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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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RODRIGUES, OLINDE – French economist and reformer; born at Bordeaux Oct. 16, 1794; died at Paris Dec. 26, 1850. He was a pupil of the Ecole Normale Supérieure, where he made a specialty of mathematical studies; later he became assistant professor...
RODRIGUEZ – In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries many persons bearing the surname Rodriguezwere condemned by the Inquisition to death at the stake or to lifelong imprisonment on the ground that they were "Judaizantes" or secret...
ROE – Rendering in the Authorized Version of the Hebrew which is sometimes translated also "roebuck" and "wild roe," and occasionally in the Revised Version "gazel." The roe is mentioned as an animal permitted as food (Deut. xiv. 5);...
ROEBUCK – See Hart; Roe.
ROEDELSHEIM, ELEAZAR SUSSMANN B. ISAAC – Dutch scholar, probably of German descent; lived in the first half of the eighteenth century. He was the author of the following works: "Mohar Yisrael," comprising a Hebrew grammar and a Dutch-Hebrew and Hebrew-Dutch dictionary,...
ROEST, MEYER (MARCUS) – Dutch bibliographer; born at Amsterdam 1821; died there 1890. Becoming connected with a firm of booksellers, he acquired a taste for bibliographical studies, and as a result published in 1857 "Catalogue de Livres Orientaux."...
ROFE, DANIEL B. SAMUEL B. DANIEL HA-DAYYAN – Italian physician of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries; lived at Pisa and Perugia. He devoted much time to the study of the Arabic writers on medicine, especially Ibn Sina. His "Eben Pinnah" (Paris MSS. No. 307) was copied...
ROFE, DANIEL B. SOLOMON – Italian physician and scholar of the fifteenth century; born at Fano. References to him occur under date of 1430, 1448, and 1470. He was the author of: a super-commentary on Ibn Ezra, which work was formerly in the possession of...
ROHLING, AUGUST – Catholic theologian and anti-Semitic author; born in 1839 at Neuenkirchen, province of Hanover, Prussia. He studied at Münster and Paris, and became professor suecessively at Münster, Milwaukee (Wis.), and Prague, retiring in...
RO'IM – See Pastoureaux.
ROMAN, JACOB BEN ISAAC IBN BAKODA – Bibliographer and writer, of Spanish descent; born at Constantinople about 1570; died at Jerusalem in 1650. He was possessed of great knowledge; according to Conforte he knew the whole of the Mishnah by heart, and he was well...
ROMANELLI, SAMUEL AARON – Neo-Hebrew poet; born at Mantua Sept. 19, 1757; died at Casale Monferrato Oct. 17, 1814. A man of great gifts but unsteady in his habits, Romanelli began to travel early in life. He went first to Morocco, where he spent four...
ROMANER, BENJAMIN ZEEB WOLF BEN SAMUEL – Rabbi and preacher in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He officiated as darshan in Semigrod, and later in Dessau, and in his old age lived at Metz.Romaner was the author of "'Ir Binyamin," awork in two parts on the...
ROMANIN, SAMUEL – Italian historian; born at Triest in 1808; died at Venice Sept. 9, 1861. Having at an early age lost his parents, who died in poor circumstances, Romanin found himself head of the family, with which in 1821 he removed to Venice,...
ROMANO ELIANO, SALOMO – See Baptista, Giovanni Salomo Romano Eliano.
ROMANO, LEONE – Italian scholar; born at Rome 1292; died there after 1350. Romano was a friend of the naturalist Benjamin b. Judah, together with whom he was the center of learning of the Roman community. He was a gifted thinker, a fine...
ROMBERG, MORITZ HEINRICH – German physician; born at Meiningen, Saxony, Nov. 11, 1795; died in Berlin June 16, 1873. He graduated as doctor of medicine from the University of Berlin in 1817, and after a short stay in Vienna settled in the German capital...
ROME – Early Settlement in Rome. Capital in ancient times of the Roman republic and empire; in modern times, of the papal dominions and of the kingdom of Italy. Jews have lived in Rome for over 2,000 years, longer than in any other...
ROMI, DANIEL B. JEHIEL – Scholar and poet of the tenth and eleventh centuries; probably a brother of R. Nathan, author of the "'Aruk." He wrote a commentary on the treatise Zera'im and a "yoẓer" in twenty-two verses for the Sabbath Ḥanukkah, in which he...