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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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TITUS, ARCH OF – A triumphal arch erected at Rome in honor of the emperor Titus and in celebration of his victory over the Jews. It rises on the prominent part of the Via Sacra, about 20 yards above the Tiber. One of its faces fronts the...
ṬOB 'ELEM, JOSEPH – See Bonfils, Joseph b. Samuel.
ṬOB LE-HODOT – See Mizmor Shir le-Yom ha-Shabbat.
TOBACCO – In Jewish Law. The use of tobacco for smoking and in the form of snuff is commonamong Jews, who in some countries control to a large extent the manufacture and sale of the product. It is asserted that a Jew named Luis de Terres,...
TOBIA BEN MOSES HA-ABEL – Epoch and Attainments. Karaite scholar, Biblical commentator, liturgical poet, and translator; flourished at Constantinople in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Fürst ("Gesch. des Karäert." ii. 198 et seq.) conjectures Tobia's...
TOBIADS – Jewish party in the Maccabean period. A combination of the statements of Josephus ("Ant." xii. 4, §§ 1-11) and of II Macc. iii. 11 yields an interesting family history, which, however, requires critical examination.During the...
TOBIAH BEN ELIEZER – A Bulgarian. Talmudist and poet of the eleventh century; author of the "Leḳaḥ Ṭob" or "Pesiḳta Zuṭarta," a midrashic commentary on the Pentateuch and the Five Megillot. Zunz ("G. V." pp. 293 et seq.) inferred from Tobiah's...
TOBIAH BEN ELIJAH OF VIENNE (BURGUNDY) – French tosafist of the thirteenth century. He was a younger contemporary, and perhaps also a pupil, of Isaac ben Abraham of Dampierre, at whose funeral he was present in 1210. Authors of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries...
TOBIAS, EMIL – See Thomas, Emile.