ostrov. In 1663 Naphtali was taken prisoner by the Tatars when they invaded Poland, but he managed to effect his escape....
NAPHTALI HA-KOHEN – See Cohen, Naphtali.
NAPOLEON BONAPARTE – Emperor of the French; born in Ajaccio, Corsica, Aug. 15, 1769; died at St. Helena in 1821. Only those incidents in his career need be noticed here that have direct bearing upon the history of the Jews. His first recorded...
– French chemist and politician; born at Carpentras, Vaucluse, Oct. 6, 1834. After studying in Paris he graduated as M.D. in 1859, and became in 1862 assistant professor at Paris University. In 1863 he was called to Palermo as...
NARBONI, DAVID BEN JOSEPH – Rabbi; lived at Narbonne, France, in the first half of the twelfth century. He was probably the son of Joseph Gaon of Narbonne, who is mentioned by Abraham ben Nathan of Lunel in his "Sefer ha-Manhig" (p. 86). Narboni...
NARBONNE – Chief town in the department of Aude, France. Jews were settled here as early as the fifth century. They lived on the whole amicably with their Christian neighbors, although in 589 the council of Narbonne forbade them to sing...
NARD – A species of Valeriana spica Vahl = Nardostachys Jatamansi De Candolle, growing in eastern Asia. It was well known to the ancients as a perfume because of the pungent but pleasant odor of its root; and it formed, under the name...
NARESH – City in Babylonia, situated near Sura (Letter of Sherira Gaon, in Neubauer, "M. J. C." i. 32) on a canal (B. M. 93b). It may be identical with the city of Nahras or Nahar Sar on the Tigris (Ritter, "Erdkunde," x. 191), and is...
NAROL, MOSES – Rabbi of Metz; father of the physician Tobias Cohn; died at Metz in 1659. Narol was rabbi and physician at Narol, Galicia, but fled to Germany during the Cossack uprising of 1648. His father was Eleazar Kohen. Narol was the...
NASCHER, SINAI SIMON – Hungarian writer; born at Szent Miklos, Liptau, March 16, 1841; died at Baja July 25, 1901. He studied at Baja and Berlin, and in 1866 was chosen preacher in the latter city, but was forced to resign on account of repeated...
NASHIM – Third order of the Talmud, treating of betrothal, marriage, divorce, and in general of all the relations of woman to man. It consists of seven "massektot" in the Mishnah, Tosefta, and Palestinian and Babylonian Gemaras, the...
NASHVILLE – See Tennessee.
NASI – The president of the Sanhedrin. According to the rabbinical tradition (Ḥag. ii. 2; Peah ii. 6), the Sanhedrin was presided over by a duumvirate ("zug" = "zeugos" [couple]), of which the first was the nasi, the second the ab bet...
NASI, DAVID – See Nasi, Joseph.