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THEOPHANY – ...train of which fill the whole temple of heaven. Before the throne stand the seraphim, the six-winged angels. With two wings they cover their faces so as not to gaze on God; with two they cover their feet, through...
APOCALYPSE – ...human history which have not yet come to pass. Some of the secrets of heaven are disclosed, in greater or less detail: the purposes of God; the deeds and characteristics of angels and evil spirits; the explanation ...v. 14.3. The introduction of Angels as the bearers of the revelation is also a standing feature. The Most High does not speak in person (contrast the early Hebrew narratives, the visions in Amos, vii ...what he sees, answering his questions, and disclosing to him the future. There is hardly an example of a true Apocalypse in which the instrumentality of angels in giving the message is not made prominent. In the...
MIDRASHIM, SMALLER – ...midrash is pure Hebrew, while its contents and discussions recall the works of the later haggadic period. As in the Pirḳe Rabbi Eli'ezer, angels are frequently mentioned (comp. the excerpts in Yalḳ. 132, 234, 241 ...the Yalḳuṭ (Salonica, 1526-27) the source of the legend of the fallen angels (in § 44) as well as of the legend concerning the temptation of R. Mattithiah b. Ḥeresh by Satan (in § 161), who was successfully ...The legend of the two angels was also reprinted by Jellinek, l.c. iv. 127 etseq. Jannes and Jambres are mentioned also in Men. 85a and "Shemot Rabbah," 9.
BARUCH, APOCALYPSE OF (Syriac) – ...surround the city; and while Baruch stands sorrowing at the fate of the people, a wind carries him up to the walls of Jerusalem. He sees four angels with torches firing the walls, but not before another angel has ...here see Tawrogi's ed., Königsberg, 1885, and Epstein, "Mi-Ḳadmoniyot ha-Yehudim," p. 111, note). The account of the destruction of Jerusalem by angels in vi.-viii. of the Apocalypse is in parts almost word for ...word the same as in Pesiḳ. R. (l.c.). Here, also, the destruction is wrought by four angels with torches in their hands, while another angel invitesthe "haters" ("soneim") to enter the house deserted by its...
ANTHROPOMORPHISM – ...and the angels. God, in His sublimity, must in His very essence differ from His holy angels. Compare Mek., Beshallaḥ, 6, where Akiba declares as heretical the certainly ancient explanation of the words "like one ...of us" (Gen. iii. 22) as referring to the angels. Compare his Christian contemporary Justin Martyr, who declares the interpretation Akiba rejected to be "Jewish heresy" ("Dialogus cum Tryphone," 62) Whenever ...Rashi on Mak. 12a remarks that the angels are not composed of flesh and blood, which, in philosophic phraseology, means the "angels are incorporeal.") The Jews of Provence were possibly influenced by the...
BAR ḲAPPARA – ...in which he proclaimed Rabbi's death to the assembled people of Sepphoris. They are: "Brethren of the house of Jedaiah [an epithet of the inhabitants of Sepphoris], harken unto me! Mortals and angels have long ...been wrestling for the possession of the holy tablets of the Law; the angels have conquered. They have captured the tablets" (Yer. Kil. ix. 32b; Yer. Ket. xii. 35a; Bab. Ket. 104a; Eccl. R...
CROWN – ...Slavonic Enoch (xiv. 2-3), every evening four hundred angels remove the crown from the head of the sun and lay it before the Lord; and every morning they replace the crown before the sun sets forth upon its daily ...journey. "The king of light," whose head is surrounded with crowns, "places the crowns of light ever anew upon the angels in the heavens" (Brandt, "Mandäische Schriften," 1893, pp. 13-19). The four and twenty elders...
IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL – ...Jew. Encyc. iii. 219, s.v. Birds) in cages ("columbaria") guarded by angels (IV Esd. vii. 32, 95; Apoc. Baruch, xxi. 23, xxx. 2; comp. Shab. 152b). According to IV ...God beside Thee, what He hath prepared for him that waiteth for Him'" (Ber. 34b; comp. I Cor. ii. 9, Greek; Resh, "Agrapha," 1889, p. 154). "When man dies," says R. Meïr, "three sets of angels go forth to welcome...
JOB, TESTAMENT OF – ...transfigured, and, in the voices of angels, archangels (heavenly archons), and cherubim, sang hymns echoing the mysteries of heaven, all of which were written down by Nahor, the brother of Job.Job, on seeing death ...approach, gave a cithara to his first daughter, Day ("Yemimah"), a censer to his second, Kassiah ("Perfume"), and a timbrel to his third, Amaltheas Horn ("Ḳeren ha-Puk"), that they might welcome the holy angels who...
AḤARONIM – ...Zimona: "If our ancestors [ ] were angels, we are human beings; and if they were human beings, we are asses" (Shab. 112b). Says Rabbi Johanan: "The...
AHITHOPHEL – ...of the angels (Yer. Sanh. x. 2; YalḲ. II Sam. § 142). His learning in the Law was also extensive, so that David did not scruple to call him "master" (Abot, vi. 2; the two things which David is there said to have...
ABSALOM – ...wandered through hell under the guidance of the angel Duma, Absalom still dwells there, having the rebellious heathen in charge; and when the angels with their fiery rods run also against Absalom to smite him like the...
AARON BEN GERSHON ABU AL-RABI OF CATANIA – ...by Karpeles, "Gesch. der Jüdischen Literatur," p. 771—whereas the author, in his commentary upon Gen. xviii. 5, referring to the rabbinical Haggadah that the angels who came to Abraham appeared as Arabs, says...
AARON BEN JOSEPH, THE KARAITE – ...and governed. Angels are to him intelligences emanating from the divine intellect, not created beings; and the existence of demons he rejects as an absurdity. God's saying, "Let us make man!" he explains as...
AQUINAS, THOMAS – ...subject the potent influence of Jewish theological philosophy predominates. His theories on Providence, God's omniscience, and the angels can be referred to Maimonides, and even his so-called original principle of...
ASS – ...popular proverbs as the Ass. "Where our forefathers were angels, we are but men; where they were men, we are only asses" (Shab. 112b and often elsewhere), a saying which shows that even in those days the Ass...
BIBAGO, ABRAHAM BEN SHEM-ṬOB – ...of a sage that "Reason and Religion are the world's two luminaries"; and he strongly opposes prayers "addressed to angels or to the departed, a practise customary among the Christians."Isaac Arama...
HOSHAIAH RABBAH, ROBA, BERABBI – ...perfection (Gen. R. xi. 6). Bacher quotes a pasage in which Hoshaiah refuted the incarnation dogma: "When God created Adam the angels mistook him for a deity and wished to sing the hymn 'Holy! Holy! Holy!' But when God...
ISHMAEL – ...which afterward accompanied the Israelites in the wilderness (Pirḳe R. El. xxx.). But this was protested against by the angels, who said: "Why should Ishmael have water, since his descendants will destroy the...
COCK – ...language peculiar to them"; for when the angels get the sun ready for the day the cock crows (ch. iv., end; compare Slavonic Enoch, xv.1). As in the Zend-Avesta the cock is said to crow out to men early in the morning...
HADASSI, JUDAH BEN ELIJAH HAABEL – ...alphabet 35, Hadassi treats of the nature of God, of creation ( ), of angels, of the celestial bodies, etc. In fact, this part of the work is...
ḲALIR, ELEAZAR – ...wrote the "Ḳedushshah"; that he himself ascended to heaven and there learned from the angels the secret of writing alphabetical hymns; and that his teacher Yannai, jealous of...
SEFIROT, THE TEN – ...view of the Infinite ("Ma'areket," p. 8b); the Zohar clearly implies that they are the names of the Deity, and gives for each of them a corresponding name of God and of the hosts of angels mentioned in the Bible...
LEVI – ...make war against the Amorites. In the vision following the extermination of the Shechemites he beheld seven angels bringing him the seven insignia of the priesthood, of prophecy, and of the judgment, and after...
MEṬAṬRON – ...ed. Harkavy, No. 373, p. 372; comp. Isa. lxiii. 9), and "prince of the ministering angels" (Jellinek, l.c. v. 172). He is the "mighty scribe" (ib. ii. 68), the lord of all the heavenly hosts, of...
SHEBU'OT – ...although it might seem that Lot was addressing the angels by this name (35b). In the story of Micah (Judges xvii., xviii.) all the divine names that occur must be referred to God, though according to R. Eliezer only a...
TEḲUFAH – ...sickness, and sometimes death. Several reasons are advanced for this. Some say it is because the angels who protect the water change guard at the teḳufah and leave it unwatched for a short time. Others say that Cancer...
ZOHAR – ...upper world are the angels. When the angels wish to descend to the lower world, they have to don earthly garments. It this be true of the angels, how much more so of the Torah, for whose sake, indeed, the world and ...the angels were alike created and exist. The world could simply not have endured to look upon it. Now the narratives of the Torah are its garments. He who thinks that these garments are the Torah itself deserves...
BABEL, TOWER OF – ...unbeliever, but theSatans are unbelievers, teaching men magic—and that which was revealed to the two angels in Babil, Harut, and Marut. They do not teach any one until they say, 'We are nothing but a temptation, so be ...angels sent down by God to teach men magic, in order to try them and to show them the difference between magic and miracle. It is a story of the Jews, continues the commentator Baidawi (in loco), but to be ...and exhausted its imagination in portraying the well at Babil with the rebellious angels hung in it by the heels and giving lessons in magic to whomever would come to them (see Lane's "Arabian Nights," chap. iii...
CHILDBIRTH – ...in the same recipe-books that Sannui, Sansannui, and Samangaluf ( ) are known as the great and noble angels whom men call ...its life the child speaks with God and the angels. The latter show it golden fruit in its sleep; if it can grasp the fruit, it laughs; if it can not, it weeps. Elsewhere a child's laughing in its sleep is said to ...mancher Engel bei uns wach!"(Translation.)I make a circle (Which God well knows): As many tiles as are on this roof, So many angels keep watch o'er us!At a hard labor three or four...