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BARUCH, APOCALYPSE OF (Syriac) – ...immortality, may nevertheless gain it if they are wholly free from sin (Tan., ed. Buber, Emor, and the passages given there by Buber). But the primal sin produced such conditions that it is almost impossible for the very ...noblest of men to win immortality.Adam, then, is responsible for the death of the pious on account of the trivial offenses ("'aberot ḳallot") which are caused by the present state of things. The pious would...
ARABIC-JEWISH PHILOSOPHY, General View of – ...of nothing. Again, Reason insists—also since the time of Aristotle—upon only a general immortality; Dogma, on the contrary, maintains the immortality of the individual. Reason, therefore, must give way.
ARTICLES OF FAITH – ...Judaism in the religious instruction of children as well as in the confession of faith to be recited by proselytes; some (e.g., Büdinger) laying especial stress on the immortality of the soul, others (e.g ...or five) articles in the "Proselyte Confession":1. God the Only One.2. Man His image.3a. Immortality of the soul.3b. Retribution.4. Israel's...
ESCHATOLOGY – The Day of the Lord. Gen. xlix. 1; comp. Gen. R. xcviii., "the Messianic end" ; Isa. ii. 1; also "the end," Dent. xxxii. 20; Ps. lxxiii. 17; Ben Sira vii. 36, xxviii. 6; comp. "Didache," xvi. 3): The doctrine of the "last
MENDELSSOHN – ...before, to write on the immortality of the soul, and formed the basis of his chief philosophical work, "Phädon" (1767). This follows Plato's dialogue of the same name. Mendelssohn's argument is that in the body ...health, and conversed with him about death and immortality. The Berlin Academy of Sciences proposed Mendelssohn as a regular member of the philosophical division, but Frederick the Great struck his name from the ...of Jesus (although with the limitation, "if Jesus of Nazareth had been content to remain only a virtuous man"), and who had demonstrated the immortality of the soul on the grounds of reason instead of the Bible...
JUDAH HA-LEVI – ...instruction is as little worthy of consideration as would be the question why the animals had not been created men. The Jew then shows that the immortality of the soul, resurrection, reward, and punishment are all ...active intellect. "Is there," he asks, "any curriculum of the knowledge one has to acquire to win immortality? How is it that the soul of one man differs from that of another? How can one forget a thing once thought...
ALBO, JOSEPH – ...or, if it be preferred, in immortality. In the formulation of other articles of faith the controversies to which the compilers had been exposed, and in which they had taken part, influenced, to a large extent...
BERECHIAH BEN NATRONAIKRESPIA HA-NAḲDAN – ...Immortality. In it he quotes R. Abraham ibn Daud (died about 1198) without the formula for the dead, so that it is quite probable that the book was composed before 1180. He does not quote Maimonides' "Moreh," finished in...
APION – ...and Pliny the Elder give ample proofs. He held out the promise of glorious immortality to any one to whom he should inscribe a work of his. "Thus," says Pliny, "speaks one who is the trumpet of his own fame...
ARABIC PHILOSOPHY—ITS INFLUENCE ON JUDAISM – ...variety of passive perfection—and that through information and virtue it became qualified for union with the active intellect, which latter emanates from God. To admit this theory would be to deny the immortality of...
ARISTOTLE IN JEWISH LITERATURE – ...for instance, unable to quote any authentic passage from his master concerning immortality, he is yet able to formulate something entirely in harmony with his views (Joël, "Levi ben Gerson," p. 22). For...
ESAU – ...lxiii.; Pes. 22b) and in denials of immortality (Targ. Pseudo-Jon. l.c.) and of God and the resurrection; so that he figures in tradition as one of the three great atheists (Tan., Toledot, 24; Sanh. 101b...
DIDACHE – ...reference to the Shekinah] in our hearts, and for the knowledge and faith and immortality which Thou hast made known to us through Jesus Thy servant. Thou, Almighty Lord, didst make all things for Thy name's...
DISPUTATIONS – ...d) on the forbidden fat and blood of animals; (e) on the night's sleep; (f) on the immortality of the soul. (3) Between Don Samuel Abrabalia and Don Solomon ha-Levi and Pope Martin (Hebrew...
MARGOLIOTH – ...of the soul, on immortality, etc. (Frankfort-on-the-Oder, 1751); "Or 'Olam," treatises on natural philosophy, to which is appended Saadia Gaon's commentary on Canticles (ib. 1777); "Bet Middot," on ethics...
ZOROASTRIANISM – ...Righteousness"), Khshathra Vairya ("Wished-for Kingdom"), Spenta Armaiti (a feminine personification of harmony and the earth), Haurvatat ("Health," "Salvation"), and Ameretat ("Immortality"). The angels and lesser...
DIDASCALIA – ...while confessing His precious name with defiance [ ; Sifra, Emor, 9], let us rejoice, hastening toward immortality. And when persecuted, let us not be perplexed and let us ...we may remember the Wisdom created by Thee. . . . Wherefore we assemble on the Day of the Lord and rejoice with Thy Word which has lit up life and immortality. For through it Thou hast made Israel, the God...
ALEXANDRIAN PHILOSOPHY – ...of the immortality of the soul is undoubtedly tinged with Grecian thought.It can not, therefore, be supposed that either the "Wisdom of Solomon" is a forerunner of Philo, or that IV Maccabees is a...
DEATH, VIEWS AND CUSTOMS CONCERNING – ...be immortal; . . . nevertheless through envy of the devil came death into the world" (Wisdom ii. 23, 24). "For God made not death; through righteousness immortality is obtained" (ib. i. 13, 16; vi. 18; xv...
JUDAISM – ...that of immortality, in some form or other familiar and indispensable to all tribes and creeds, seem evidently to have come to the Jews from without—the one from Persia or Babylonia, the other from Greece. Judaism ...itself rests on neither (see Eschatology; immortality-of-the-soul">Immortality; Resurrection). Its sole...
ADAM – ...clothed with majesty!" (Ps. xciii. 1). Still, the Book of Wisdom (ii. 23, 24) seems to allude to the older legend when saying, "God created man for immortality, but through the envy of Satan death entered the world...
APOCRYPHA – ...them to seek wisdom, and warns them of the wickedness and folly of idolatry. Noteworthy is the warm defense of the immortality of the soul, in which the influence of Greek philosophical ideas is manifest, as...
IBN TIBBON – ...it is, however, certainly incorrect, as the contents of the book show.(7) "'Olam Ḳaṭon," a treatise on the immortality of the soul, several manuscripts of which exist (Vatican MSS., No. 292, 2; Paris...
PHARISEES – ...Ab. R. N. xxv.; see Didache). But it was not the immortality of the soul which the Pharisees believed in, as Josephus puts it, but the resurrection of the body as expressed...
PRAYER-BOOKS – ...place of "resurrection," "immortality" was sometimes substituted. For example, in the 'Amidah, instead of "Go'el" (Redeemer) was substituted "ge'ulah" (redemption); and for "meḥayyeh ha-metim" (who quickenest the...
MACCABEES, BOOKS OF – ...Caligula, for the Jews seem to have been at peace at the time.Eschatology. The writer is a strong believer in immortality, but he has abandoned the Pharisaic...
CABALA – Name and Origin (Hebrew form Ḳabbalah [ , from = "to receive"; literally, "the received or traditional lore"]): The specific term for the esoteric or mystic doctrine concerning God and the universe, asserted to have come down as
AMERICA, JUDAISM IN – ...and all references to them in our prayers should be in the way of historical mention only.IV. The belief in a resurrection of the body has no religious foundation in Judaism: the belief in the immortality...
BOTANY – ...note), as did Baḥya ben Asher ibn Ḥalawa, who says: "The soul of reason is immortal, but the animal soul is not, and the plant soul is even farther removed from immortality. The latter is the lowest; therefore...
CONFERENCES, RABBINICAL – ...foundation, and the doctrine of immortality refers to the after-existence of the soul only."7. Urgently as the cultivation of the Hebrew language, in which the treasures of divine revelation were given and the...