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BENET (BENEDICT), NAPHTALI BEN MORDECAI – ...Prague, 1816, a collection and explanation of the precepts in regard to the laws of salting the meat, in order to remove the blood (Yoreh De'ah, 69-78); (2) "Misped Gadol" (Great Mourning), Vienna, 1830, a eulogy on...
DAY – ...first of the seven days of mourning; a short time in the morning of the seventh day is counted as the seventh day; circumcision takes place on the eighth day, even though of the first day only a few minutes...
PAPPUS – ...Sheb. 35a), probably in token of mourning. They were executed in Lydda (confused with Laodicea), and are accordingly called "the martyrs of Lydda." From that time on Trajan's day was no longer observed (Yer. Ta'an...
NISAN – ...observe public mourning and public fasts during the twenty-nine days of this month. The Taḥanun in the daily prayers and the "Ḳidḳatka Ẓedeḳ" in the Minḥah service of Sabbath are...
TAMMUZ – ...by Apostomus (comp. Josephus, "Ant." xx. 5, § 4; idem, "B. J." ii. 12, § 2), and the discontinuance of the sacrifices. With the 17th begin the three weeks of mourning over the destruction of Jerusalem...
WREATH – ...crowns, but permitted wreaths of flowers (Soṭah 49a, b). R. Jeremiah as a groom wore a wreath of olive-leaves, while Samuel regarded the prohibition as including wreaths also, as a sign of mourning for the...
AB, NINTH DAY OF – ...The Fall of Jerusalem. Day set aside by tradition for fasting and mourning, to commemorate the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple by the Chaldeans (586 ...growing strictness in the observance of mourning customs in connection with the Ninth Day of Ab is especially marked in post-Talmudic times, and particularly in the darkest period of Jewish life, from the fifteenth ...551). The same gradualextension can be traced in the abstention from marrying at this season (ib. § 551, 2d annotation by R. Moses Isserles) and in other signs of mourning. So R. Moses of Coucy says that...
CONSOLATION – ...Consolation was especially promised by the prophets of the Exile to the people mourning over Jerusalem (Isa. xl. 1; xlix. 13; li. 3, 12; lii. 9; lxi. 2 et seq.; lxvi. 10-13; Jer. xxxi. 12 et seq.; Zech. i ...in mourning or in misfortune, the friends standing to the right said: "May He who dwells in this house be thy Comforter!" (Middot ii. 2).The friends who offered consolation sat down on the ground with the ...Funeral Rites and Mourning Customs.K....
ORGAN – ...subheadinglevel2" name="anchor1">Cessation of Instrumental Music. Instrumental music in divine services ceased with the destruction of the Temple. Music was prohibited generally, in token of mourning for the ...play for Jews on Sabbath is considered a "shebut" or disturbance of the Sabbath rest; (2) music, except at marriage ceremonies, is generally prohibited, in token of mourning for the destruction of Jerusalem; (3 ...act was a religious one and could not, therefore, be shebut, and that this disposed of the objection based on the mourning for Jerusalem. As to aping Christian practise, Liebermann claimed that organ-playing had...
AFGHANISTAN – ...black turban, said to be mourning for the fall of Jerusalem, but probably as a distinctive mark (see Badge). Several of them are doctors. They are exempt from military service, but...
ABEL-BETH-MAACHAH – ...P.The confusion of the ancient name Abel, meaning "Meadow," with the Abel of later date, meaning "Mourning," gave rise to the legend recorded in the Book of Enoch, xiii...
CASTRO TARTAS, ISAAC DE – ...young man occasioned deep mourning. A memorial sermon was delivered by Saul Levi Morteira, and elegies in Hebrew and in Spanish were written in his honor by Solomon de Oliveyra and Jonas Abravanel.
FLACCUS – ...the time of mourning for Drusilla. Flaccus was recalled and banished to the island of Andros, where he was soon after executed, in 39 C.E. (ib. §§ 12-21).
FRIZZI, BENEDETTO (BENZION RAPHAEL KOHEN) – ...first and second volumes dealing with forbidden food; the third with marital laws; the fourth with laws on pregnancy, birth, and education; the fifth with diseases, mourning, and burial; and the sixth with streets...
HANAN (ḤANIN, ḤANINAN) – ...changed; mirth and mourning have met; joy was succeeded by wailing; at the first caress died the caresser." The child was named Hanan after its father (M. Ḳ. 25b).Bibliography...
LEO – ...infallibility of medical science, and accordingly they accused the unsuccessful physician of ill-will. Leo was arrested, and, after the forty days of mourning had elapsed, was publicly beheaded at Bolvanov Place.
KOHN, ABRAHAM – ...contributed articles on various subjects (e.g., on Jewish mourning customs and on music for the holy days) to Geiger's "Wiss. Zeit. Jüd. Theol." iii. and iv.Bibliography...
MEGIDDO – ...battle there or in the valley of Megiddo, between Pharaoh-nechoh and Josiah, in which the latter was slain (II Kings xxiii. 29-30; II Chron. xxxv. 22); "the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddon" may...
SHOE – ...were discarded, as in the theophany of Ex. iii. 5, while priests in general performed their offices without shoes. Similarly, in mourning, the bereaved removed their shoes (II Sam. xv. 30; Ezek. xxiv. 17, 23; Isa...
EGGS – ...sign of mourning. It is possible that this identification of eggs and mourning is due to the fact that the mourners' meal always includes an egg, perhaps to suggest the idea of the resurrection, as some writers...
TITLES OF HEBREW BOOKS – ...titles are those used in memorial and eulogistic works. The Talmudical treatise "Ebel Rabbati" (Great Mourning) later received the euphemistic title "Semaḥot" (Joys). The modern manual for mourners is similarly ...xxxv. 8), "Ebel Kabed" (Grievous Mourning), "Ebel Mosheh" (Mourning for Moses), "Misped Mar" (Bitter Wailing), "Ḳol Nehi" (Voice of Lamentation), "Ḳol Bokim" (Voice of Crying), "'Emeḳ ha-Baka" (Valley of Baca; see...
ABEL – ...see Gelzer, "Julius Africanus," ii. 272 et seq.), the body of Abel the Just, after many days of mourning, was placed in the Cave of Treasures. Before this cave, Adam and Eve and their descendants offered ...chap. xxi.), Abel's dog watched by his corpse to keep off the beasts of prey; and while Adam and Eve were sitting there, weeping and mourning, a raven came and buried a bird in the sand. Thereupon Adam said, "Let ...us do the same"; and he dug up the earth and buried his son.Regarding the mourning over Abel, compare the Book of Jubilees, iv. 7, with the strange interpretation of Abel as "Mourning" (as if the name...
BACHER, SIMON – ...mourning, jubilees and funerals, equally inspired his song. He celebrated scholars, preachers, statesmen; orators, singers, philanthropists, and writers; and Jewish legends and history also provided subjects for his...
BASHAN – ...language, Bashan is often linked with the Lebanon and Carmel as designative of mourning (Zech. xi. 2), languishing (Nahum i. 4), or casting away its fruit (Isa. xxxiii. 9).According to Biblical tradition...
ANAW, ZEDEKIAH B. ABRAHAM – ...legal matters, such as circumcision, mourning rites, fringes, slaughtering, inheritance, and interest. As the title indicates, and as the author never fails to point out, the work was culled from many older...
ASUFOT – ...New-Year, the fast-days, and to all the feasts, including the semi-festivals; laws concerning the observance of the Sabbath; laws about proselytes; a string of medical prescriptions and charms; mourning and...
EZEKIEL, MOSES JACOB – ...Sailor Boy"; and the statue of "Virginia Mourning Her Dead."On the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian war Ezekiel became special correspondent of the "New York Herald." At Pillau he was suspected of being a...
FEET, WASHING OF – ...mourning (II Sam. xix. 24). Though there are no extant laws for laymen in regard to washing the feet, such laws for priests are given in Ex. xxx. 19-21. There mention is made of brazen vessels, placed between the...
GERSHOM BEN JUDAH – ...1012. When he died a Christian, Gershom none the less grieved for him, observing all the forms of Jewish mourning, and his example became a rule for others in similar cases. His tolerance also extended to those...
HANANIAH (ḤANINA) – ...of general mourning, his coffin was, contrary to custom on such days, made on the public street (Yer. M. Ḳ. i. 80d).Bibliography: