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NATIONS AND LANGUAGES, THE SEVENTY – ...borrowed, but not the language itself, which is not an original one (Yer. Meg. i. 71a). According to a haggadah, the angels understand all languages except the Aramaic, and therefore it is recommended not to pray in...
MICAH – ...travelers. Gareb, where his idol was set up, was three miles distant from Shiloh, where the Tabernacle stood; and the smoke of the two altars mingled on account of their proximity. The angels wished to throw down the...
MAẒẒAH – ...reception of the angels by Abraham (Gen. xviii. 6), or at Sodom by Lot (Gen. xix. 3), or for Saul by the witch of Endor (I Sam. xxviii. 24). The usual form of the plain maẓẓah was that of a round cake ("ugah"); this is...
MA'ASEH BERESHIT; MA'ASEH MERKABAH – ...are discoursing on the heavenly doctrine, and while the Divinity is among us and ministering angels accompany us." Then a fire came down from heaven and surrounded all the trees of the field, whereupon all of...
MAGIC – ...the angels taught the daughters of men "incantations, exorcisms, and the cutting of roots, and revealed to them healing plants" (comp. viii. 1 et seq. with vii. 6, ix. 8; x. 7-8 with xiii. 2, xvi. 3, and...
WISDOM OF SOLOMON, BOOK OF THE – ...Idolatry was first introduced by the giants who were descended from the fallen angels. Its purposes were corruption and fornication (xiv. 1-13); it owed its hold on mankind to the honor paid the images of dead sons...
YEẒER HA-RA' – ...displays itself. When the Yeẓer sees a conceited man it says: "He is mine" (Gen. R. xxii. 13). The Yeẓer ha-Ra' belongs only to this world, and does not exist in angels or other higher beings (Lev. R. xxvi.). It is...
ZADOK – ...in which he saw God and the angels mourning over the destruction of Zion. The Pirḳe de-Rabbi Eli'ezer ascribes to Zadok haggadic sayings concerning the descendants of the giants (ch. xxii.), the sacrifices of...
BALAAM – ...the books of God. His people asked him to curse Moses and those who were with him, but he said, "How can I curse one who has angels with him?" They continued to press him, however, until he cursed the Israelites ...and angels protected them (Tan., ed. Buber, Balak, xvii., xxiii.; Targ. Yer. to Num. xxiii. 9, 10, 23; Samaritan Book of Joshua, ch. iii.). He then resorted to the strategem of seduction. After having, by divine...
AMULET – ...ed. Harkavy, 373, p. 189) says, "Amulets are written, and the divine name is spoken, in order that angels may help." But a great deal was made to depend upon using the right name at the right time, a condition ...ForeignChars>, probably a misprint for , the female demon mentioned in Isaiah xxxiv. 14; then come "the first Eve," and names of angels and of God (V01p549009.jpg...
SOUL – ...God speaketh to the soul, saying: 'The world into which thou enterest is more beautiful than this; and when I made thee I intended thee only for this drop of seed.'" Two angels are assigned to the soul, which is ...concerning its species, genus, or family; (3) that which is obtained by reflection and which is relative to God, the angels, etc. There can be no doubt as to the objective reality of the knowledge of the first and third...
SOLOMON – ...described by the Rabbis as having extended, before his fall (see below), over the upper world inhabited by the angels and over the whole of the terrestrial globe with all its inhabitants,including all the beasts, fowls ...through the air on a throne of light placed on an eagle, which brought him near the heavenly yeshibah as well as to the dark mountains behind which the fallen angels 'Uzza and 'Azzael were chained. The eagle would ...rest on the chains; and Solomon, by means of a ring on which God's name was engraved, would compel the two angels to reveal every mystery he desired to know." According to another cabalistic legend, Solomon...
ESCHATOLOGY – ...catastrophe. This world, owing to the sin of the first man (II Esd. iv. 30), or through the fall of the angels (Enoch, vi.-xi.), has been laden with curses and is under the sway of the power of evil, and the end will ...15b; Targ. Yer. to Ex. xx. 15; II Esd. iv. 23 et seq.; I Cor. xv. 52; I Thess. iv. 16).The Last Judgment precedes the Resurrection. Judged by the Messiah, the nations with their guardian angels and...
ABRAHAM – ...Soon after, three angels in human guise were hospitably entertained by Abraham in Mamre, where the Lord again foretold Isaac's birth, and when Sarah doubted the promise, the Lord himself appeared and renewed it ...possible obstacles in his way.Supreme Test of Faith. When Abraham finally held the knife over his beloved son, Isaac seemed doomed, and the angels of heaven shed ...concerned, can be found in rabbinical literature.Abraham is often called by Arabic authors the "father of hospitality"; and long accounts are given of the visit of the angels. He is also said to have been the...
MESSIAH – ...spirits. The angels in heaven also, and the elect in the Garden of Life, will join in his praise and will glorify the Lord. "He will judge all hidden things, and no one will be able to make vain excuses to him"; he ...so none of the inhabitants of earth can see My son nor his escort [i.e., the host of angels who will accompany him when he appears upon earth], unless it be at the appointed hour"; and, finally, the ...unburied in the streets of Jerusalem; according to theother, it will be hidden by the angels with the bodies of the Patriarchs, until Messiah b. David comes and resurrects him (comp. Jew. Encyc. i. 682, 684...
BENEDICTIONS – ...His work to the angels and the souls of men, that they might praise His work and all His creation . . . and bless Him for ever." Obviously, at the time Enoch was written, the Ḥasidim had already made it a custom ...836, offered by the angels at the time when the Shema' is recited by Israel: "Thou wast one ere the world was created; Thou hast been the same since the world hath been created. Thou art the same in this world...
APOCRYPHA – ...angels to Methuselah, which had been preserved to his time. A Book of Lamech is named in one of our lists of Apocrypha.Books of Noah are mentioned in Jubilees (x. 12, xxi. 10). Fragments of an Apocalypse of Noah are ...and powers of the demons and the names of the angels by whom they are constrained, and put them to his service in building the Temple; besides other wonderful things which he accomplished through his power over...
FLOOD, THE – ...were of monstrous size] the springs from below." (Being descendants of the "sons of God," they were of immense stature; angels">see Fall of Angels; GNOSTICISM – ...the gnostic distinction between "God" and the "demiurge." "Not their knowledge but my knowledge" (Ḥag. 15b), is an allusion to gnosis, as is also the statement that man has insight like angels (Gen. R. viii. 11 ...discussing the thronechariot, fire came down from heaven and flamed around those present; the attending angels danced before them, like wedding-guests before the groom, and the trees intoned songs of praise. When...
JOSEPH – ...been born circumcised, but the main incidents of their lives were parallel. Both were born after their mothers had been barren for a long time; both were hated by their brothers; both were met by angels at various ...Wayehi, 1; Gen. R. lxxxiv. 12, 15). When he went to his brothers, he was accompanied to Dothan by three angels (ib. lxxxiv. 13; comp. Targ. pseudo-Jonathan to Gen. xxxvii. 15, and "Sefer ha-Yashar," section...
JUDAH HA-LEVI – ...the images of the corresponding human actions. Angels are God's messengers; and either they exist for a length of time, or they are created only for special purposes.From the names of God and the essence ...of angels Judah passes to his favorite theme and shows that the views of the Prophets are a purer source for a knowledge of God than the teachings of the philosophers. Although he professes great reverence for...
PROPHETS AND PROPHECY – ...the prophet's announcement is also a test of its genuineness, without which even the miracle loses its weight as evidence. The Prophets, indeed, were men, not angels. But this fact renders all the more obvious ...the divine wisdom. Because ordinary men and not angels are chosen to be the instruments of God's revelation, what of extraordinary power they exhibit must of necessity arouse their auditors and the witnesses of...
NOAH – ...among the angels, and who consequently would know what was to happen. Methuselah, accordingly, went to the ends of the earth to confer with Enoch, who announced to him that a flood would destroy the world, that ...heaven; and Noah fell with his face toward the ground. Enoch appeared before him, foretelling that the end of the dwellers upon the earth was near because they had learned the secrets of the angels, the misdeeds of...
ABRAHAM IBN DAUD HALEVI – ...become an intermediary between God and man, the prophet is elevated almost to the plane of the separated intelligences, or angels (ib. p. 73; German trans., p. 91).
ABRAHAM BAR ḤIYYA HA-NASI – ...the other but, his destination being to live forever like the angels, man has been appointed by God to be the ruler of all beings on earth; and in the same measure in which he fulfils or deviates from his...
ABULAFIA, ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL – ...fostering nature. He gave it a visionary turn. Owing to his influence there was a growing tendency to juggle with the names of God and angels, and to employ gemaṭria in its most diverse forms. He was the first one, too...
ADAM ḲADMON – ...the image." Akiba, who steadfastly denies any resemblance between God and other beings—even the highest type of angels—teaches that man was created after an image—that is, an archetype—or, in philosophical phrase...
BAER (DOB) OF MESERITZ – ...so runs the legend—the darkness suddenly gave way to light, and angels appeared eagerly listening to Besht's words. "Your explanations," said he to Baer, "were correct, but your deductions were thoughts without...
BEAUTIFUL, THE, IN JEWISH LITERATURE – ...nine-tenths of the beauty of the world were bestowed upon Jerusalem as the seat of God's majesty (Ḳid. 49b; Yoma 54b, in accordance with Ps. 1. 2). One of the highest angels in rabbinical angelology...
ANTICHRIST – ...amplified is found in Zechariah (xii.-xiv.) where God is described as appearing upon Zion at the last hour with His hosts of angels to protect His own from the attacks of the heathen, and to give them victory. When...