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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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NEWSPAPERS, JEWISH – See Periodicals.
NEXT OF KIN – See Agnates; Family and Family Life; Inheritance.
NEYAR, SEFER HA- – Anonymous compendium of laws; compiled during the first third of the fourteenth century, after 1319, probably by a Provençal. It consists mainly of extracts from the works of French scholars, although the "Halakot Gedolot" and...
NEYMARCK, ALFRED – French economist and statistician; born at Châlons-sur-Marne Jan. 3, 1848. He was editor of the "Revue Contemporaine" in 1868-69, and in 1869 founded "Le Rentier," an economic and financial paper which he still (1904) manages....
NEZHIN (NYEZHIN) – Russian town, in the government of Chernigov; one of the centers of the tobacco-trade. In 1648 Nezhin was taken by the Cossacks, and its Polish and Jewish inhabitants were put to the sword. On July 20, 1881, an anti-Jewish riot...
NEZIḲIN – Order of the Mishnah and the Tosefta, in both the Babylonian and the Jerusalem Talmud. The name "Neziḳin," which occurs in the Talmud itself (Ber. 20a; Ta'an. 24a, b), is applied to this order because several of the treatises...
NIBHAZ – One of the deities worshiped by the Avites(II Kings xvii. 31), who had been imported into the country about Samaria after the fall of that city before Sargon II. in 722 B.C. The Avites worshiped Nibhaz and Tartak, both of which...
NICANOR – Son of Patroclus, and general and friend of Antiochus Epiphanes, who in 165 B.C. sent him and Gorgias with an army against the Jews (I Macc. iii. 38; II Macc. viii. 9). In anticipation of an easy victory, he had brought 1,000...
NICANOR'S GATE – See Jerusalem.
NICARAGUA – See South and Central America.
NICE – In the Seventeenth Century. City of southern France. Jews settled there in the fourth century, and, as in the other Gallic cities along the coast of the Mediterranean, were the intermediaries in the commercial transactions...
NICHOLAS I., II – See Russia.
NICHOLAS III., IV., V – See Popes.