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SIMEON B. LAḲISH – ...the angels, Creation, Israel, and Rome, Messianic and eschatological subjects, as well as other dicta and proverbs. Some of his haggadic sentences are as follows: "Should the sons of Israel find rest with the ...sanctuary" (Shab. 119b). "The words of the Torah can be remembered only by one who sacrifices himself for the sake of studying them" (Ber. 63b; Shab. 83b). "Israel took the names of the angels from the Babylonians ...during the period of the Exile, because Isaiah [vi. 6] speaks only of 'one of the seraphim,' without calling him by name; whereas Daniel names the angels Michael and Gabriel" (Yer. R. H. 56d). "Job never actually...
WITCHCRAFT – ...although it was then in bad odor. This writer ascribes all kinds of sorcery and divination to the angels, who, in Gen. vi. 2-4, are said to have come down to earth and taken human wives (comp. Ethiopic Enoch, vii. 1 ...viii. 1, ix. 7, and xvi. 3). In this writer's view sin came into the world through these angels, and not through the eating of the fruit in paradise (viii. 1 et seq.). His idea of witchcraft as consisting ...of nefarious knowledge is expressed in ch. xvi. 3, where he says that the angels had been in heaven, and so knew "illegitimate mysteries."The Book of Tobit represents even the pious Tobias as using a...
CREATION – ...suggested, while the popular conceit of the Arabs has it that the earth, when first created, was smooth and flat, which induced the angels to ask who could stand on so tottering a frame. Thereupon God next morning ...joining together), 'union' or 'assembly,' because on it the creation of the heavens was united to that of the earth. Then God filled the heavens with angels, seas, icebergs. Creation thus completed, God peopled the ...earth with the jinn, made of purest fire [sura lv. 14], among them being Iblis, the Devil. When about to create man (Adam), He informed the angels of His intention to make him His vicegerent on earth. The angels...
CLOUD – ...narrated that when he was about to ascend to heaven, a cloud came to meet him, and, forming about him, carried him up (Pesiḳ. R. 20; ed. Friedmann, p. 96). God wrapped Moses in a cloud to protect him when the angels ...R. 1.; compare I Thess. iv. 17: "We which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them [the angels] in the cloud to meet the Lord in the air").The cloud of divine glory which carries the...
ENOCH – ...treasures, chief of the archangels, and the immediate attendant on God's throne. He knows all secrets and mysteries, and, while all the angels are at his beck, he fulfils of his own accord whatever comes out of the ...opened unto him as Meṭaṭron; he was appointed chief of all angels; and his carnal body was changed into one of light.The "Ḥayye Ḥanok" is of later composition, but more elaborate (Jellinek, l.c. iv...
EVE – ...He Himself gave away in marriage, and over whom He pronounced the blessing; while the angels danced and beat timbrels and stood guard over the bridal chamber (Pirḳe R. El. xii.).Samael, prompted by ...Yeb. 103b; 'Ab. Zarah 22b; Shab. 146a; Yalḳ., Gen. 28, 130). Profiting by the absence of the two guardian angels (Ḥag. 16a; Ber. 60b), Satan, or the serpent, which then had almost the shape of a man (Gen. R. xix...
REMBRANDT (REMBRANDT HARMENSZOON VAN RYN) – ...Charles Sedelmeyer, Paris.)Old Testament and Apocryphal Subjects.(1) Abraham Entertaining the Angels (1636 ...St. Petersburg, Hermitage. (2) Abraham Receiving the Angels (1638), Vienna, Schönborn-Buchheim Gallery. (3) The Dismissal of Hagar (1640), London, Victoria and Albert Museum. (4) The...
REVELATION (BOOK OF) – ...vision by John, who is told by Jesus to send a letter to the seven angels of the seven churches in Asia (founded by Paul and his associates), rebuking them for the libertinism that has taken hold of many "who pass ...the book of life and proclaimed before God and His angels (iii. 4-5); while those who stand the test of Satan's trials shall be spared in the great Messianic time of trial and become pillars in the temple of the ...numberedlist">Ch. viii. 1-13: The opening of the seventh seal forms the climax. The awful catastrophe is marked by "silence in heaven about the space of half an hour." The four angels that hold the winds at the four...
PALESTINE, HOLINESS OF – ...3).The angels that guarded Jacob in Palestine were of a higher order than those elsewhere. The angels, it is said, used to change guard at Mahanaim (Gen. R. lxviii. 18). To be driven out of Palestine...
MANDÆANS – ...the numerous angels ( ) that arose from the further development and combination of these primary manifestations, Ḥayye Tinyane ("secondary life"), or Yushamin ...The most prominent of these is Hibil, who possesses the same attributes as Manda de-Ḥayye, with whom he is often confounded.Among the "'utre" (angels) who emanated from Ḥayye Tinyane the most prominent is...
ALLEGORICAL INTERPRETATION – ...Jacob's dream (Gen. xxviii. 12) in the following manner: "A ladder set up on the earth," that is the Temple; "the top of it reaching to heaven," that is the pillar of smoke from the sacrifices; "the angels ascending ...perception of the upper intelligible world, just as the cherubim, the angels, are the intelligible beings of the upper world. In addition to this allegory of Gabirol's, Ibn Ezra quotes another interpretation of Jacob's ...the passage as a whole. Of the former his interpretation of Jacob's dream is an example. The "angels" are the prophets, who "ascend" the ladder of perception; "whose top reached to heaven"—that is, to God—who...
AMRAM, FATHER OF MOSES – ...Aaron and Miriam danced before her, while angels sang, "A joyous mother of children"—Psalm cxiii. 9 (Soṭah, 12a). Amram's example had a good effect upon all, but upon Miriam came the spirit of prophecy, and...
ANAW, BENJAMIN B. ABRAHAM – ...superstitions, vigorously defended haggadic interpretations, and was strictly opposed to all changes in the liturgy. He even discussed with his brother Zedekiah the language of the angels.
ASAPH BEN BERECHIAH – ...from the angels. The only authorities cited are "the books of the wise men of India," and a "book of the ancients," from which the present work was translated. Mar Mor, the Christian of Salerno; Mar Joseph, the...
AZAZEL – ...of ancient pre-Israelitish origin.Leader of the Rebellious Angels. This is confirmed by the Book of Enoch, which brings Azazel into connection with the ...Biblical story of the fall of the angels, located, obviously in accordance with ancient folk-lore, on Mount Hermon as a sort of an old Semitic Blocksberg, a gathering-place of demons from of old (Enoch xiii.; compare ...connects the word with the mythological "Uza" and "Azael," the fallen angels, to whom a reference is believed to be found in Gen. vi. 2, 4. In accordance with this etymology, the sacrifice of the goat atones for the...
ḤUPPAH – ...built, one above the other, ten (Kol Bo lv. reads "seven") baldachins of precious stones (Pirḳe R. El. xii.), the angels keeping watch outside and dancing (comp. Gen. R. xviii.).When in the course of time...
EḤAD MI YODEA' – ...tablets of Moses; three, the Patriarchs; four, the Evangelists; five, the wounds of Jesus; six, the jugs of wine at the wedding of Cana; seven, the sacraments; eight, the beatitudes; nine, the choruses of angels; ten...
FALK, ḤAYYIM SAMUEL JACOB – ...diary, now in the library of the bet ha-midrash of the United Synagogue, which is a quaint medley of dreams, records of charitable gifts, booklists, cabalistic names of angels, lists of pledges, and cooking-recipes...
HEAVEN – ...Ps. xi. 4; xxxiii. 13, 14), though the heavens and heaven's heaven do not contain Him (Isa. lxvi. 1; I Kings viii. 27). It is the dwelling-place also of the angels (Gen. xxi. 17, xxii. 11, xxviii. 12). From...
ḤIWI AL-BALKHI – ...preserved, in quotations by other authors. In this way it became known that Ḥiwi raised the question why God preferred to live among unclean mankind instead of living among the clean angels (Judah ben Barzillai), and...
HOLINESS – ...incapable of sin and wrong.Holiness of God and Angels. —Biblical Data: To Moses and afterward to Israel, Yhwh ...consume you" (comp. I Sam. vi. 20).There is still something of that elemental holiness or fiery nature implied when it is said in Job that before Him man and stars, the heavens, and His angels (literally, "His ...holy ones") are not clean (Job xv. 14-15, xxv. 5; comp. iv. 18). On account of their fiery nature the angels, though not pure when compared with God, are called "the holy ones," that is "unapproachable" or...
DEW – ...When God appeared amidst the trembling of the earth on Sinai, life fled from the people of Israel and from all the living people in the land of Israel; and the angels said: 'Dost Thou desire to give Thy Law unto...
DOEG – ...lii. 4). As it often happens with those who strive for something to which they are not entitled, he lost that which he possessed (Gen. R. xx.). God sent the three "angels of destruction" (V04p630005...
EARTH – ...guardian angels (Schwab, "Vocabulaire de l'Angálologie," p. 75).Bibliography: Gesenius, Th. i. 154;
  • PURGATORY – ...in a middle state, and on whose behalf Abraham intercedes, the angels joining him in his prayer, whereupon the soul is admitted into paradise.Rabbinic Views.
    KINGDOM OF GOD – ...articles/13548-shema">Shema' (Ber. ii. 2); so do the angels when singing their "Thrice Holy" (Hekalot); and in the future "all men shall take upon...
    MENGS, ANTON RAFAEL – ...paintings lack the originality of genius, their force and beauty give them rank among the foremost works of art.In Rome Mengs painted the following large pictures: "Saint Eusebius Surrounded by Angels" (on the...
    MAGEN DAWID – ...source which mentions it, the "Eshkol ha-Kofer" of the Karaite Judah Hadassi (middle of the 12th cent.), says, in ch. 242: "Seven names of angels precede the mezuzah: Michael, Gabriel, etc. . . . Tetragrammaton...
    SHINNUY HA-SHEM – ...life, from illness to perfect health for [mention adopted name]. In the name of all the sacred names mentioned in this Sefer Torah, and in the name of the angels, the messengers of all healing and salvation, O...
    TA'ANIT – ...he has not systematically arranged the material to be learned" (8a). "If when Israel is visited with affliction a man severs fellowship with his brethren, the two angels who accompany each one come to him, lay...