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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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SAN JOSÉ – See South and Central America.
SAN MARINO – Ancient republic of central Italy; situated not far from the Adriatic Sea and founded in the fourth century by the Dalmatian Marinus. The first mention of Jews here dates fromthe second half of the fourteenth century, when the...
SAN MILLÁN DE LA COGOLLA – Locality in Spain, not far from Najera, with a famous convent of great antiquity. Jews were living here as early as at Najera, and they suffered greatly in the civil war between D. Pedro and D. Henry de Trastamara. On Oct. 15,...
SAN SALVADOR – See South and Central America.
SANA'A – See Yemen.
SANBALLAT – One of the chief opponents of Nehemiah when he was building the walls of Jerusalem and carrying out his reforms among the Jews. "Sanballat," according to Sayce (in Hastings, "Dict. Bible," s.v.), is connected with the Assyrian...
SANCHEZ (SANCHES), ANTONIO RIBEIRO – Russian court physician; born 1699; died in Paris 1783; member of a Marano family of Penamacor, district of Castello Branca, Portugal. Sanchez, with many coreligionists, escaped from the persecutions in Portugal and went to...
SANCHO – Family name of frequent occurrence among Oriental Spanish Jews, and borne by several writers.Abraham ben Ephraim Sancho: Turkish physician and Hebrew poet; lived at Constantinople in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Sancho...
SANCTIFICATION OF THE NAME – See Ḳiddush ha-Shem.
SANCTUARY – The Six Sanctuaries. A sacred place for divine service. There were six sanctuaries: (1) the Tabernacle in the wilderness, built by Moses in the second year of the Exodus; (2) the Tabernacle at Shiloh, built by Joshua after the...
SANDALFON – Name of an angel. It is a Greek formation and synonymous with συνάδελφος (= "cobrother"; see "Orient, Lit." xii. 618; Levy, "Neuhebr. Wörterb." iii. 553a; Krauss, in "Byzantinische Zeitschrift," ii. 533; idem, "Lehnwörter," ii....
SANDALS – Biblical Data: In the warm countries of the East shoes are not such an indispensable part of clothing as in the colder northern countries. Still, people do not go barefoot in mountainous Palestine, especially during the damp...