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NEUMANN, SALOMON – German physician and statistician; born at Pyritz, Pomerania, Oct.22, 1819; studied medicine at Berlin and Halle (M.D. 1842). He has practised as a physician in Berlin since 1845, and in 1875 received the title of...
NEUMANN, WILHELM HEINRICH – See Lonzano, Abraham ben Raphael de.
NEUMANOVITZ, NAPHTALI HERZ – Russian author; born at Jozefow, government of Lublin, Feb. 12, 1843; died at Warsaw, March 11, 1898. He was descended from a family distinguished for secular as well as Talmudic scholarship. When eighteen he went to Lublin, and...
NEUMARK, MIRELS (Meshullam Zalman ben Jacob David) – German Talmudist; father of Ẓebi Ashkenazi; died at Hamburg Nov. 28, 1706. Meshullam Zalman was one of the most respected members of the ghetto of Vienna. When the Jews were expelled from that city he went with his family to...
NEUMEGEN, LEOPOLD – English school-master; born in Posen in 1787; died at Kew, near London, April, 1875. He first taught in Göttingen, and about 1816 removed to England, where he became principal of a boarding-school at Highgate (London). His...
NEURATH, WILHELM – Austrian economist; born at St. Georgen May 31, 1840. After winning his doctor's degree he became privat-docent at the Technische Hochschule in Vienna, and afterward associate professor at the Hochschule für Bodenkultur. He...
NEUSS – City of Rhenish Prussia. Its Jewish community, which dates back to the eleventh century, is known for the series of persecutions and martyrdoms which it has experienced. When on May 30, 1096, the Crusaders made an attack on the...
NEUSTADT, PHINEHAS – German rabbi and author; born at Borek, province of Posen, Prussia, Sept. 23, 1823; died at Breslau Feb. 24, 1902. Neustadt, who lost his father before he was two years of age, was apprenticed by his mother to a bookbinder, but...
NEUSTADT-SCHIRWINDT (WLADYSLAVOW) – District town in the government of Suwalki, Russian Poland; built in 1643 under Ladislaus (Wladyslaw) IV., King of Poland (hence its Polish name). While under the Prussian dominion (1808-40) the town was named "Neustadt." It can...
NEUSTÄTTER, LOUIS – German portrait- and genre-painter; born in Munich Sept. 5, 1829; died in Tutzing, on the Starnbergersee, May 24, 1899. Neustätter studied first under the copperplate-engraver Peter Latz, then at the Munich Polytechnicum and the...
NEUTITSCHEIN – City in the province of Moravia, Austria. It had a Jewish congregation in the Middle Ages, which was expelled Aug. 30, 1563. The cemetery was deeded by the Jews to the city under the condition that it should be preserved. It...
NEUWIEDEL, ELIAS – Russian grammarian; born at Neustadt-Sugind (Alexandrowo) 1821; died at Warsaw Sept. 16, 1886. He studied Talmud at the yeshibah of Volozhin, and was teacher of Hebrew and modern languages at Rossieny, government of Kovno, and...
NEUZEIT, DIE – See Periodicals.