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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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ROSH – See Asher ben Jehiel.
ROSH HA-SHANAH – See New-Year.
ROSH HA-SHANAH – Eighth treatise of the order Mo'ed; it contains (1) the most important rules concerning the calendar year together with a description of the inauguration of the months by the nasi and ab bet din; (2) laws on the form and use of...
ROSH YESHIBAH – See Yeshibah.
ROSIN, DAVID – German theologian; born at Ròsenberg, Silesia, May 27, 1823; died at Breslau Dec. 31, 1894. Having received his early instruction from his father, who was a teacher in his native town, he attended the yeshibah of Kempen, of...
ROSIN, HEINRICH – German jurist; born at Breslau Sept. 14, 1855. In 1880 he established himself as privat-docent in the law department of the Breslan University, but, receiving a call from the University of Freiburg assistant professor three...
ROSIN, HEINRICH – German physician; born at Berlin Aug. 28, 1863; son of David Rosin. He studied at Breslau and Freiburg (M.D. 1887), and in 1888 became assistant to Rosenbach at the Allerheiligen Hospital. In 1892 he went to Berlin as assistant...
ROSNOSKY, ISAAC – American merchant and communal worker; born at Wollstein, Prussia, Nov. 6, 1846; son of Henry and Zelda Rosnosky. He went to Boston, Mass., as a boy and engaged in business. He was elected to the Boston common council as a...
ROSSI, AZARIAH BEN MOSES DEI – Earthquake at Ferrara, 1571. Italian physician and scholar; born at Mantua in 1513 or 1514; died in 1578. He was descended from an old Jewish family which, according to a tradition, was brought by Titus from Jerusalem. Combining...
ROSSI, GIOVANNI BERNARDO DE – Italian Christian Hebraist; born Oct. 25, 1742, in Castelnuovo; died in Parma March, 1831. He studied in Ivrea and Turin. In Oct., 1769, he was appointed professor of Oriental languages at the University of Parma, where he spent...
ROSSI, MOSES BEN JEKUTHIEL DE – Roman rabbi of the fourteenth century. Between 1373 and 1390 he wrote a compendium of Jewish rites, entitled "Sefer ha-Tadir," which he intended to serve as a manual both for daily use and for the synagogue. This work lacks...
ROSSI, SOLOMON – Rabbi and composer; lived in Mantua during the latter part of the sixteenth and the beginning of the seventeenth century. He came from an old Mantua family in which the traditional belief had been preserved that its ancestors...
ROSSIENA (ROSSIENY) – District city in the government of Kovno, Russia. It had a prosperous Jewish community in the first half of the nineteenth century, and was a center of Haskalah, or progressive ideas, when Abraham Mapu lived there (1837-44). He...
ROSTOCK – See Mecklenburg.
ROSTOF – Russian fortified commercial and manufacturing town on the Don; formerly in the government of Yekaterinoslaf; since 1888 included in the district of the Don Cossacks. Jews settled there about 1827, and their number grew with the...
ROTA – See Badge.
ROTH, MORITZ – Swiss physician; born at Basel Dec. 25, 1839; educated at the universities of Würzburg, Göttingen, Berlin, and Basel (M.D. 1864). In 1866 he became privat-docent at the University of Basel, and in 1868 at that of Greifswald. In...
ROTH, PHILIPP – German violoncellist; born at Tarnowitz, Upper Silesia, Oct. 25, 1853; died at Berlin June 9, 1898. He studied under Wilhelm Müller, and from 1876 to 1878 under Robert Hausmann at the Königliche Hochschule für Musik, Berlin. He...
ROTH, WILHELM – Austrian rhinologist; born at Kluckno, Hungary, Oct. 10, 1848. He received his education at the gymnasium at Eperies, Hungary, and at the University of Vienna (M. D. 1873). Establishing himself in Vienna, he became in 1885...