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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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ŒNOMAUS OF GADARA – Pagan philosopher; lived during the reign of the emperor Hadrian (117-138); he belonged to the school of the younger Cynics. In his book entitled "The Detection of Witches," from which Eusebius ("Præparatio Evangelica," §§...
OESTERREICHISCHE WOCHENSCHRIFT, Central-Organ für die Gesammten Interessen des Judentums – Austrian weekly, founded by Deputy Dr. Josef S. Bloch to combat Austrian anti-Semitism; published at Vienna every Friday since Oct. 15, 1884. In its pages appeared the chief attacks upon Professor Rohling and Pastor Deckert, and...
OESTERREICHISCH-ISRAELITISCHE UNION – Austrian political society for the protection of Jewish interests, founded in 1884 on account of the victory of the anti-Semites in the election of that year in Vienna and Lower Austria. Its purposes were "To promote a love for...
OFAN (OFANNIM) – Name by which is known that part of the morning prayer in which the praise of the Lord by the heavenly host is described. This passage begins with the words "The ofannim [wheels] and the holy living creatures with great uproar...
OFEN – See Budapest.
OFFENBACH – Town in the province of Starkenburg in the grand duchy of Hesse. When Fettmilch caused the expulsion of the Jews from Frankfort-on-the-Main on Aug. 22, 1614, they proceeded up the river with an armed escort; but, although they...
OFFENBACH, JACQUES – Creator of French burlesque opera; born at Cologne June 21, 1819; died at Paris Oct. 5, 1880. He was a son of Judah Offenbach, cantor of the Jewish congregation at Cologne. Offenbach went to Paris at the age of thirteen, and in...
OFFENHAUSEN, SOLOMON ẒEBI – See Brenz, Samuel Friedrich.
OFFERING – See Sacrifice.
OG – Biblical Data: Amorite king of Bashan, who reigned in Ashtaroth and was conquered by Moses and Israel in the battle of Edrei (Num. xxi. 33), sixty fortified cities, with high walls, gates, and bars, comprising the region of...
OHALOT – Treatise in the Mishnah and the Tosefta dealing with defilement through a dead human body, through the dead body of an animal, or through contact with one that is diseased; based on Num. xix. 14-16. In the Tosefta it is called...
OHIO – One of the North-Central States of the United States of America; admitted to the Union in 1803. Jews did not settle there until 1817, when Joseph Jonas, the pioneer, came from England and made his home in Cincinnati. He drew...
OHOLAH – Symbolic names of two sisters mentioned in the twenty-third chapter of Ezekiel: Oholah, the taller sister, representing Samaria, as the capital of the larger kingdom, Israel; while the shorter one, Oholibah, is the...
OHOLE SHEM ASSOCIATION – Association founded in New York city Oct. 8, 1895, to promote and foster the study of Hebrew and other Semitic languages and to encourage the study of Jewish history and literature. The association was founded by Herman...
OHOLIAB – Son of Ahisamach of the tribe of Dan; contemporary of Moses. He was appointed by God ("and I, behold, I have given," Ex. xxxi. 6) to work with Bezaleel, the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, in the construction...