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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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SEA, THE MOLTEN – See Brazen Sea.
SEA-MEW – For Biblical data see Cuckoo. In the Talmud (Ḥul. 62b) is mentioned an unclean bird under the name , and (ib. 102b) under , explained by Rashi as "a very lean bird." Some would connect these words with the Latin "prava" (bad)...
SEA-MONSTER – See Leviathan and Behemoth.
SEAH – See Weights and Measures.
SEAL – Biblical References. Breastplates for Scrolls of the Law.1. In the Great Synagogue, Aldgate, London.2. Designed by Leo Horvitz.3. In the Musée de Cluny, Paris.4. In the possession of Maurice Herrmann, New York.An instrument or...
SEBAG, SOLOMON – English teacher and Hebrew writer; born in 1828; died at London April 30, 1892; son of Rabbi Isaac Sebag. He was educated in the orphan school of the Portuguese congregation, London, subsequently becoming master of the Sha'are...
SEBASTE – See Samaria.
SEBASTUS – The port of Cæsarea on the Mediterranean Sea. Cæsarea itself, which Herod hadmade an important seaport, received its name in honor of Julius Cæsar, while the harbor proper was called "Sebastus" as a tribute to the Emperor...
SECCHI, PABLO MARINI – Italian Christian merchant; lived at Rome in the sixteenth century. He made a wager with a Jew, Samson Ceneda, that Santo Domingo would be conquered. The terms of the wager were that in the event of Ceneda losing he was to give...
SECOND DAY OF FESTIVALS – History. Day added by the Rabbis to all holy days except Yom Kippur. Jews living at a distance from Jerusalem were informed by messengers of the day on which the New Moon ("Rosh Ḥodesh") had been announced by the bet din. These...
SECOND TEMPLE, THE – See Temple.
SECTS – See Dositheus; Essenes; Falashas; Pharisees; Sadducees; Samaritans.
SECURITY – See Suretyship.
SEDBON, JOSEPH – Rabbinical and cabalistic author of Tunis in the second half of the eighteenth century. He composed a cabalistic treatise entitled "Ahabat Adonai," designed as a commentary on the "Idra Ẓuṭa." This work, although written in...
SEDECHIAS – See Zedekiah.
SEDER – Passover at Jerusalem. SEDER CEREMONIES FROM THE MANTUA HAGGADAH OF 1550 Seder as Observed by Dutch Jews of the Early Eighteenth Century.(From Picart.)The term used by the Ashkenazic Jews to denote the home service on the first...
SEDER 'OLAM RABBAH – Title and Divisions. Earliest post-exilic chronicle preserved in the Hebrew language. In the Babylonian Talmud this chronicle is several times referred to simply as the "Seder 'Olam" (Shab. 88a; Yeb. 82b; Nazir 5a; Meg. 11b;...
SEDER 'OLAM ZUṬA – Genealogy of the Exilarchs. Anonymous chronicle, called "Zuṭa" (= "smaller," or "younger") to distinguish it from the older "Seder 'Olam Rabbah." This work is based upon, and to a certain extent completes and continues, the...
SEDUCTION – The act of inducing a woman or girl of previously chaste character to consent to unlawful sexual intercourse. The Mosaic law (Ex.xxii. 15, 16, Hebr. [A. V. 16, 17]) says: "And if a man entice a virgin that is not betrothed and...
SÉE – A family of Alsatian origin whose most important members are:Abraham Adolphe Sée: French barrister; born in Colmar, Alsace, 1819; died in Paris Feb. 26, 1905; brother of Marc Sée and Gustave Sée. He was educated in his native...
SEEGEN, JOSEF – Austrian balneologist; born at Polna May 20, 1822. He studied medicine at Prague and Vienna (M.D. 1847), becoming privat-docent at Vienna in 1854 and assistant professor in 1859. From 1854 to 1884 he practised during the summer...
SEELIG (ABI 'EZRI) BEN ISAAC MARGOLIOTH – Polish Talmudist of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; born at Polock; died probably in Palestine. He was preacher at Prague and at Kalisz; and after the death of Israel Darshan he went to Yaroslav. From 1701 to 1711 he...
SEER – Biblical Data: Rendering in the English versions of the Hebrew , which in I Sam. ix. 9 is reported to have been the old popular designation for the later ("prophet"). The seer was an "ish Elohim," a man of God, and for a...
SEESEN – Town in the Harz Mountains, where in the fall of 1801 Israel Jacobson founded the school which was called after him (See Jacobson, Israel). The institution received large endowments from the founder and his descendants, and from...
SEFER HA-TORAH – See Scroll of the Law.